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Dialogo. Dove ne i congressi di quattro: GALILEI, Galileo.

GALILEI, Galileo.

Publicado por Giovanni Batista Landini, Florence (1632)

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Descripción: Giovanni Batista Landini, Florence, 1632. First edition of this epoch-making work, Galileo?s celebrated defence of the Copernican view of the solar system, the most notorious banned book of the 17th century. Written in dialogue form, it ?was designed both as an appeal to the great public and as an escape from silence ? it is a masterly polemic for the new science. It displays all the great discoveries in the heavens which the ancients had ignored; it inveighs against the sterility, wilfulness, and ignorance of those who defend their systems; it revels in the simplicity of Copernican thought and, above all, it teaches that the movement of the earth makes sense in philosophy, that is, in physics ? The Dialogo, more than any other work, made the heliocentric system a commonplace? (PMM). ?The Dialogo, far more than any work, convinced men of the truth of the Copernican system? (Gingerich). Pope Urban VIII was not persuaded, however, and immediately convened a special commission to examine the book and make recommendations. In casting the Pope as the simple-minded Aristotelian Simplicius, Galileo brought upon himself arrest, trial by the Inquisition and life imprisonment. The sentence was commuted to permanent house arrest, while the printing of any of his works was forbidden. The Dialogo remained on the index until 1832.In August 1597, Galileo wrote to Kepler expressing his sympathies for Copernicanism, having received a copy of the Mysterium cosmographicum (1596) from him. At this time Galileo?s support for Copernicus was Earth-based: Galileo had devised a theory of the tides involving the combined rotational motions of the Earth around its axis and, after Copernicus, around the Sun. Everything changed early in 1610 when Galileo first turned a telescope to the skies. Not only was the moon revealed to be mountainous and the Milky Way to consist of separate stars, contrary to Aristotelian principles, but a host of new fixed stars and four satellites of Jupiter were promptly discovered. Galileo?s account of these discoveries was published in the Sidereus nuncius (Venice, 1610). Galileo saw in the satellites of Jupiter a miniature planetary system in which, as in Copernican astronomy, it could no longer be held that all moving heavenly bodies revolved exclusively about the earth. Galileo first spoke out decisively in print for the Copernican hypothesis in his 1613 work on sunspots, Istoria e dimostrazioni intorno alle macchie solari. During its composition he had taken pains to determine the theological status of the idea of incorruptibility of the heavens, finding that this was regarded by churchmen as an Aristotelian rather than a Catholic dogma. But attacks against Galileo and his followers soon appeared in ecclesiastical quarters. These came to a head with a denunciation from the pulpit in Florence late in 1614. A year later Galileo went to Rome (against the advice of his friends and the Tuscan ambassador) to clear his own name and to prevent, if possible, the official suppression of the teaching of Copernicanism. In the first, he succeeded, but on the second he failed: Galileo was instructed on 26 February 1616 to abandon the holding or defending of that view. No action was taken against him, nor were any of his books suspended. Returning to Florence, Galileo took up less theologically controversial topics, culminating in the publication of Il Saggiatore in 1623. Just before it emerged from the press, Maffeo Barberini became pope as Urban VIII. Galileo journeyed to Rome in 1624 to pay his respects to Urban, and secured from him permission to discuss the Copernican system in a book, provided that the arguments for the Ptolemaic view were given an equal and impartial discussion. Urban refused to rescind the edict of 1616, although he remarked that had it been up to him, the edict would not have been adopted.?The Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems occupied Galileo for the next six years. It has the literary form of a discussion between a spokesman for Copernic. Nº de ref. del artículo: 4377

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Discorsi e Dimostrazioni Matematiche, intorno a due: Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei

Publicado por Appresso gli Elsevirii, Leyden (1638)

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Descripción: Appresso gli Elsevirii, Leyden, 1638. Hardcover. Condición: Very Good. 1st Edition. First edition, and a very fresh and attractive copy of Galileo's last and greatest work, the "Discorsi" ["Discourses on Two New Sciences"] This work is often referred to as "the first modern textbook of physics" and the foundation of modern mechanics. The two new sciences that the book pioneers are the engineering science of strength of materials and the mathematical science of kinematics - the physics of bodies in motion subject to the force of gravity. After centuries of attempts dating back to Aristotle, the elusive holy grail of physics which this book finally addressed was no less than a precise mathematical description of the "law of fall." Galileo's contribution in book two of this volume constituted a necessary precursor for the monumental revelations by Isaac Newton in his own scientific masterwork of 1687, The "Principia." Galileo's "Discorsi" has few superiors in the hierarchy of science's greatest books: Newton's "Principia" is one of those few. This book is bound in contemporary vellum over boards. In very good to near-fine condition throughout, the binding completely sound and the pages fresh and virtually free from noticeable browning or foxing except for a few occasional and small very faint spots which in no way detract from the book. Several contemporary ink notations in margin; two small corner chips in red leather spine label. Collation is verified complete. Housed in a beautifully crafted and handsome green morocco box. Today, it is very difficult to find such a fine example on the market at any price. Nº de ref. del artículo: 000016

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Istoria e dimostrazioni intorno alle macchie solari: GALILEI, Galileo

GALILEI, Galileo

Publicado por Giacomo Mascardi, Rome (1613)

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Descripción: Giacomo Mascardi, Rome, 1613. Softcover. Condición: Good. GALILEO'S DEFENSE OF THE COPERNICAN THEORY, FIRST EDITION 4to, pp. (4), 164, 55, (1), plus folded table. Roman letter, little Italic; device of the Lincei Academy on title, historiated initials and engraved full-page portrait of Galileo at p. 5, 43 full-page engravings of sunspots and of Jovian satellites, several engraved tables and woodcut diagrams in text; light foxing mainly to margins, couple of tiny wormholes to gutter, light damp stain to tail of central gatherings, ink splash on f. Aii. A good copy in contemporary limp vellum, eps renewed ; two minor repairs to head and tail of spine; occasional early underlining; label of David P. Wheatland (1898-1993), founder and curator of the Collection of Historical Scientific Instruments of Harvard on front pastedown. Rare first edition of Galileo’s earliest published endorsement of the Copernican theory, in its most complete variant. Two issues appeared in Rome by Mascardi, one with three additional letters by the Jesuit scientist Christoph Scheiner. Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) was one of the greatest mathematicians and astronomers of all time. His cutting-edge discoveries revolutionised early modern physics and eventually provoked the famous condemnation of the Holy Inquisition. Amongst many other acknowledgements, he was a member of the prestigious Academy of Lincei, a pioneering scientific fellowship established in Rome by Federico Cesi. Galileo wrote the Istoria e dimostrazione in the form of three letters to his fellow academician Marcus Welser of Augsburg, arguing that sunspots appeared on the surface of the sun: they were not tiny satellites, as the traditional Aristotelian interpretation suggested. Based on telescopic observation of their motion, Galileo concluded that the sun rotated on a fixed axis like the Earth and other planets, thus embracing and somehow overstepping Copernicus’s view. In his usual combative tone, he maintained: ‘this planet also, perhaps no less than horned Venus, agrees admirably with the great Copernican system on which propitious winds now universally are seen to blow .’ His further discovery of the Satellites of Jupiter is described and illustrated with 5 plates. The work also includes Galileo's first written account of the phases of Venus and Mercury as well as some considerations on the many puzzling mysteries surrounding Saturn. His circumstantial approval of the Copernican model anticipated many of his later theories and the related political and religious consequences. This issue contains a second part entitled De maculis solaribus tres epistolae, comprising the three letters written to Welser by Christoph Scheiner about 1611. Scheiner was a Jesuit scholar and professor in Ingolstadt, Rome, Vienna and Nyssa. A pugnacious defender of the Ptolemaic system, he was a major antagonist of Galileo. His epistles, in which he states that sunspots are small planets, prompted Galileo to publish his account of his own observations. This was the first of several other debated between the two scholars, involving also the paternity of the discovery of the spots. The two issues of the editio princeps of Istoria e dimostrazioni were published at the same time; apparently, the first was meant to be distributed in Italy (where there would be no copyright dispute on Scheiner’s letters), whereas the second was tailored for export. The edition bears a beautiful engraved portrait of Galileo within architectural border, drawn by the famous artist Francesco Villamena (1564-1624). Two putti are representations of astronomical science: one is measuring with a compass, the other is observing the sky with a telescope. BM STC It. 17th, 373; Cinti, 44; Carli and Favaro, 60; Riccardi, I, 509 (without Schenier’s letters); Waller, 12046; Dawson, 2587 (‘[This issue] is generally considered to be the rarer of the two, and certainly to be preferred, as it gives us the full story of these celebrated discoveries’). Italian. Nº de ref. del artículo: K24

