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2 pages; A one leaf printed memorandum from the United Nations General Assembly A/4234, 29 September 1959 "Request for the inclusion of an additional item in the agenda of the fourteenth regular session: Item proposed by the Federation of Malaya and Ireland -- The Question of Tibet." comprising the request from the delegates from Ireland and Malaya and on the verso is the "Explanatory Memorandum" required by UN Rule 20) -- to accompany such requests; this UN document is complete. Original typescript, produced via mimeographic stencil, printed on both sides of a standard letter-sized sheet of paper, with printed head: "UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY" - with UN world-map logo at the top center. The boradsheet was produced on paper of mediocre quality, and has been folded in thirds, age toned and has some shallow chipping along edges. The typed header states that this is the "Original: English" version. At the foot of the recto there is the typed docket: "59-22538" (confirming that this broadsheet was produced in 1959, and that the UN produced a lot of paper documents in a session, even 57 years ago). There is a pencil notation on the verso "Little Nations / P M" Historical Context: In 1959, within days of the rapidly devolving March uprising in Lhasa, the Dalai Lama and his retinue fled Tibet with the help of the CIA's Special Activities Division. They crossed the border into India on 30 March 1959, and soon afterward, the Dalai Lama set up the Government of Tibet in Exile in Dharamshala, India, receiving support from the CIA including an annual stipend of $180,000 from at least 1959 until about 1974. In April 1959 the Dalai Lama sent a message to the U.S. Government requesting that the U.S. formally recognize the Free Tibetan Government and that he encourage other nations to do so. Under Secretary of State C. Douglas Dillon advised President Eisenhower that the U.S. should "avoid taking any position which might encourage the Dalai Lama to seek international recognition." Despite considerable U.S. covert support of the Tibetans' efforts to oust the Chinese, the official U.S. position held that Tibet was an autonomous country under Chinese suzerainty. The State Department believed this position better served America's broader foreign policy interest viz. China and India. In fact, the Eisenhower administration (both the State Department and the CIA) restrained the Tibetans from presenting their case against Chinese aggression, instead skirting the political issues and treading the softer line of human rights violations and cultural oppression. The Tibetans finally enlisted Ireland and Malaya to request "The Question of Tibet" to be added to the U.N. agenda for its 14th session. Consequently, the United Nations' Resolution 1353 (XIV) on Tibet was passed in October 1959. This First U.N. Resolution on Tibet did not address the sovereignty issue, but voiced the majority of General Assembly voting nations' "grave concern at the continued violation of the fundamental rights and freedoms of Tibetans" and calling for "respect of the fundamental human rights of the Tibetan people and for their distinctive cultural and religious life." Ireland, at the time, was stepping up in its UN profile. Frederick Henry Boland, who had become Ireland's Ambassador to the United Nations, was successful, with full support from the United States, in his campaign to be elected to the Presidency of the upcoming Fifteen General Assembly of the UN. [In fact, Boland was in the chair on the 12th of October 1960, when Nikita Khrushchev took off his shoe and pounded it on his desk, making a racket heard 'round the world]. UN incidents like that one serve to point out that the world is a complicated place (and that Tibet is a comparatively small corner.) Efforts of various parties to move beyond the 1959 general statement of concern have been elusive and unsuccessful for the fifty seven years which have passed since the UN dealt with this "QUESTION OF TIBET" in a l. N° de ref. de la librería 39205
Título: Request for the inclusion of an additional ...
Editorial: United Nations General Assembly
Año de publicación: 1959
Condición del libro: Very Good
Edición: First Edition.
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