Self-Organization in Nonequilibrium Systems: From Dissipative Structures to Order through Fluctuations

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9780471024019: Self-Organization in Nonequilibrium Systems: From Dissipative Structures to Order through Fluctuations

Membranes, Dissipative Structures, and Evolution Edited by G. Nicolis & R. Lefever Focuses on the problem of the emergence/maintenance of biological order at successively higher levels of complexity. Covers the spatiotemporal organization of simple biochemical networks; the formation of pluricellular or macromolecular assemblies; the evolution of these structures; and the functions of specific biological structures. Volume 29 in Advances in Chemical Physics Series, I. Prigogine & Stuart A. Rice, Editors. 1975 Theory and Applications of Molecular Paramagnetism Edited by E. A. Boudreaux & L. N. Mulay Comprehensively treats the basic theory of paramagnetic phenomena from both the classical and mechanical vantages. It examines the magnetic behavior of Lanthanide and Actinide elements as well as traditional transition metals. For each class of compounds, appropriate details of descriptive and mathematical theory are given before their applications. 1976 Theory and Aapplications of Molecular Diamagnetism Edited by L. N. Mulay & E. A. Boudreaux An invaluable reference for solving chemical problems in magnetics, magnetochemistry, and related areas where magnetic data are important, such as solid-state physics and optical spectroscopy. 1976

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The emphasis of classical physics has consistently been stability. Yet, today’s thinking has evolved to the realization that such a qualification applies only to limited aspects. Because evolutionary processes lead to vast diversification and increasing complexity, the behavior of a macroscopic system with many interacting subunits can substantially differ from the random superposition of the independent subunits’ evolution. This monograph explores the self-organization phenomena arising in such systems. While relatively new, this field of investigation already encompasses a wide range of problems from chemistry to biology and population dynamics. With emphasis on nonlinear interactions and non-equilibrium constraints, the authors explain how departures from incoherent behavior are induced. Bifurcation and probability theories are used in Parts II and III to explain evolution and pattern formation. Parts IV and V detail examples of self-organization such as oscillating reactions, enzymatic reactions, cellular regulation, morphogenesis, prebiotic evolution, population dynamics, and sociobiology. In addition to the direct utility of mathematical models in the analysis of complex systems, the monograph stresses the universality of the concepts and mechanisms underlying self-organization as opposed to the diversity of the fields to which they apply. Contents: Introduction. Conservation Equations. Thermodynamics of Irreversible Processes: The Linear Region. Nonlinear Thermodynamics. Systems Involving Chemical Reactions and Diffusion-Stability. Mathematical Tools. Simple Autocatalytic Models. Some further Aspects of Dissipative Structures and Self-Organization Phenomena. General Comments. Birth and Death Descriptions of Fluctuations. Effect of Diffusion: Phase-Space Description and Multi-Variable Master Equation. A "Mean Field" Description of Fluctuations: Nonlinear Master Equation. Self-Organization in Chemical Reactions. Regulatory Processes at the Subcellular Level. Regulatory Processes at the Cellular Level. Cellular Differentiation and Pattern Formation. Thermodynamics of Evolution. Thermodynamics of Ecosystems. Perspectives and Concluding Remarks. References. Index.

About the Author:

About the Authors GREGOIRE NICOLIS received his Ph.D. in Non Equilibrium Statistical Mechanisms in 1965 at Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium. A recipient of the De Donder Prize of the Belgian Academy of Science, Dr. Nicolis is an Associate Foreign Member of the Academy, and the co-editor, with R. Lefever, of Membranes, Dissipative Structures, and Evolution (Wiley-Interscience, Vol. 29 in Advances in Chemical Physics Series, 1975). He has served at the University of Texas, Austin, and the University of Oregon, Eugene, as Visiting Professor, and is currently Professeur Associé at Université Libre de Bruxelles. ILYA PRIGOGINE is one of the founders of the modern theory of irreversible processes. His work includes both thermodynamics and statistical physics. He is a member of several national academies and learned societies, and is former President of the Belgian Royal Academy and an Associate Foreign Member of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States. Dr. Prigogine holds numerous honorary degrees and has received many distinctions such as the Arrhenius Gold Medal of the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences (1968) and the Rumford Medal of the Royal Society (1976).

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Nicolis, Gregoire, Prigogine, Ilya
Editorial: Wiley (1977)
ISBN 10: 0471024015 ISBN 13: 9780471024019
Nuevos Tapa dura Cantidad: 1
Murray Media
(North Miami Beach, FL, Estados Unidos de America)

Descripción Wiley, 1977. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: New. Never used!. Nº de ref. de la librería P110471024015

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