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GALILEI, Galileo

Publicado por Rome Giacomo Mascardi 1623. (1623)

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Descripción: Rome Giacomo Mascardi 1623., 1623. Hardcover. Condición: Very Good. 1st Edition. 4to. [22 x 16.5 cm], (7) ff., including engraved title and portrait of Galileo signed Villamoena, 236 pp. Bound in 19th-century vellum. Excellent. First edition, first issue of an outstanding document in the history of science. The work grew out of the appearance of three comets in the autumn of 1618 and articulate the principal arguments of whether they were atmospheric or celestial phenomena. More importantly, Il Saggiatore is intimately connected with, if indeed it did not originate, the rift between Galileo and the Jesuits which ultimately saw the astronomer imprisoned by the Inquisition after the publication of the Dialogo in 1632. Il Saggiatore is often called Galileo’s "scientific manifesto," and is certainly one of the most celebrated polemics in the history of physical science. It is the first of Galileo’s works written after the Inquisiton’s warning not to propound or defend the Copernican theory, which of course he does, albeit in covert form. The engraved illustrations in Il Saggiatore include some of the earliest published of the rings of Saturn, Mars in inferior and superior conjunction, and the phases of Venus. The work comes in several issues, of which this is the first, with the short errata list correcting 16 errors.* Cinti 73; Riccardi I.511, 628; De Backer-Sommervogel III.1684-86; L’Accademia dei Lincei e la cultura europea nel XVII secolo, 14 (Grassi), 15 (Galileo) and generally pp. 75ff.; Drake & O'Malley, The Controversy of the Comets of 1618, p. vi. Signed by Author(s). Nº de ref. del artículo: 3704

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GALILEI, Galileo

Publicado por Cosimo Giunti, Florence (1612)

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Descripción: Cosimo Giunti, Florence, 1612. Hardcover. Condición: Near Fine. (2) ff, 77 pp, (1), (1) f with printer¿s emblem. Bound with: [GALILEI, Galileo & CASTELLI, Benedetto]. Risposta alle Opposizioni del S. Lodovico delle Colombe, e del S. Vincenzo di Grazia. Florence, Cosimo Giunti, 1615. (1) ff, (2), 319 [ie 335] pp with numerous mispaginations, (5) including printer¿s emblem. Bound in contemporary limp vellum with MS title on spine, ¿Galileo Galilei Opera¿, internally very fresh, an excellent copy in all respects. A remarkable pairing of two Galileana bound together by a contemporary follower of the power struggle between Galileo and the Aristotelians. The second augmented edition of Galileo¿s classic on hydrostatics, published the same year within months of the first edition, represents his first published work in physics (Drake, p. 179). The Discorso is hailed by historians of science as having united for the first time two previously separate disciplines: statics and dynamics, resulting in a new science of mechanics, containing his first published statements on the concept of moment, an abstract concept of physical force which has been shown to have dominated his early physical thinking, and contains several first announcements concerning some of his great astronomical discoveries relating to sunspots, the triple form of Saturn, and the phases of Venus. The present 2nd edition contains significant additional text concerning this important concept. The Risposta, one of the scarcest of Galileo¿s works on the market, contains his lengthy and scathing replies to his critics only a year before his official castigation by the Catholic Church. Two years after the publication of the Sidereus Nuncius which assured his place in the history of science, and after displaying his telescopic discoveries in Rome, Galileo returned to Florence and devoted himself to the study of floating bodies, ¿the real, intrinsic and total cause why some bodies float and others sink.¿ In the Discorso, Galileo supports Archimedes and opposes Aristotle on the behavior of bodies in water, arguing that the reason some solids sink is the excess of their weight over the weight of water. Employing the concept of moment¿ ¿the force with which the mover moves and the floating body resists¿ ¿and the principle of virtual velocities, Galileo far surpasses the hydrostatic considerations of Archimedes: ¿The new method enables Galileo to unify statics and dynamics into a new science of mechanics which became the foundation of modern physics¿ (Rose, The Italian Renaissance of Mathematics, p. 287). As noted above, the second edition may be distinguished from the first by the additional material contained therein; notably, Galileo drew attention to these additions by printing them in Roman type rather than Italic. Among these additions are Galileo¿s first announcements of the Sun¿s rotation period, his announcements of sunspots, and his discovery of the ¿horns¿ of Saturn. Nº de ref. del artículo: 5083

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Dialogo . . . massimi sistemi del: Galileo

Galileo

Publicado por Gio. Battista Landini, Florence (1632)

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Descripción: Gio. Battista Landini, Florence, 1632. Galilei, Galileo (1564-1642). (1) Dialogo di Galileo Galilei Linceo . . . sopra i due massimi sistemi del mondo Tolemaico, e Copernicano. [8], 458, [32]pp. Woodcut text illustrations. Lacking engraved frontispiece and final blank. Florence: Gio. Battista Landini, 1632. (2) Le operazioni del compasso geometrico et militare. Terza edizione. [8], 80pp. Folding engraved plate, woodcut text illustrations. Padua: Paolo Frambotto, 1649. Together 2 works in 1, 4to. 222 x 160 mm. Late 19th or early 20th century vellum, gilt-lettered spine label; front free endpaper lacking. Minor dampstaining in the Dialogo, with small marginal tear in one leaf neatly mended. Very good, crisp copies. Bookplate (dated 1894) of the Durham Cathedral Library. (1) First Edition. Eight years after Pope Paul V had forbidden him to teach Copernican theory, Galileo received permission from a new Pope, Urban VIII, to discuss Copernican astronomy in a book, so long as that book provided equal and impartial discussions of the Church-approved Ptolemaic system. Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems held to the letter of this command: the device of the dialogue, between a spokesman for Copernicus, one for Ptolemy and Aristotle, and an educated layman, allowed Galileo to remain technically uncommitted. After the book's publication, however, Urban took offense at what he felt to be its jibes against himself and ordered Galileo to be tried by the Inquisition in Rome. Galileo was sentenced to permanent house arrest and forced to abjure all Copernican "heresy." The Dialogo was suppressed by the Church five months after its publication and formally condemned in June 1633; the work was placed on the Index librorum prohibitorum, where it remained until 1835. "In 1615 [Galileo] was officially silenced as regards the truth of astronomy. The Dialogo was designed both as an appeal to the great public and as an escape from silence. In the form of an open discussion between three friends-intellectually speaking, a radical, a conservative, and an agnostic-it is a masterly polemic for the new science. It displays all the great discoveries in the heavens which the ancients had ignored; it inveighs against the sterility, willfulness, and ignorance of those who defend their systems; it revels in the simplicity of Copernican thought and, above all, it teaches that the movement of the earth makes sense in philosophy, that is in physics. Astronomy and the science of motion, rightly understood, says Galileo, are hand in glove. There is no need to fear that the earth's rotation will cause it to fly to pieces. So Galileo picked up one thread that led straight to Newton. The Dialogo, far more than any other work, made the heliocentric system a commonplace" (Printing and the Mind of Man). Carli & Favaro, Bibliografia Galileiana, 128. Cinti, Biblioteca Galileiana, 89. Dibner, Heralds of Science, 8. Horblit 18c. Norman 858. Printing and the Mind of Man 128. (2) Third edition. Galileo's proportional compass, which he began manufacturing in 1597, was the most useful and successful calculating instrument until the invention of the slide rule in the mid-nineteenth century. In 1606 Galileo issued his Operazioni del compasso containing instructions on how to use the device; this first edition is a legendary rarity, as it was privately printed in an edition of only 60 copies. A second edition, with a small plate illustrating the compass, was published in 1640. The third edition is an exact reprint of the 1640 edition, but with a significantly larger plate. Carli & Favaro, Bibliografia Galileiana, 228. Cinti, Biblioteca Galileiana, 122. Nº de ref. del artículo: 41431

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Discorso delle Comete di Mario Guiducci fatto: GALILEI, Galileo]

GALILEI, Galileo]

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Descripción: Woodcut device of the Medicean stars on title & two woodcut diagrams in the text. 2 p.l., 54 pp., one blank leaf. Small 4to, late 19th-cent. green diced morocco, arms of the House of Visconti in gilt within a richly decorated border, spine richly gilt, a.e.g. Florence: P. Cecconcelli, 1619. First edition and a very fine copy. Although published under the name of his pupil and assistant Mario Guiducci (1585-1646), the present book is actually the work of Galileo (the autograph manuscript survives). It is a concealed reply to the attack of the Jesuit Orazio Grassi's De Tribus Cometis, published earlier in the same year, and marks the beginning of Galileo's long controversy with Scheiner and the other Jesuit astronomers over the comet of 1618. The dispute continued for several years and resulted in Galileo's scientific manifesto Il Saggiatore (1623) which contains his most important ideas on the philosophy of scientific investigation. In addition to a description of the comets of 1618, Galileo discusses the satellites of Jupiter, the uses of the telescope, fixed stars not visible to the naked eye, etc. ? Carli & Favaro 80. Cinti 63. Nº de ref. del artículo: 5480

