The LaTeX Web Companion: Integrating TeX, HTML, and XML

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9780201433111: The LaTeX Web Companion: Integrating TeX, HTML, and XML

Shows how you can publish LaTeX documents on the Web. This book describes tools and techniques for transforming LaTeX sources into Web formats for electronic publication, and for transforming Web sources into LaTeX documents for optimal printing.

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From the Inside Flap:

The aim of this book is to provide help for authors, primarily scientists, who want to invest in the Web or other hypertext presentation systems but are not living in the world of Microsoft Word or QuarkXPress. They have an investment in markup systems such as LaTeX and have special needs in fields like mathematics, non-European languages, and algorithmic graphics. The book will tell them how to

make full use of the Adobe Acrobat format from LaTeX; convert their legacy documents to HTML or XML; make use of their math in Web applications; use LaTeX as a tool in preparing Web pages; read and write simple XML/SGML; produce high-quality printed pages from their Web-hosted XML or HTML pages using TeX or PDF.

LaTeX as a document repository for the Internet

The World Wide Web has invaded all areas of society, and science is no exception to this rule. This should come as no surprise since the Web paradigm was born at CERN, one of the largest scientific laboratories in the world.

The present ubiquitous Web interface is the result of basic research that took place in the first years of the 1990s at CERN. Before then use of the Internet had been mostly an affair of specialists. It needed the genius and insight of Tim Berners-Lee and collaborators to create a tool that allowed physicists participating in CERN's high-energy physics program but located all over the world to exchange data and information via the Internet in an intuitive and "user-friendly" way. Their work led directly to the development of the HTML language, the HTTP protocol, and the URL addressing scheme--the three basic pillars on which the Web is built. From the very beginning, the group took the farsighted decision to share their work freely with the Internet community. Then, thanks also to the appearance of the graphic interface of the Mosaic browser, the Web paradigm was received enthusiastically by developers and users alike. The growth of the number of Web sites and users became exponential, culminating in the Web Woodstock at CERN in May 1994. CERN, a scientific laboratory dedicated to basic research, did not have the resources to coordinate Web development further, and hence these responsibilities were transferred to the international World Wide Web Consortium W3C, which at present consists of three main components: the Laboratory for Computer Science at MIT MIT, USA; INRIA INRIA, France; and Keio University KEIO, Japan. The Consortium is supported by DARPA DARPA and the European Commission EC.

One lesson to be learned from the history of the advent of the Web is that basic research, in completely unexpected ways, can lead to very important and wide-ranging spin-offs for society.

Although most people do not realize it, SGML (in the form of the ubiquitous lingua franca of the Web, HTML) is today without doubt the leading markup language for electronic documents. Similarly LaTeX has been used for over a decade for marking up scientific documents. Even today there is no viable alternative to print texts containing a lot of mathematics without using LaTeX. Therefore it seems reasonable to look for ways to find a (possibly) automatic procedure to translate LaTeX documents in a form that is exploitable on the Web. Conversely, documents marked up in XML and HTML should be able to benefit from the high typographic qualities of the TeX processor.

Therefore in this book we explain how LaTeX can be used as the central component of an electronic document strategy for the Web. We show how you can reuse your existing LaTeX documents on the Web by translating them into HTML, and how, by using some LaTeX extension packages, you can more fully exploit the hypertext capabilities of HTML. Today HTML and Web browsers cannot deal very well with nontextual document components, such as pictures (which are translated into bitmap images) or mathematics. We also address the translation of LaTeX into PDF and the possibilities of interpreting LaTeX commands directly by extensions of a browser.

We also introduce you to the secrets of XML, the extensible markup language, which uses a subset of SGML and which is set to replace HTML as it allows for application-dependent extensions. In particular, we look at MML--the mathematical markup language--its syntax and how it can be generated, and what it can be used for.

Going in the other direction, we discuss various strategies to transform Web source documents marked up in XML or HTML into LaTeX or PDF for optimal printing, in particular using DSSSL and XSL style sheets.

