Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 117. Not illustrated. Chapters: Oud, Kemenche, Zurna, Ney, Naqareh, Daf, Davul, Kanun, Rebab, Sistrum, Arghul, Goblet Drum, Zill, Riq, Bendir, Qanbūs, Buzuq, Mizmar, Rhaita, Mijwiz, Mirwas, Tanbūra, Mazhar, Simsimiyya, Tar, Krakebs, Mizwad, Naqara, Kawala, Mihbaj, Tabl Baladi. Excerpt: The term kemenche (Turkish: kemençe, Armenian: K'amântcha - , Laz: Ç'ilili - , Azerbaijani: kamança, Persian: , Greek: ) is used to describe two types of three-stringed bowed musical instruments: Both types of kemenche are played in the downright position, either by resting it on the knee when sitting, or held in front of the player when standing. It is always played "braccio", that is, with the tuning head uppermost. The kemenche bow is called the doksar (Greek: ), the Greek term for bow. Its name derives from the Persian Kamancheh, the name is Persian and means merely "small bow". Al-Kdir, in his classification of musical instruments, mentioned the kemandje similar to the Arabic rabab and the Byzantine lyra (Margaret J. Kartomi, 1990). In Greece and the Pontic Greek diaspora, it is known as the lyra or the "kementzes": it is the main instrument used in Pontic music. Classical Kemenche (Armudî Kemençe)side viewThe kemençe of Turkish classical music (Armudî kemençe) is a small instrument closely related to the Byzantine lyra (Turkish: Rum kemençe), 40-41 cm in length and 14-15 cm wide. Its pear-shaped body, elliptical pegbox and neck are fashioned from a single piece of wood. Its sound-board has two D-shaped soundholes of some 4x3 cm, approximately 25 mm apart, the rounded side facing outwards. The bridge is placed between, one side resting on the face of the instrument and the other on the sound post. A small hole 3-4 mm in diameter is bored in the back, directly below the bridge, and a back channel (srt oluu) begins from a triangular raised area ...
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