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Manuscript of his 'Letter to Christina' 1615,: GALILEI, Galileo

GALILEI, Galileo

Publicado por [Florence, Palazzo Strozzi, second half of the seventeenth century] (1680)

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Descripción: [Florence, Palazzo Strozzi, second half of the seventeenth century], 1680. 4to (258 x 198 mm), ff [30, foliated 25-54], in a fine scribal hand, brown ink on paper; second work in a volume with eight other manuscript texts in different hands (foliated [2] 1-285), general title 'Materie Varie' with Strozzi arms, some general browning, some restoration as a result of ink corrosion or water damage to some of the documents (but not affecting the Galileo), uncut in recent vellum.A manuscript version (containing variants of the text) of Galileo's celebrated 'Letter to Christina' of Lorraine (1565-1637), Grand Duchess of Tuscany, which was written in 1615 but not published until 1636 in Strasbourg. This is a work that circulated widely in manuscript, and it was via manuscript copies such as the above that some of Galileo's most controversial ideas about Copernicanism and the relationship between Scripture and science were disseminated. These manuscript versions contain textual variants that distinguish them from the printed text.The Letter is a 'superb manifesto of the freedom of thought . Its purpose was to silence all theological objections to Copernicus. Its result was the precise opposite: it became the principal cause of the prohibition of Copernicus, and of Galileo's downfall' (Koestler). Galileo in it Galileo upholds the primacy of science and argues for its freedom from theological interference. He boldly asserts that scientific truth has priority over theology when it comes to accounting for the natural world: 'Scripture teaches us how to go to heaven but not how the heavens go'. The work concludes with an unequivocal argument for the truth of the Copernican system. The ideas expressed were instrumental in the Inquisition's prosecution of Galileo and condemnation of Copernicanism. It was finally published outside Italy by Matthias Bernegger, who made an accompanying Latin translation. This publication was condemned by the Holy Office and its distribution in Catholic countries forbidden.'In December 1613 theological objections to Copernicanism were raised, in Galileo's absence, at a court dinner, where Galileo's part was upheld by Benedetto Castelli. Learning of this, Galileo wrote a long letter to Castelli concerning the inadmissibility of theological interference in purely scientific questions. After the public denunciation [of Galileo] in 1614, Castelli showed this letter to an influential Dominican priest, who made a copy of it and sent it to the Roman Inquisition for investigation. Galileo then promptly sent an authoritative text of the letter to Rome and began its expansion into the Letter to Christina, composed in 1615 and eventually published in 1636. Galileo argued that neither the Bible nor nature could speak falsely and that the investigation of nature was the province of the scientist, while the reconciliation of scientific facts with the language of the Bible was that of the theologian' (Stillman Drake in DSB).This work brought to a head the confrontation between Copernicanism and the dogmas of the Church. In 1616 'Nicolaus Copernicus's On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres is, for the first time, placed on the Index of forbidden books by the Catholic church, which forbids, in particular, the teaching of a sun-centered universe. Galileo Galilei is summoned before the Inquisition for teaching the sun-centered theory and for suggesting that it is not the Scriptures but misinterpretations of them which have led to the supposition that the Bible confirms the geocentric theory. Galileo is dismissed with a warning to stop supporting the Copernican viewpoint' (Parkinson Breakthroughs).From 1615 on the work circulated in manuscript copies, such as the present one, as it was too controversial and dangerous to publish. These copies were quasi-public editions, made to advance Galileo's cause, and as part of his campaign to influence leading theologians to support the Copernican system.Antonio Favaro, the editor of Galileo's works for the National Edition (1890-1909), analysed thirty-four manus. Nº de ref. del artículo: 3663

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Newe geometrische und perspectivische Inventiones etlicher sonderbahrer: FAULHABER, Johann [GALILEI,

FAULHABER, Johann [GALILEI, Galileo]

Publicado por Frankfurt am Main, Wolffgang Richter and Anthonius Humm, 1610 (1610)

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Descripción: Frankfurt am Main, Wolffgang Richter and Anthonius Humm, 1610, 1610. Hardcover. Condición: Very Good. No Jacket. 4to (193 x 148 mm), pp 38 [2, blank], with engraved title, half-page engraved arms on dedication, and three engravings, lettered A-C in the text (first two being half-page and the third full-page), and 3 folding engraved plates; some slight waterstaining to pp 19-33, small repaired tear to one plate, a very good copy in quarter tan calf and pasteboards, title in gilt on spine, red sprinkled edges.First edition, containing the first published illustrations of Galileo's proportional compass, of this illustrated treatise on instrument making by the Ulm mathematician and military architect Johann Faulhaber (1580-1635). This work is principally important in the history of science and technology for its engraved technical illustrations of Galileo Galilei's famous 'proportional compass' - the first such illustrations to appear in print - and for its revealing anecdote about of how Faulhaber came to learn of the instrument and of its inventor, 'Gallileus de Gallilei Professor zu Padua'. This device - more accurately described as 'Galileo's Sector' to distinguish it from the various 'compasses' which appeared in the late sixteenth century - has been called the forerunner of the pocket computer, and so revolutionary was its utility that it 'suddenly made it possible for nearly everyone to deal effectively with almost any [mathematical] problem arising in practical matters by following rather simple instructions' (Drake, p 10). Galileo invented his remarkably useful instrument around 1596, calling it the geometrical and military compass. The device bears nine sets of lines or scales for calculating square and cube roots, determining interest rates, making monetary exchanges, squaring the circle, performing trigonometric calculations for surveying, and determining specific weights of metals and stones (essential for artillery). Galileo first described this instrument in 1606 in a privately printed user's guide La Operazione del Compasso. (printed in only 60 copies in his house) to accompany the instrument but without illustrating it so as to minimize the risk of piracy, a serious and chronic problem for him at the time. In the present work, Faulhaber explicitly credits Galileo with being the instrument's first inventor ('and not I'), and illustrates the two sides of the proportional compass for the first time in print, on separate folding plates, with his calibrations stressing its mercantile qualities with adjustments for the measuring standards of Ulm. He includes a summary of the instrument's wider uses and marvels at its flexibility, noting that his good friend, the excellent painter Georg Brentel of Lauingen (1581-1634) has already devised a way to use it for recalibrating sundials (Brentel would publish on Galileo's invention in 1614).The Galileo scholar Stillman Drake tells us that Faulhaber's text relates (p 27) 'that his acquaintance with [the instrument] dated from a visit paid to him (probably in 1603) by Mathias Bernegger en route from Austria to Strassburg. Faulhaber had recognized the value of the instrument, although he considered some of its scales less useful than others that he put in their places. He said further that before publishing he had made careful inquiries to determine the name of the original inventor and had learned that this was Galileo Galilei, professor of mathematics at Padua. Because Bernegger seems never to have visited Italy, it is probable that he had seen the silver example of the instrument sent by Galileo to the Archduke of Austria and in that way knew of its inventor. Faulhaber's inquiries were probably made because of other claimants who appeared in the meanwhile' (Drake, p 26), professing to be the author and/or maker of Galileo's remarkable device. In two further sections of the present volume, Faulhaber discusses his improvements to several (non-Galilean) instruments used in the accurate construction of pictorial perspective and presents a secret invention (newe geheime Invention) for land sur. Nº de ref. del artículo: 4007

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Risposta alle opposizioni del S. Lodovico delle: GALILEI, Galileo and

GALILEI, Galileo and Benedetto CASTELLI]

Publicado por Florence, Cosimo Giunta, 1615 (1615)

