Building stones of Ohio

9781231084632: Building stones of Ohio
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1915 Excerpt: ... and probably this explains the great thickness of the formation at that place. Quarries in Berea Sandstone The Berea sandstone has been quarried in Ohio, in a large or small way, in nearly every county where the formation outcrops. In reviewing these quarries we will start ir the northeastern part of the State, and follow the outcrop west to Norwalk, and thence south to the Ohio River. Mesopotamia.--This village, which is situated in the northwest corner of Trumbull County, was for many years the site of a quarry which supplied stone for the surrounding county, and for the following data concerning it the Survey is indebted to Mr. W. G. Burroughs of Oberlin. The quarry is in the valley of Andrews Creek, about one and onefourth mile southwest of the village, and is now the property of Charles Clark of Warren. The quarry is about 400 feet long, and the sandstone is covered with from 10 to 20 feet of glacial drift. This quarry was opened about 50 years ago by Harrison Clark of Mesopotamia. The stripping and quarrying were, of course, done by hand labor. When the rock was very hard, blasting was resorted to, but at other times the stone was broken with wedges in the usual manner. Six men were the most ever employed at one time. The quarry has not been in active operation since 1890. A section in this quarry follows: it Glacial drift 10-20 Berea sandstone. Sandstone layers from one to six inches thick. Ripple marked. Many iron stains 20 Gray-blue shale, rather soft. Contains one thin layer of sandstone 6 Sandstone layers from eight to eighteen inches thick. Light-gray, rather fine-grained and soft. Contains few iron impurities 20 From a well record farther down stream the total thickness of the formation was proven to be as follows: Ft. Berea sandstone 20 Shale...

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