Science under Control: The French Academy of Sciences 1795-1914

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9780521413732: Science under Control: The French Academy of Sciences 1795-1914

The greatest ambition of any moderately successful nineteenth-century French scientist was to become a member of the Academy of Sciences. Science Under Control is the first major study in any language of this elite institution, in a period that began with such influential figures as Laplace and Cuvier and extended to the time of Louis Pasteur and Henri Poincare. The book attempts to remove the veil of mystery and misunderstanding that has shrouded this key institution and its procedures. The French government exercised political, financial, and bureaucratic control over the Academy, and the Academy in turn sat in judgment over all serious scientific production. Only with its approval could the work of French scientists win acceptance and advance their careers. The book examines the politics of science in a historical context drawing on a wealth of original historical sources. The author argues that the Academy was of importance not only nationally but also internationally, by its influence and by the establishment of certain procedures now considered basic to the organization of modern science. The book therefore provides a case study of carefully regulated scientific production encouraged yet constrained within a system of reports, prizes, and elections. This book will prove to be an invaluable source of information and of discussion on the history, politics, and religion of this intense period in European science.

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Book Description:

The nineteenth-century Academy of Sciences contained the elite of French scientists and did important work. The Academy was the only national body for science in France and it controlled all recognised branches of science. This book examines governmental control of science and sets it in a historical and sociological context.

Review:

"...brings out the detail of the operations of the Academy with the meticulous clarity that is the hallmark of his scholarship. He does not make judgements about the effect on the quality, originality or range of science done in France, or enter into the question whether there was a decline in scientific vitality relative to Germany and Britain in the course of the nineteenth century. Neither in this nor in his other writings is he given to grand views, and his quiet voice comes as rather a relief amid the extravagance of much current writing about the scientific enterprise." Charles C. Gillespie, Nature

"...this essentially historical study is recommended for advanced undergraduate and university libraries seeking holdings in the history and development of modern science." L.C. Archie, Choice

"...will certainly stand as the authoritative statement on its subject for many years." Dorinda Outram, Times Higher Education Supplement

"...its excellent presentation makes it eminently readable and useful for anyone interested in French culture, especially those who study the period between the Revolution and the First World War. Crosland's clear prose style and his excellent organization make the book a pleasure to read." Carol Colatrella, Nineteenth-Century French Studies

"...a sprawling, encyclopedic book on a key French scientific institution to which most leading scientists belonged....an indispensable guide for anyone doing future studies of the Academy." H. W. Paul, American Scientist

"...a carefully crafted institutional history of the French Academy of Sciences in the nineteenth century; based on the relevant archives and serial publications, it can be expected to stand as definitive." Fritz Ringer, American Historical Review

"...provides a case study of scientific production encouraged yet constrained within a system of reports, prizes and elections." Bulletin of Sci., Tech., and Society

"On the whole, this book clarifies and considerably enriches our knowledge of the functioning of the French research system in the nineteenth-century and of the structuring roles that the academy played up to the Second Empire....Because of the quality of its erudirion and its wealth of precise information, building on the decades of scholarship that the author has dedicated to the history of French Science, it will no doubt remain for a long time a major reference work." Camille Limoges, Isis

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Crosland, Maurice
Editorial: Cambridge University Press
ISBN 10: 0521413737 ISBN 13: 9780521413732
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Descripción Cambridge University Press. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: New. 0521413737 New Condition. Nº de ref. de la librería NEW7.1957588

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Maurice Crosland
Editorial: CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS, United Kingdom (1992)
ISBN 10: 0521413737 ISBN 13: 9780521413732
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Descripción CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS, United Kingdom, 1992. Hardback. Estado de conservación: New. New.. Language: English . Brand New Book. The greatest ambition of any moderately successful nineteenth-century French scientist was to become a member of the Academy of Sciences. Science under Control is the first major study, in any language, of this elite institution, in a period which began with such influential figures as Laplace and Cuvier and extended to the time of Louis Pasteur and Henri Poincare. The book attempts to remove the veil of mystery and misunderstanding which has shrouded this key institution and its procedures. The French government exercised political, financial and bureaucratic control over the Academy, and the Academy in turn sat in judgement over all serious scientific production. Only with its approval could the work of French scientists win acceptance and their careers advance. The book provides a case study of carefully regulated scientific production encouraged yet constrained within a system of reports, prizes and elections. Nº de ref. de la librería AAA9780521413732

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Maurice Crosland
Editorial: CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS, United Kingdom (1992)
ISBN 10: 0521413737 ISBN 13: 9780521413732
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Descripción CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS, United Kingdom, 1992. Hardback. Estado de conservación: New. New.. Language: English . Brand New Book. The greatest ambition of any moderately successful nineteenth-century French scientist was to become a member of the Academy of Sciences. Science under Control is the first major study, in any language, of this elite institution, in a period which began with such influential figures as Laplace and Cuvier and extended to the time of Louis Pasteur and Henri Poincare. The book attempts to remove the veil of mystery and misunderstanding which has shrouded this key institution and its procedures. The French government exercised political, financial and bureaucratic control over the Academy, and the Academy in turn sat in judgement over all serious scientific production. Only with its approval could the work of French scientists win acceptance and their careers advance. The book provides a case study of carefully regulated scientific production encouraged yet constrained within a system of reports, prizes and elections. Nº de ref. de la librería AAA9780521413732

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Crosland, Maurice
Editorial: Cambridge University Press (1992)
ISBN 10: 0521413737 ISBN 13: 9780521413732
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Descripción Cambridge University Press, 1992. HRD. Estado de conservación: New. New Book. Shipped from UK in 4 to 14 days. Established seller since 2000. Nº de ref. de la librería FM-9780521413732

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Maurice Crosland
Editorial: Cambridge University Press
ISBN 10: 0521413737 ISBN 13: 9780521413732
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Descripción Cambridge University Press. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: New. New copy - Usually dispatched within 2 working days. Nº de ref. de la librería B9780521413732

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MAURICE CROSLAND
ISBN 10: 0521413737 ISBN 13: 9780521413732
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Descripción 1992. Hardback. Estado de conservación: NEW. 9780521413732 This listing is a new book, a title currently in-print which we order directly and immediately from the publisher. Nº de ref. de la librería HTANDREE0456479

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Maurice Crosland
Editorial: Cambridge University Press (1992)
ISBN 10: 0521413737 ISBN 13: 9780521413732
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Descripción Cambridge University Press, 1992. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: New. Nº de ref. de la librería DADAX0521413737

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Maurice Crosland
Editorial: Cambridge University Press (1992)
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Descripción Cambridge University Press, 1992. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Brand New. 474 pages. 10.25x7.25x1.25 inches. In Stock. Nº de ref. de la librería __0521413737

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Maurice Crosland
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Descripción Cambridge University Press, 1992. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: New. book. Nº de ref. de la librería M0521413737

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