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Descripción: Florence, Cosimo Giunta, 1615, 1615. 4to (207 x 148 mm), pp [iv] 335 [5], with printer's device on title and larger version on colophon leaf; a few ink spots on p 1, title and last leaf strengthened on inner margin, some occasional slight spotting, a very good, unpressed copy recased in early velum.First edition of Galileo's principal work on the physics of floating bodies, complete with the additional leaf of errata and the colophon leaf, missing from many copies. It also contains some of Galileo's earliest published ideas on the the science of motion. In common with several of his polemics of this period, it appeared under the name of a colleague, in this case his pupil and friend Castelli. Galileo's own manuscript draft is in the BNCF. This work was written as a reply to attacks by Colombe and Grazia on Galileo's 1612 treatise Discorso . intorno alle cose che stanno in su l'acqua, 'in support of Archimedes and against Aristotle, of which two editions appeared in 1612. Using the concept of moment and the principle of virtual velocities, Galileo extended the scope of the Archimedian work beyond purely hydrostatic considerations' (DSB).Like the Discorso, the Risposta 'is distinguished among works of its time by its repeated recourse to observational and experimental data in opposition to philosophical doctrines. Moreover, the experiments proposed require no elaborate equipment and no technique beyond reasonable patience and care' (Drake, Galileo Galilei; Discourse on Bodies in Water, p xii).'Di Grazia [had] declared that all Galileo's demonstrations were founded on false principles (as Descartes was to say later of Galileo's last book); Galileo replied that he had employed only two principles . 1) that equal weights moved with equal speed are of like power in their effects, and 2) that greater heaviness of one body could be offset by greater speed of another' (Drake, Galileo at Work p 220). The Risposta also contains a remarkable statement on page 62 to the effect that it is impossible to understand Copernicus without agreeing with him.This copy contains the rare two additional leaves completing the errata and giving the registration and printer's device, not recorded by Cinti.Cinti 5; Carli and Favaro 66; Riccardi I 289; Roberts and Trent p 126. Nº de ref. del artículo: 4035

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Tractatus de proportionum instrumento, quod merito compendium: GALILEI, Galileo and
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Descripción: Strasbourg, David Hautt, 1635, 1635. 4to (189 x 142 mm), pp [viii] 104, with woodcut depicting the compass on title, several woodcut diagrams in text, and large folding engraved plate of the compass; some heavy browning, mostly marginal, to final gatherings and on the plate, otherwise a very nice, untouched copy in contemporary vellum.Second issue of the second edition, first Latin edition and the first illustrated edition, of Galileo's first publication, his treatise on the Galilean compass (Le Operazioni del Compasso Geometrico, Padua 1606). This work was translated by Matthias Bernegger into Latin, who added an extensive section (pp 55-104), with its own half title, explaining in greater detail the construction and use of the compass. This was published in 1612, and included a large engraved plate (Galileo's own publication left the instrument undescribed and unillustrated, for commercial reasons). The present issue comprises the original sheets and plate of the 1612 edition, with the title and dedications leaves reprinted.Bernegger 'added a series of notes that almost doubled the length of the work. These additional notes provided tables of the linear distance from the hinge to the various marks on the sector lines - something that Galileo never published in order to prevent others from making the instrument' (Tomash and Williams I p 497). The half-title that begins Bernegger's contributions is titled In tractatum de proportionum instrumento, notationes Mathiae Berneggeri: quibus 1. Instrumenti artificiosa constructio atque divisio doceture e fundamentis geometricis: 2. Demonstrationes ac fundamenta singulorum problematum Galilaeicorum traduntur: 3. Usus ulterior in resolvendis Euclideis & aliis problematibus compuribus ostenditur.Matthias Bernegger (1582-1640) was a professor of mathematics at Strasbourg, friend of Kepler, and translator of Galileo's Dialogo into Latin (1635).Galileo's 'geometric and military compass', analogous in some respects to a slide rule but much simpler in operation, was the first mechanical calculating device which could be applied to a variety of complex problems. 'By the beginning of 1599 Galileo had developed in into a general-purpose mechanical calculator capable of solving any practical mathematical problem that was likely to arise - swiftly, simply, without requiring previous mathematical education, and sufficiently accurately for ordinary practical purposes.'No previously known instrument had accomplished anything quite like that. Something of the importance to society of such an invention as Galileo's can be grasped from the modern introduction of the pocket electronic computer' (Stillman Drake, Galileo Galilei: Operations of the Geometric and Military Compass).Carli and Favaro 147; Macclesfield 862 (cropped and lacking plate); Tomash and Williams G18. Nº de ref. del artículo: 4008

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GALILEI, Galileo

Publicado por Bologna (1655)

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Descripción: Bologna, 1655. Hardcover. Condición: Near Fine. 2 volumes. I: (14) ff., 48, 48 pp., (4) ff., 160 pp., (2) ff., 68, 127 pp., (2) ff., 264, 43 pp., including allegorical frontispiece signed Stefano della Bella, Villamoena portrait of Galileo, and folding engraved plate of military compass. II: (1) f., 60 pp., (8) ff., 104 pp., (2) ff., 105-156, 48 pp., (4) ff., 179, (1) pp., (1) ff., 53-106 pp., (1) f., 103-126 pp., (4) ff., 238 [i.e., 242] pp., (3) ff. Woodcut initials and diagrams. Bound in contemporary vellum, title written in ink on spine and on lower edges; usual mild discoloration and light foxing on scattered leaves; several quires browned as usual. Generally a fine, wide-margined and fresh copy. First collected edition of Galileo's works, appearing only a year after his death and of great interest for his 17th-century reception: this was the edition in which Newton and later eminent scientists read their Galileo. Included here are not only most of the seminal pieces written and published over a lifetime, including the Starry Messenger of 1610, the first work of modern observational astronomy, but additional publications and letters by both supporters and antagonists. Together in one work they offer a veritable panorama of scientific activity in Italy during the first half of the seventeenth century, and are critical for the history of the formation of Galileo's text. The Opera contains many unpublished or little-known items provided to the editors by Vincenzo Viviani, Galileo's friend and disciple. Among them are a number of Galileo's hitherto unpublished letters and experiments and the La Bilancetta, his first scientific work, written in 1586. Both the Dialogo and the letter to Christina di Lorena were censored and are, therefore, omitted. A contemporary hand noted on the final flyleaf of Vol. 2, "La lettura de discorsi legati insieme è interdetta" ("The reading of the discourses bound together is forbidden."). * Cinti 132; Riccardi I.518-19. Nº de ref. del artículo: 3811

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Opere di Galileo Galilei linceo nobile fiorentino,: GALILEI, Galileo.

Descripción: Heredi del Dozza 1655-56, Bologna, 1655. First collected edition of the works of Galileo, edited by Carlo Manolessi, and appearing only a year after his death. This was the edition in which Newton and his later contemporaries read their Galileo. The volumes contain not only most of the major works written and published over his lifetime, but also substantial unpublished material, both by Galileo himself as well as by his supporters and critics. Many of these items were provided to the editor by Vincenzo Viviani, Galileo’s friend and disciple, including a number of Galileo’s hitherto unpublished letters and experiments and La Bilancetta, his first scientific work, written in 1586. The Dialogo was of course on the Index and was not included in editions of the Opere until 1744. A feature of this edition is that each work has its own separate title page, imprint and pagination, which has resulted in several copies being broken up, the individual tracts being sold individually. Carlo & Favaro 251; Cinti 132; Riccardi I 518-9. 2 vols., 4to (228 x 167 mm), contemporary flexible vellum, fully complete I: pp. [28], 48, 48, [8], 160, [4], 68, 127, [4], 264, 43, including allegorical frontispiece signed Stefano della Bella, engraved portrait of Galileo by Villamoena, and with large folding plate of proportional compass; II: pp. [2], 60, [16], 104, [4], 105-156, 48, [8], 179, [1], [2], 53-106, [2], 103-126, [8], 238 (i.e. 242), [6]. Numerous woodcut diagrams in text (collates as in Cinti, Bibliotheca Galileiana). Some scattered browning to various quires (as usual), light damp stain in the beginning of volume 2, but in general a very good and unsophistaced copy. Nº de ref. del artículo: 3097

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Opere, divise in quattro tomi, in questa: GALILEI, Galileo.

GALILEI, Galileo.