Many tools for transforming TeX-based source files into HTML have been developed over the years. The programs described in this book are a representive sample chosen mainly because we were familiar with them and have used them ourselves. The absence of a description of other tools in this book in no way implies that we consider them to be less useful or of inferior quality. Logical structure of the book

We suggest that all readers look at Chapter 1 before going any further, because this chapter introduces how we think--that the Web is not a threat to LaTeX, but an opportunity and why you should or should not continue to write in LaTeX. We also present a short introduction to the Web from the point of view of the LaTeX user.

Chapter 2 treats the subject of how to marry hyperdocuments with page fidelity using the Portable Document Format (PDF).

The conversion of LaTeX documents into HTML is tackled in Chapters 3 and 4. In Chapter 3 we discuss LaTeX2HTML, which uses Perl to interpret LaTeX source documents and to generate HTML code. Extension packages can be easily added in the form of Perl routines, while various extensions to the LaTeX language make LaTeX2HTML a real high-performance tool to generate hypertext documents.

We take a different approach in Chapter 4, where TeX4ht uses a redefinition of LaTeX's TeX macros to generate HTML or XML, possibly using also the MML application for expressing the mathematics.

Recently we have seen the development of browsers (with plug-ins) that are able to interpret mathematical markup directly. Chapter 5 looks at implementations that can direcly interpret large subsets of native LaTeX code without prior translation into HTML, in particular techexplorer, a plug-in for Netscape and Internet Explorer developed by IBM, and WebEQ, a Java applet for rendering math.

Chapter 6 looks at the broader picture and gives a gentle introduction to SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language); it explains how XML (eXtensible Markup Language), a simpler and more "Internet and user-friendly" variant of SGML will become an important element in any future document strategy for the Internet. It is anticipated that XML, combined with object databases and other current object-oriented technologies, will revolutionize our document management at all levels. Tools for authoring and interpreting XML will be described, and we will spend some time building a LaTeX-like XML markup language.

TeX was originally developed by Don Knuth to print his math books in accordance with the highest standards of the typographic art. Therefore it should come as no surprise that TeX has been proposed as a typesetting engine for Web material. Tools to translate XML sources into various output formats are described in Chapter 7. The use of Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), Document Style Semantics and Specification Language (DSSSL), and Extensible Style Language (XSL) for controlling the translation process will be detailed.

Chapter 8 tackles the "hot" issue of how to take maximal advantage of LaTeX's optimal mathematical notation to translate LaTeX markup into XML and MathML (Mathematical Markup language), a companion to XML to present and work with math on the Web.

The book ends with appendixes that contain technical information to complement the chapters in the book. We provide an introduction to Web name spaces, discuss internationalization issues, and review a few important XML DTDs. We also explain where you can find the software mentioned in this book. History and authorship

When The LaTeX Graphics Companion was in its early stages, Sebastian Rahtz and Michel Goossens intended to include coverage of the Portable Document Format, SGML, and the Web in that book. It became apparent, however, that the hypertext and SGML material would require a whole book of their own, so as soon as the Graphics Companion was completed, work started on this Web Companion. Even more than is the case with most TeX work, the packages and programs related to the Web and TeX were changing very rapidly; it was decided, therefore, to ask the authors of three of the most important packages to work with Rahtz and Goossens, to make sure that the chapters would be up-to-date and accurate.

The chapter on LaTeX2HTML is primarily the work of Moore; that on TeX4ht the work of Gurari; and that on IBM techexplorer and WebEQ that of Sutor; Goossens and Rahtz shared the remaining chapters between them. Gurari, Moore, and Sutor also contributed significantly to the rest of the book by commenting on material, contribut

From the Back Cover:

Published Jun 10, 1999 by Addison-Wesley Professional. Part of the Tools and Techniques for Computer Typesetting series. The series editor may be contacted at frank.mittelbach@latex-project.org. This book shows how you can publish LaTeX documents on the Web. LaTeX was born of the scientist's need to prepare well-formatted information, particularly with pictures and mathematics included; the Web was born of the scientist's need to communicate information electronically. Until now, it has been difficult to find solutions that address both needs. HTML and today's Web browsers deal inadequately with the nontextual components of scientific documents. This book, at last, describes tools and techniques for transforming LaTeX sources into Web formats for electronic publication, and for transforming Web sources into LaTeX documents for optimal printing.

