Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Sir Alexander Ogston KCVO MB CM MD was a Scottish surgeon, famous for his discovery of Staphylococcus aureus. He was born in Aberdeen in 1844 and died there in 1929. He was the eldest son of Prof. Francis Ogston (1803-1887). During his undergraduate studies, Ogston had learnt of Louis Pasteur's experiments with microorganisms and had observed first-hand Joseph Lister's use of carbolic acid as an antiseptic. Ogston postulated that abscess formation was caused by a microorganism. He viewed pus under a microscope and observed chains and bunches of cocci. When the pus was introduced into experimental subjects, an abscess developed, containing the same cocci that could be demonstrated in the original abscess. The chains of cocci had already been identified and named Streptococci — Ogston therefore named the bunches he observed Staphylococci after the Greek word staphyle, meaning "bunch of grapes".
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