Publicado por Padua: Gio. Manfre, 1744 (1744)

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Descripción: Padua: Gio. Manfre, 1744, 1744. Four volumes, quarto (268 x 195 mm). Uncut in contemporary drab boards ("carta rustica"), paper spine labels added at a later date, preserved in two black morocco backed cloth boxes. Short tear to rear joint of volume I, occasional light marginal damp marking and dust soiling, a few short marginal tears, a tiny work track across one line of the final leaf of volume III; a very good copy in original condition. Engraved portrait frontispiece by Zucchi to vol. I, engraved printer's device on titles, head- and tailpieces, with numerous woodcut initials, engravings and figures in the text, and 2 plates, one folding. First complete collected edition of Galileo's works, the third overall, and the first to include the Dialogo, along with other material published here for the first time. Galilei's Opere, first published in two volumes in 1656 in Bologna by Carlo Manolessi, was reprinted with some revision and the addition of a third volume in 1718 in Florence by Tommasso Bonaventure, assisted by Guido Grandi and Benedetto Bresciani. This third edition, edited and annotated by Giuseppe Toaldo, includes for the first time, added as the fourth volume, Galilei's Dialogo sopra i due massimi sistemi. New to this edition are the Trattato del modo di misurare con la vista, Ventitrè lettere a diversi, delle quali sedici al Micanzio e tre al Gualdo, Problemi vari e pensieri vari, and the Dialogo. Cinti 176; Carli and Favaro 478; Houzeau and Lancaster 3386; Riccardi I/1 522 22 ("molto più completa ed ordinata delle due precedenti"). Nº de ref. del artículo: 109916

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Opere. In questa nuova editione insieme raccolte,: GALILEI, Galileo

GALILEI, Galileo

Publicado por Evangelista Dozza, Bologna (1655)

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Descripción: Evangelista Dozza, Bologna, 1655. Hardcover. Condición: Near Fine. 1st Edition. 1655-1656. 4to (228x165 mm); [22], 29-32, [2], 1-48; [8], 1-160; [4], 1-68; [2] 3-48; [2] 3-43 [1]; [2] 3-264 pp. [2], [1] 2-48; [2] 3-60; [2], 53-106; [2], 103-126; [3] 4-7 [1], 1-105, [3], 105-156; [4], 1-127 [1]; [8], 1-179 [1]; [8], 1-238 [i.e. 242], [6] pp. Including half-titles, allegorical frontispiece by Stefano Della Bella, engraved portrait of Galileo by F. Villamoena, double-page engraved plate, numerous woodcut illustrations and diagrams in text. Without the first blank in second volume. Paper repairs of a few mm to upper margin of some leaves and repaired tear to inner gutter of portrait (without loss) in first volume; second volume with tear and small hole in O2 affecting one letter and with paper restoration to torn lower corners of F2, T2 and V2 not affecting text, very little occasional spotting and light age-toning. Contemporary full vellum with title in manuscript to spines (spine browned, boards spotted and soiled, some wear to extremities, repair to inner hinges with new endpapers laid down to inner boards, some leaves reinforced at gutter). Illegible ownership inscriptions to title of first volume and half title of second volume. A fine, clean copy with ample margins in original binding. Complete set of all 17 works as called for by Cinti. ---- Cinti 132; Riccardi I, 518; Houzeau -Lancaster I, 3386; Honeyman 1418; Roller -G. I, 433; Wellcome III, 83. First and rare edition of Galileo's collected works, edited by Carlo Manolessi and dedicated to Grand Duke Ferdinand II. According to Riccardi it contains a number of pieces here published for the first time. Most of these are letters to various friends and opponents, discussing questions raised by his published works. Both The Dialogo and Letter to Christiana are listed on the index 'librorum prohibitorum' and were thus not included in the Opere. Copies as here with all parts listed by Cinti, are very rare, because the first buyer arranged the selection of parts as he desired. Content: Vol. 1: 1. Lettera di Maffeo Barberini sequita dalla Advlatio perniciosa; Le operationi, del compasso geometrico e militare di Galileo Galilei; 2. Usus et fabrica circini cuiusdam proportionis, per quem omnia . problemata facili negotio resoluuntur. Ppera et studio Balthasaris Capre. explicata; 3. Difesa di Galileo Galilei. Contro alle calunie & imposture di Baldessar Capra.; 4. Discorso. intorno alle cose, che stanno su? l'acqua, o? che in quella si muouono. Di Galileo Galilei.; 5. Annotationi di Mattia Bernaggeri [sic] soptr ?nstrumento delle proportioni del sig. Galileo Galilei; 6. Della scienza mechanic . o[n]pera del signor Galileo Galilei . La bilancetta del signore Galileo Galilei.; 7. Discorso apologetico di Lodovico dell Colombe, d'intorno al Discorso del 5. Galileo Gallei, circa le cose, che stanno su? l'acqua. Vol. 2: 8. De tribus cometis anni M. DC. XVIII, disputatio astronomica.; 9. Discorso delle comete di Mario Guiducci; 10. Sydereus nuncius magna, longeque admirabilia specula pandens.; 11. Continuatione del Nuntio sidereo di Galileo Galilei linceo.; 12. Lettera al. Tarquinio Galluzzi, di Mario Guiducci.; 13. Lettere del sig. Galileo Galilei al padre Christoforo Grienberger,.; 14. Istoria e dimostrationi intorno alle macchie solari e loro accidenti.; 15. Risposta alle oppositioni del sig. Lodovico delle Columbe e del sig. Vincenzo di Gratia, contro al trattato del. sig. Galileo, Galelei, dell cose che stanno su? l'acqua.; 16. Il Saggiatore. dal signor Galileo Galilei; Discorsi e Dimostrationi matematiche.; 17. Discorsi, e dimostrationi matematiche . del signor Galileo. Nº de ref. del artículo: 001999

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Opere di Galileo Galilei: Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei

Publicado por HH.del Dozza, Bologna (1655)

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Descripción: HH.del Dozza, Bologna, 1655. Hardcover. Condición: Near Fine. 1st Edition. 2 vols. 4to (230 x 165 mm). First edition of the collected works of Galileo Galilei, published by HH.del Dozza, 1655/56. Collation as in Cinti, with engraved frontispiece by Della Bella, engraved portrait by Villamena, large folding engraved plate of the Galilean geometric compass, and numerous woodcut illustrations in text. In all, seventeen works of Galileo including the Discorsi and Sidereus Nuncius. Galileo's Dialogo and Letter to Christina are not included, being on the index of banned books. Some scattered light browning to several gatherings (as inevitable with this book). Overall, a very attractive set bound in contemporary Italian limp vellum and in exemplary, very sound original condition. Nº de ref. del artículo: 000014

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1744 1ed COMPLETE Works of GALILEO Galilei: Galileo Galilei; Giuseppe

Galileo Galilei; Giuseppe Toaldo

Publicado por Padova : nella stamp. del Seminario, appresso G. Manfre, 1744. (1744)

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Descripción: Padova : nella stamp. del Seminario, appresso G. Manfre, 1744., 1744. Hardcover. Condición: Near Fine. 1st Edition. 1744 1ed COMPLETE Works of GALILEO Galilei Italian Astronomy Illustrated 4v SET first to include the Dialogo / RARE compare@$20,000+ Third collected edition of Galileo's works, the first complete, and the first to include the Dialogo, along with other material published here for the first time. This third edition, edited and annotated by Giuseppe Toaldo, includes for the first time, added as the fourth volume. Galileo Galilei (1564 – 1642), was an Italian astronomer, physicist, engineer, philosopher, and mathematician who played a major role in the scientific revolution during the Renaissance. Galileo has been called the "father of observational astronomy", the "father of modern physics", and the "father of science". We find this same incredible set for sale elsewhere for $19,300! Main author: Galileo Galilei; Giuseppe Toaldo Title: Opere di Galileo Galilei, divise in quattro tomi, in questa nuova edizione accresciute di molte cose inedite. Published: Padova : nella stamp. del Seminario, appresso G. Manfre, 1744. Language: Italian Notes & content: • 1st edition with fourth volume o 3rd edition based on original 1656 edition • 4 volume set, complete • Beautiful vellum binding • Engraved portrait frontispiece by Zucchi, volume I + folding engraving • Engraved printer’s device on other volumes • COMPLETE with Signatures: v. 1: pi A-4S 4T²; v. 2: pi² A-4A 4B²; v. 3: pi² A-3O 3P² ('3P1' + 3P1); v. 4: a A-2V • COMPLETE with Pagination: v. 1: [8], lxxxviii, [4], 601, [1] pages, [2] leaves of plates (1 folded); v. 2: [4], 564 pages, [1] leaf of plates (a table); v. 3: [4], 486 pages; v. 4: [8], 342, [2] pages. FREE SHIPPING WORLDWIDE Wear: wear as seen in photos Binding: tight and secure vellum binding Pages: collated and entirely complete with all pages Publisher: Padova : nella stamp. del Seminario, appresso G. Manfre, 1744. Size: ~10in X 7.25in (25.5cm x 18cm) FREE SHIPPING WORLDWIDE Shipping: Very Fast. Very Safe. Free Shipping Worldwide. Satisfaction Guarantee: Customer satisfaction is our first priority. Notify us within 7 days of receiving your item and we will offer a full refund guarantee without reservation. $15,000 Photos available upon request. Nº de ref. del artículo: ABE-1468699984401

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Le operazioni del compasso geometrico et militare: GALILEI, Galileo

GALILEI, Galileo

Publicado por Padua, Paolo Frambotti, 1649 (1649)

