Extinct Languages of Scotland: Norn Lang

 
9781157541509: Extinct Languages of Scotland: Norn Lang
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Chapters: Norn Language, Cumbric Language, Pictish Language, Galwegian Gaelic. Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 42. Not illustrated. Free updates online. Purchase includes a free trial membership in the publisher's book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge. Excerpt: Cumbric was a variety of the Celtic British language spoken in the Hen Ogledd or "Old North" of what is now northern England and southern Lowland Scotland, the area anciently known as Cumbria, during the Early Middle Ages. It was closely related to Old Welsh and the other Brythonic languages. Place name evidence suggests Cumbric speakers may have carried it into other parts of Northern England as migrants from its core area further north. It may also have been spoken as far south as the Yorkshire Dales. Most linguists believe that it became extinct in the 12th century, after the incorporation of the semi-independent Kingdom of Strathclyde into the Kingdom of Scotland. It is debated whether Cumbric should be considered a separate language or a dialect of Welsh. The land connection between the Brythonic speaking areas of the Old North and those of Wales was severed after the Battle of Chester in 616, which appears to have sealed the Northumbrian conquest of Cheshire, although some maritime links between the areas would have remained. In the 10th Century the Brythonic speaking Kingdom of Strathclyde appears to have maintained hegemony over Cumberland - though possibly not Copeland - and the Eden Valley down to Stainmore. The original boundaries of the Diocese of Carlisle are said traditionally to mark the extent of the rule of Strathclyde. Cumbric placenames are also common in Lothian, Peebleshire, Dumfriesshire, Lanarkshire and Ayrshire. They exist in Galloway but are overlain and influenced by Gaelic settlement there. Many of these areas were outwith the supposed political control of Strathclyde and so Cumbric is not to be solely identi...More: http: //booksllc.net/?id=31271

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