You will learn how to:

  • Make full use of Acrobat with LaTeX
  • Convert existing documents to HTML or XML
  • Use mathematics in Web applications
  • Use LaTeX to prepare Web pages
  • Read and write simple XML/SGML
  • Produce high-quality printed pages from Web-hosted XML or HTML pages

You will find practical descriptions of:

  • LaTeX2HTML, which uses Perl to interpret LaTeX source and generate HTML
  • TeX4ht, which redefines LaTeX's macros to generate HTML or XML
  • Browser plugins, such as techexplorer, that are able to interpret mathematical markup directly
  • Tools for authoring and interpreting XML
  • Tools for translating XML into various output formats, using Cascading Style Sheets, DSSSL, or XSL
  • Mathematical Markup Language (MathML)

In addition to giving the Internet location of the software described in this book, the authors also provide a full, annotated catalogue of URLs for the standards and documentation relating to this fast-moving area.

Many of the packages and programs described in this book are freely available in public software archives, and the source code for examples has been placed on CTAN, the TeX archives.



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Descripción Pearson Education (US), United States, 1999. Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. Language: English . Brand New Book. This book shows how you can publish LaTeX documents on the Web. LaTeX was born of the scientist s need to prepare well-formatted information, particularly with pictures and mathematics included; the Web was born of the scientist s need to communicate information electronically. Until now, it has been difficult to find solutions that address both needs. HTML and today s Web browsers deal inadequately with the nontextual components of scientific documents. This book, at last, describes tools and techniques for transforming LaTeX sources into Web formats for electronic publication, and for transforming Web sources into LaTeX documents for optimal printing. You will learn how to: *Make full use of Acrobat with LaTeX *Convert existing documents to HTML or XML *Use mathematics in Web applications *Use LaTeX to prepare Web pages *Read and write simple XML/SGML *Produce high-quality printed pages from Web-hosted XML or HTML pages You will find practical descriptions of: *LaTeX2HTML, which uses Perl to interpret LaTeX source and generate HTML *TeX4ht, which redefines LaTeX s macros to generate HTML or XML *Browser plugins, such as techexplorer, that are able to interpret mathematical markup directly *Tools for authoring and interpreting XML *Tools for translating XML into various output formats, using Cascading Style Sheets, DSSSL, or XSL *Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) In addition to giving the Internet location of the software described in this book, the authors also provide a full, annotated catalogue of URLs for the standards and documentation relating to this fast-moving area. Many of the packages and programs described in this book are freely available in public software archives, and the source code for examples has been placed on CTAN, the TeX archives. 0201433117B04062001. Nº de ref. de la librería BZV9780201433111

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Descripción Pearson Education (US), United States, 1999. Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. Language: English . This book usually ship within 10-15 business days and we will endeavor to dispatch orders quicker than this where possible. Brand New Book. This book shows how you can publish LaTeX documents on the Web. LaTeX was born of the scientist s need to prepare well-formatted information, particularly with pictures and mathematics included; the Web was born of the scientist s need to communicate information electronically. Until now, it has been difficult to find solutions that address both needs. HTML and today s Web browsers deal inadequately with the nontextual components of scientific documents. This book, at last, describes tools and techniques for transforming LaTeX sources into Web formats for electronic publication, and for transforming Web sources into LaTeX documents for optimal printing. You will learn how to: *Make full use of Acrobat with LaTeX *Convert existing documents to HTML or XML *Use mathematics in Web applications *Use LaTeX to prepare Web pages *Read and write simple XML/SGML *Produce high-quality printed pages from Web-hosted XML or HTML pages You will find practical descriptions of: *LaTeX2HTML, which uses Perl to interpret LaTeX source and generate HTML *TeX4ht, which redefines LaTeX s macros to generate HTML or XML *Browser plugins, such as techexplorer, that are able to interpret mathematical markup directly *Tools for authoring and interpreting XML *Tools for translating XML into various output formats, using Cascading Style Sheets, DSSSL, or XSL *Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) In addition to giving the Internet location of the software described in this book, the authors also provide a full, annotated catalogue of URLs for the standards and documentation relating to this fast-moving area. Many of the packages and programs described in this book are freely available in public software archives, and the source code for examples has been placed on CTAN, the TeX archives. 0201433117B04062001. Nº de ref. de la librería BZV9780201433111

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