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Descripción: Padua, Paolo Frambotti, 1649, 1649. 4to (235 x 172 mm), pp [viii] 80, with large folding engraved plate and several geometrical diagrams in text; a fine, crisp, unpressed, and uncut copy in contemporary carta rustica.A superlative copy of the scarce third edition of Le Operazioni del Compasso Geometrico, containing an enlarged illustration of Galileo's sector for measuring and swiftly computing distances and mathematical problems. The original edition, published in 1606 and Galileo's first printed book of significance, did not contain an illustration of his 'proportional compass', probably because of the likelihood that it would be pirated.About 1596 Galileo invented a remarkably useful instrument, the geometrical and military compass. The device, a sort of primitive analogue computer, bears nine sets of lines or scales for calculating cube roots, square roots, interest rates, circle squaring, etc. Its object was to greatly reduce computations in the measurement of distance, as well as to extract roots and perform other mathematical functions 'on the fly'. It required three fundamental operations: setting the separation of the arms; taking the distance from the pivot to a point along one of its scales; and taking the crosswise distance between a point and the corresponding point on the other arm.Galileo envisaged his instrument as of use in both civil surveying and military fortification, and it was deliberately published in the Tuscan vernacular for the benefit of both audiences. The sector was particularly useful in 'measurement by sight' applications (described on pp 62-80), allowing the user to compute heights and distances on the same instrument he used to sight them with. 'One of the immediate consequences was that topographical surveying and mapping of terrain became possible for anyone interested, no longer requiring trained specialists' (Drake).The instrument proved to be much in demand, and the inventor established a workshop in his own house at Padova for its manufacture. As is well documented, the 'compass' was copied and plagiarized by others, notably one Baldassare Capra, and in 1606 Galileo published Le Operazioni del Compasso to vindicate his claim to the invention by describing its construction and use. This was his first significant work to appear in print and is very rare. Only 60 copies of this first edition were printed and probably only a dozen or so have survived.It should be noted that Galileo's 'compass', now called the sector, has been manufactured from Galileo's day right up to the present time. No previously known device had accomplished anything quite like it, although mechanical aids to calculation had appeared earlier in various forms. Something of the importance to society of such an invention as Galileo's, noted Stillman Drake, can be grasped from the modern introduction of the pocket electronic computer. It completely revolutionized the way people, from princes to land surveyors, calculated complex mathematical problems without pencil and paper and, in so doing, democratized practical mathematics.Riccardi's editions of 1619 and 1641 would appear to be ghosts; I cannot find any other record of them. Cinti states that the plate mark in the 1640 second edition, the first appearance of the illustration, measured 119 x 345 cm to the plate mark, but I can find no evidence of this. It is probably a setting error, because the true dimensions should be 228/9 x 340 mm according to copies I have checked. The plate mark in the 1649 edition measures ca 25 x 36.3 cm so the two are clearly different, unless the original plate had been cut. Also Cinti mentions a 'n.1' engraved in the margin, but the plate in this copy is not numbered. Carli and Favaro 228; Cinti 122; Tomash and Williams G13; cf also Drake's translation with foreword and notes (Smithsonian Institution Press, 1978). Nº de ref. del artículo: 3771

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Systema cosmicum: in quo dialogis IV. de: Galilei, Galileo

Galilei, Galileo

Publicado por [Lyon]: Ioan Antonii Huguetan (1641)

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Descripción: [Lyon]: Ioan Antonii Huguetan, 1641. Hard Cover. Condición: Very Good. Illustrated with an engraved title page, engraved portrait of Galileo, and numerous in-text woodcuts. Second Latin edition. Bound in early speckled brown sheep and tan speckled boards, with four raised bands to the spine, lettered in gilt, all edges speckled red. Very good, rebacked preserving the original spine, spine rubbed, small repair to the margin of the verso of leaf Z3, small wormhole through the first 36 pages, some scattered red underlining, offsetting to the pastedowns, some light spotting to the page edges, former owner's 18th century inscription to the front endpaper, otherwise very clean pages. A very clean and sturdy copy, published during the author's lifetime. Systema cosmicum (Cosmic System) is the Latin translation of Galileo's comparative analysis of the Copernican and Ptolemaic theories of the solar system in which he uses his incorrect understanding of the ocean tides to support Copernicus' argument for a heliocentric system. This text was first published in Italian in 1632 under the title Dialogo sopra i due massimi sistemi del mondo (Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems); although Latin was then the primary language for scholarly writings, Galileo wrote in Italian so that his book could be read by a wide audience that extended beyond the realm of academia. Because of the Catholic Church's mandate that the Copernican system could only be discussed as theory, Galileo couched his argument in the form of a dialogue between two philosophers and a layman. Still, the publication of Systema Cosmicum was a major factor in the Roman Inquisition's trial of Galileo and its subsequent order for the house arrest that he would be confined to for the remainder of his life. System Cosmicum was not removed from the Vatican's list of banned books until nearly 200 years after its initial publication. PMM 261. Nº de ref. del artículo: GAG001

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Descrizzione della barriera, e della mascherata, fatte: GALILEI, Galileo] VILLIFRANCHI,

GALILEI, Galileo] VILLIFRANCHI, Giovanni

Publicado por Florence, Bartolomeo Sermartelli and brothers, 1613 (1613)

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Descripción: Florence, Bartolomeo Sermartelli and brothers, 1613, 1613. 4to (212 x 150 mm), pp [iv] 112, with large woodcut printer's ornament on title; a fine, crisp copy in contemporary vellum, lettered in gilt on an orange ground on spine, blue edges.First edition of this account of a Medici court masque in which Galileo's discoveries of the satellites of Jupiter are heralded and the satellites appear as characters on stage. Villifranchi reports on the Medici festivities organized for the Carnival of 1612. On p 32 Galileo Galilei is celebrated for his 'marvellous telescope' and discovery of the satellites of Jupiter; these were staged for the first time in the allegorical representation of the planet: 'E piu a basso tra le nuvole apparivano le Quattro Stelle erranti intorno a Giovee, ritrovate dal Signor Galilei Galilei Fiorentino, Mathematica di Sua Altezza ingegno rarissimo, e singolare a tempi nostril per opera del maraviglioso Occhiale ?'This work 'includes verse by G.A. Cicognini for the Comparsa de' Cavalieri delle Stelle Medicee (pp 31-48)' (Harvard catalogue).'Although Galileo was not successful in his first attempts to tie the court writers to his wagon, the Medicean stars eventually became an integral part of the discourse of the court. The medal celebrating Galileo's discovery of the satellites was eventually struck. Jupiter sitting on a cloud with the four stars circling about him was presented as an emblem of Cosimo II, whose effigy occupied the other side of the medal. The stars were represented in sonnets, in theatrical machines, in operas, in medals, and in frescoes celebrating the divine pedigree of the house of Medici. We encounter them again in the most important court spectacle of the carnival of 1613 [i.e. 1612] - the barriera of 17 February. It began at two o'clock Florentine time in the theater of the Pitti Palace in front of a selected courtly audience. After a virtuoso display of spectacular theatrical machines and effects designed by the court engineer Giulo Parigi, the spectacle deployed its mythological plot. Cupid set his own realm over Tuscany, inaugurating a Golden Age, but peace was soon threatened. Cupid and his knights (six court pages) were faced by a monstrous dragon spitting flames and smoke and twelve Furies led by Nemesis. Although the dragon, Nemesis, and the Furies were eventually made to disappear into a trap conveniently connected to hell, Cupid and Tuscany were not safe yet. Sdegno Amoroso (Disdain of Love) and his five ferocious and barbarous looking "Egyptian knights" jumped on stage from the hellmouth. A new tilt began, but peace and Tuscany's Golden Age were quickly re-established by divine (Cosimo I's?) intervention. Thunder was heard, and Jupiter arrived on a shimmering cloud (part of a very complicated machine that changed in appearance as it moved about the stage). Jupiter was not alone: 'Down below, among the clouds, appeared the four stars that circle Jupiter discovered by Galileo Galilei from Florence, Mathematician to His Highness, with the marvellous spyglass, and like the ancients who transposed to the sky their greatest heroes, he - having discovered these stars - called them Medicee, and has dedicated the first to His Most Serene Highness, the second to Prince Don Francesco, the third to Prince Don Carlo, the fourth to Prince Don Lorenzo'. The machine brought Jupiter close to the grand duchess, to whom he sang an aria; then it slowly disappeared from the stage. In the process the four Medicean stars turned into four flesh-and-blood knights: 'After Jupiter finished his song some thunders were heard, the cloud vanished and there appeared four stars which soon turned into four knights who stood up'. The Cyclops (who had come on stage right before Jupiter's arrival) handed thunderbolts to the four knights. With such weapons, they were ready to start the new joust in Jupiter's name. The name of the tilt was 'The Arrival of the Knights of the Medicean Stars'. Peace soon followed. The ladies in the audience joined the knights on stage and the. Nº de ref. del artículo: 4061

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De lunae subobscura luce propre coniuctiones, &: LICETI, Fortunio [and

