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Opera mathematica V tomis distributa. Ab auctore nunc denuo correcta, et plurimis locis aucta. 1-5

Christophe Clavius Cristoforo Clavio

Editorial: Reinhard Eltz for Antonius Hierat, [1611?] 1612., Moguntiæ (Mainz),, 1611
Librería: Libreria Antonio Pettini (ROMA, RM, Italia)

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5 voll. Folio. viii pp. (incl. frontespizio inciso) + 596 + 607-638; + 252 (ultima carta bianca); + 244 + 84 + 184 (ultima carta bianca); + viii + 340 (ultima carta bianca) + 348 + xx (ultima carta bianca); + viii + 552 + xii + 60 + 244; + xii + 624 (ultima carta bianca) + 124 (ultima carta bianca) + 60 + 20 + 24 pp. Numerosi legni e diagrammi nel testo.Legatura in pelle coeva, dorso dorato. Bruniture omogenee della carta. The evidence of the attempts to leave the Aristotelianism for the modern method and an important proof of the Galileian revolution.Clavius's work includes in addition to commentary on arithmetic and algebra one on Euclid, Teodosio and Sacrobosco; his contribution to the study of trigonometry and astronomy; his work on the calendar. Clavius has been for mathematics in Renaissence a real turning point: "Probably the man who did the most of all the German scholars of the 16th century to extend the knowledge of mathematics? was Cristopher Clavius, a Jesuit, who passed the later years of his life in Rome. He was an excellent teacher? His Algebra appeared in 1608 and was one of the best textbooks on the subject that had been written up to that time? (he was) engaged in the reform of the calendar?" (Smith).Opera Mathematica in his third volume contains the Sphaera in his last editorial, to which Clavius worked during 1610 and which was printed in 1611. Shortly thereafter, in February 1612, Clavius was dying after a period of illness. In March 1610 following his comments on the telescope, Galileo published in Sidereus Nuncius his latest astronomical discoveries. These findings, perhaps only for a lucky snap of dates, are among the topics covered in the review of Sphaera, where Clavius shows to recognize the meaning. Clavius and the Jesuits in those years had to go back to seriously consider the observations of Galileo, and had to acquire the telescope also to repeat the observations and then verify their accuracy.Clavius led directly the observations (especially on the phases of Venus and the moons of Jupiter, but also on the lunar spots) along with a group of young Jesuit mathematicians and astronomers, first of all Grienberger, thus removing, towards the end of his life and following a long friendship with Galileo, his skepticism about the Copernican theory. Galileo himself in a letter to Madame Christina of Lorraine in 1615 wrote that "altri matematici, i quali mossi da gli ultimi miei scoprimenti, hanno confessato essere necessario mutare la già concepita costituzione del mondo, non potendo in conto alcuno più sussistere". Galilei continues that one of them was just Clavius, and the reference is certainly to the pitch of the Opera Mathematica Tomo III, p. 75, where as the result of the list of Galileo's discoveries, the Jesuit ends "Quae cum ita sint, videant Astronomi quo pacto orbes coelestes constituendi sint ut haec phaenomena possint salvari".It 's an extraordinary moment in the history of cosmology and Church, which has marked the highlight of the heliocentric theory, which no major scientists, mathematicians and astronomers of the Society of Jesus, thought no more be able to object. As D'Elia notes (pp. 14-15): "The confirmation from him on the discoveries of the astronomer from Pisa and on the copernican interpretation he deduced, had definitive influence and perhaps even dominate, to ensure the discoveries the almost universal acceptance in the intellectual world, even if the disappearance of the old professor and that of several of his closest disciples could not prevent the ecclesiastical Authority's precept of 1616 and the condemnation of 1633 ". Clavius had even got that Galileo was received at the Roman College, and was himself to "explain" to Cardinal Bellarmine scientific discoveries of Galilei. So while the academic and obviously ecclesiastical circles did not leave officially by the Aristotelian position, a scientist of them, for evidence and intellectual honesty, was preparing the way for the. N° de ref. de la librería 2226

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Título: Opera mathematica V tomis distributa. Ab ...

Editorial: Reinhard Eltz for Antonius Hierat, [1611?] 1612., Moguntiæ (Mainz),

Año de publicación: 1611

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