LICETI, Fortunio [and Galileo GALILEI]

Publicado por Udine, Nicola Schiratti, 1642 (1642)

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Descripción: Udine, Nicola Schiratti, 1642, 1642. Hardcover. Condición: Very Good. 4to (190 x 138 mm), pp [xxiv] 464 [4], with Liceti's device on title and folding engraved portrait; one gathering very slightly browned, faint dampstain on two leaves, otherwise a very good, crisp copy in contemporary vellum, lower portion of spine with some loss.First edition, containing Galileo's last scientific writing, written shortly before his death. 'Liceti's book on the Bolognese stone [Litheosphorus, 1640] attacked Galileo's explanation (in the Starry Messenger and the Dialogue) of the secondary light of the moon seen in thin crescent as a reflection of sunlight from the earth. These attacks became the subject of several letters to Galileo early in 1640. On 11 March, Prince Leopold wrote from Pisa that although to him Liceti's arguments seemed too frivolous to deserve reply, nevertheless he would like to have Galileo's opinion. Galileo then composed a lengthy treatise in the form of a letter to Prince Leopold, copies of which circulated for several months before Liceti asked to have one in order that he might formally reply. Galileo's letter to Prince Leopold was several times revised and expanded, the final version occupying about fifty printed pages' (Stillman Drake in Galileo at work, pp 406-7).This book contains the first printing of Galileo's 'letter', along with Liceti's reply. Liceti argued that the faint light of the disk of the new moon was a form of phosphorescence, inherent in the moon, and not a reflection of the sun's light from the earth's surface as Galileo argued. Much of Galileo's text, and Liceti's reply, concerns lunar eclipses, and the evidence they provide, and underlying the debate in the work is the fact that Galileo's interpretation lent further support to the heliocentric theory. Another participant in this debate is Gassendi (on Galileo's side), whose letters to Liceti are also printed here.'We should emphasize the epistemological interest of these final statements of Galileo, recognizing their importance for a comprehension of the role of logic (Geymonat) and the phenomenistic character (Crombie) of Galileo's scientific methodology' (Redondi, Galileo: heretic p 25).The engraved portrait is after Michael de Sobleo and depicts Liceti seated at a desk composing one of his works.See also E. Newton Harvey, history of luminescence pp 311-12); A.C. Crombie, 'The primary properties and secondary qualities in Galileo Galilei's Natural Philosophy' in Saggi di Galileo II (1972) pp 71-90; and Geymonat, Galileo Galilei. (Turin 1969).Provenance: contemporary illegible ownership inscription on title; Beltrame libraryCarli and Favaro 187; Cinti 110; OCLC list Cal Tech, Stanford, Yale, and Harvard for North America. Nº de ref. del artículo: 4089

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PETRI GASSENDI Institutio Astronomica juxta hypotheses tam: GASSENDI - GALILEO

GASSENDI - GALILEO - KEPLER

Publicado por Secunda editio priori correctior. Londini, typis Jacobi Flesher, MDCLIII (Londra 1653), (1653)

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Descripción: Secunda editio priori correctior. Londini, typis Jacobi Flesher, MDCLIII (Londra 1653), 1653. Condición: molto buono. 3 parti in un vol. in-8, pp. (16), 199,173, (3 bianche); legatura coeva in pelle, tagli rossi (parte della cerniera ant. rotta). Seconda edizione, di notevole importanza in quanto per la prima volta comprende il ''Sidereus Nuncius'' di Galileo (pubblicato nel 1610 in due rarissime edizioni).Titolo generale impresso in rosso e nero e titolo a sé in nero per ciascuna opera (quello di Keplero occupa la pag. 51 della seconda parte). Dedica di Gassendi al Card. Arcivescovo di Lione ''Lodovico Alphonso Plesseo Richelio'', altra di Galileo a Cosimo II Medici e di Keplero ad Ernesto, Arcivescovo di Colonia ed Elettore del S.R.I. Con numerose figure silogr., anche a piena pag. n.t., e 4 tavole f.t. per il ''Sidereus Nuncius'', inserite tra le pp. 32 e 33 (''Constellatio Pleiadum'', ''Constellatio Cinguli et ensis Orionis'', ''Nebulosa Orionis'', ''Nebulosa Praesepe''), oltre le 4 figure della Luna n.t. Seconda edizione di importanti scritti scientifici. La ''Institutio Astronomica'' del Gassendi, apparsa per la prima volta nel 1647, mette in risalto i vari modelli di cosmo, specie quelli ideati da Tolomeo, Copernico e Tycho Brahe. La parte seconda contiene la terza edizione del ''Sidereus Nuncius'' di Galileo (''editio princeps'' 1610 e seconda ediz. stesso anno), nel quale egli divulga le osservazioni astronomiche fatte tramite il telescopio. La ''Dioptrica'' di Keplero, pubblicata nel 1611, qui in seconda edizione, è opera parallela a quella di Galileo e contiene, tra le altre cose, la prima spiegazione della miopia ed i primi disegni per un telescopio ottico invertito. Bell'esempl. marginoso, con firma di antica ''Ramsden'' al titolo. Carli-Favaro n. 241. Cinti non ha questa seconda edizione collettiva (al n. 128 registra solo la seconda parte ed al n. 155 descrive la terza collettiva, 1683, identica alla presente). Riccardi col. 508 e Sotheran I, p. 73, n. 1448 (ambedue solo per l'opera di Galileo). Nº de ref. del artículo: 0000000008052

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Opere. . . nuova edizione coll'aggiunta di: GALILEI, Galileo

GALILEI, Galileo

Publicado por Tartini, Florence (1718)

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Descripción: Tartini, Florence, 1718. Hardcover. Condición: Near Fine. 2nd Edition. 3 parts in 3 volumes. 4to (267 x 200 mm). cxii, 1-384, 369-628, [2]; [8], 1-722, [2]; [6], 484, [50] pp. Half-title in each vol., fine engraved portrait and general title printed in red and black with engraved vignette in vol. I, woodcut head- and tailpieces & woodcut initial, numerous woodcut illustrations and diagrams in text including 19 full-page, one folding engraved plate, errata leaf at end of each vol., register at end of vol. III. All leaves untrimmed. Contemporary plain vellum, spines lettered in gilt (covers little soiled and spotted, corners bumped, chipping to vellum on spine of vol. II). Endpapers browned, text generally quite clean and crisp with only little fraying and dust-soiling to uncut margins, a few short closed tears to blank margins, light dampstaining to blank top gutter of few leaves in vol. III. An outstanding, unsophisticated and untouched set in rare untrimmed state. ---- BMC X.27.383; Honeyman 1419; Carli-Favoro 104 (431); Cinti 322 (170); De Caro 38; Gamba 583; Riccardi I, col. 520 ('pregiata edizione'). SECOND EDITION OF GALILEO'S COLLECTED WORKS, with important additions of the collection which was first published in 1656. This compilation was edited by Tommaso Buonaventuri, who contributed a detailed preface. The first two volumes largely reproduce the material collected by Manolessi in the first edition (still without the two banned works). The third volume is devoted to previously unpublished material, including a number of letters of Galileo, and notes on his work by Castelli and Viviani. The sequence of pagination from p. 369 to 384 occurs twice in vol. I. Visit our website for additional images and information. Nº de ref. del artículo: 002674

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Il saggiatore nel quale con bilancia esquisita: GALILEI, Galileo

GALILEI, Galileo

Publicado por Giacomo Mascardi, Rome (1623)

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Descripción: Giacomo Mascardi, Rome, 1623. Hardcover. Condición: Very Good. 1st Edition. 4to (218 x 162 mm), [4] (of [12]), 236 pp., engraved title-page by Villamena, 18 engraved illustrations in text, vignette on final page, lacking the engraved portrait and the 4 preliminary leaves of verses by Faber and Stelluti (as often), prelim. leaf (pi)2 with dedication to Urbano VIII misbound after p.8, errata on Ff6v. Signatures: (pi)2 (A-Ee)4 Ff6 (-a4). Contemporary vellum (recased, slight staining and soiling, little worming to lower spine and boards), endpapers renewed. Scattered uneven browning of text (some pages stronger), occasional minor spotting, few pages with old ink signatures. Provenance: Franco Sanguineti (contemporary signature to second flyleaf). Still very good copy despite the lacking portrait and verse leaves*. ---- Cinti 73; Norman 857; Sparrow, Milestones of Sciences 76; Riccardi I, 511; DSB V, p.243. - FIRST EDITION, FIRST ISSUE. "One of the most celebrated polemics in science" (DSB. Galileo and Orazio Grassi, a Jesuit mathematician, disagreed about Grassi's work on the comets of 1618, and Il Saggiatore was one of Galileo's printed ripostes. As Galileo had been forbidden since 1616 to espouse or defend Copernican theory, he avoided direct discussion of the earth's motion, choosing instead the more subtle method of establishing a general scientific approach to the investigation of celestial phenomena. He claimed that no theory of comets could be advanced unless it were proved that comets were concrete moving objects and not solar-generated optic effects - a proof he stated was impossible" (Norman 857). "This was a truly masterful piece of sarcastic invective and criticism. It is still read today in Italian language classes in Italy as a fine example of the use of rhetoric devices in the Italian language" (P. Machamer, The Cambridge Companion to Galileo, 1998, p. 21). The title-page by Francesco Villamena shows the crest of the Barberini displaying the support of Pope Urban VIII, patron of the Accademia dei Lincei, which may have helped Galileo to publish the work. The first edition exists in various states. The points usually taken as identifying the first issue are: thick paper; the engraving on p.120 the right way up; short errata list of 16 corrections. In our copy, the engraving on p.120 however is placed upside-down and the bifolio P1/4 which includes p.120 is apparently of thinner paper and with a deviating watermark (but rather not supplied). *This work is often found without the dedicatory verses by Faber & Stelluti on gathering a4 as in our copy. In 1956, the London booksellers Davis & Orioli remarked "after having examined the various copies in the British Museum, we feel sure that the commendatory verses were added later. In confirmation of this opinion, there is the fact that this additional matter was printed on paper with a different watermark from that found in the rest of the book" (Catalogue XI, no. 21). - Visit our website for additional images and information. Nº de ref. del artículo: 002737

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Les questions théologiques, physiques, morales et mathématiques.: GALILEI GALILEO GALILEE

GALILEI GALILEO GALILEE - MERSENNE (Marin)]

Publicado por Paris, Henry Guenon (1634)

Antiguo o usado Couverture souple Original o primera edición

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Descripción: Paris, Henry Guenon, 1634. Couverture souple. Condición: Bon. Edition originale. Rare première édition de la première défense, en France et en langue française, du Dialogo (1632), et première narration, en France, du procès de Galilée. Exemplaire de première état à la date de 1634 mais expurgé avec les questions XXXIV, XLIV et XLV corrigées. « In 1629, after some earlier approaches, Mersenne wrote to Galileo, offering his services in publishing “the new system of the motion of the earth which you have perfected, but which you cannot publish because of the prohibition of the Inquisition”. Galileo did not reply to this generous offer—nor, indeed, to any of Mersenne’s later letters to him. But Mersenne was not put off. He had come to see in Galileo’s work a supreme illustration of the rationality of nature governed by mechanical laws and, so far as these laws went, of the true program for natural science. In 1633 he published his first critique of Galileo’s Dialogo (1632) in his Traité des mouvemens et de la cheute des corps pesans et de la proportion de leurs différentes vitesses, dans lequel l’on verra plusieurs expériences trés exactes. His first response to hearing of Galileo’s condemnation in that year was to agree with the need for the Church to preserve Scripture from error; yet he came forward at once with a French version (with additions of his own) of Galileo’s unpublished early treatise on mechanics under the title Les méchaniques de Galilée (1634), and with a summary account of the first two days of the Dialogo and of the trial in Les questions théologiques, physiques, morales, et mathématiques (1634). » (DSB) Comme indiqué ci-dessus, il existe deux états de l’édition originale des Questions de Mersenne. Cette censure n’est pas due à une interdiction officielle de la Sorbonne mais à Mersenne lui-même qui pressentit, dès la réception des premières critiques, qu’une si franche présentation des théories héliocentriques de Galilée ne pourrait, en France, qu’être mise rapidement à l’Index. Toutefois, les versions auto-censurées permettent tout de même aux lecteurs de prendre la mesure de l’importance des théories révolutionnaires de Galilée et le nouveau titre du chapitre 45 est un parfait exemple de détournement ironique : « Est-il permis d’enseigner dans les Escoles que la terre est immobile ». Malgré quelques rousseurs et une galerie de vers dans la marge intérieure des pages 191 à 220, mais sans atteinte au texte, bon exemplaire en condition ancienne. Voir Finocchiaro, Retrying Galileo, 1633–1992, 2007, pages 39-40 ; et Lewis, « Playing Safe ? Two Versions of Mersenne’s Questions Théologiques, Physiques, Morales et Mathématiques (1634) » dans The Seventeenth Century, volume 22, 2007, pages 76-96. Nº de ref. del artículo: ABE-1493283709475

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1718 COMPLETE Works of GALILEO Galilei Italian: Galileo Galilei; Giuseppe

Galileo Galilei; Giuseppe Toaldo

Publicado por In Firenze : [Nella stamp. di S.A.R. per Gio. Gaetano Tartini, e Santi Franchi], MDCCXVIII [1718] (1718)

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Descripción: In Firenze : [Nella stamp. di S.A.R. per Gio. Gaetano Tartini, e Santi Franchi], MDCCXVIII [1718], 1718. Hardcover. Condición: Near Fine. 1st Edition. 1718 COMPLETE Works of GALILEO Galilei Italian Astronomy Illustrated 3v SET Famous Firenze 2nd edition with Sidereus Nuncius This 2nd edition includes such epoch-making titles as the Sidereus Nuncius, the treatise on the proportional compass – generally considered the forerunner of the modern calculator. Galileo Galilei (1564 – 1642), was an Italian astronomer, physicist, engineer, philosopher, and mathematician who played a major role in the scientific revolution during the Renaissance. Galileo has been called the "father of observational astronomy", the "father of modern physics", and the "father of science". Main author: Galileo Galilei; Giuseppe Toaldo Title: Opere di Galileo Galilei, divise in quattro tomi, in questa nuova edizione accresciute di molte cose inedite. Published: In Firenze : [Nella stamp. di S.A.R. per Gio. Gaetano Tartini, e Santi Franchi], MDCCXVIII [1718] Language: Italian Notes & content: • 1st edition (2nd edition since original) o Updated contents including, for the first time, Galileo’s treatise on probability “Sopra la scoperte dei dadi,” commentary on this treatise, as well as letters from supporters and antagonists. – [tome 3] • 3 volume set, complete • Beautiful vellum binding – decorative spine labels • Engraved portrait frontispiece, volume I + folding plate • Engraved printer’s device on other volumes • COMPLETE with Signatures: v. 1: [a] b-g h A-2Q 2R¹ chi1; v. 2: pi A-2Y 2Z²; v. 3: pi ( -pi4) A-2G 2H [maltese cross]-3[maltese cross] • COMPLETE with Pagination:. 1: [6], viii, viii-cxii, 384, 369-628, [2] pages, [2] leaves of plates (1 folded); v. 2: [8], 722, [2] pages; v. 3: [6], 484, [52] pages (last 2 pages blank). FREE SHIPPING WORLDWIDE Wear: wear as seen in photos Binding: tight and secure vellum binding Pages: collated and entirely complete with all pages Publisher: In Firenze : [Nella stamp. di S.A.R. per Gio. Gaetano Tartini, e Santi Franchi], MDCCXVIII [1718] Size: ~10.75in X 7.75in (27.5cm x 19.5cm) FREE SHIPPING WORLDWIDE Shipping: Very Fast. Very Safe. Free Shipping Worldwide. Satisfaction Guarantee: Customer satisfaction is our first priority. Notify us within 7 days of receiving your item and we will offer a full refund guarantee without reservation. $10,000 Photos available upon request. Nº de ref. del artículo: ABE-1468698734586

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Descripción: Leiden: Frederik Haaringi David Severinus 1699, 1699. Contemporary whole-leader bound on 4 ligaments; nominal & subject name in the label on the spine; red edge; [12], 494 pp., [26]; [6], 282 pp., [4], lex. 8°, Contains copper-engraving on frontispiece and title from J. Mutder; many vignetts and illustrations in text. Binding slightly scratched, headband on the top partly torn. Number of time stamped and ensured with old owners-comments. Very good condition. Extremely rare. Book Language/s: la. Nº de ref. del artículo: A13159

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Mathematical collections and translations: in two tomes.: Thomas Salusbury; Galileo

Thomas Salusbury; Galileo Galilei; Benedictus Castellus

Publicado por London : Printed by William Leybourn (1661)

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Descripción: London : Printed by William Leybourn, 1661. Hardcover. Condición: Used: Acceptable. First Edition. Rare 1st English edition of Galileo's Dialogo. Tome 1 of Galileo's Dialogues bound in 5 volumes. Rarely found complete due to the destruction of most copies in the Great Fire of London. 33 cm. Rebound in 1/4 modern moroccan leather over linen boards. Good bindings and covers. Collated: 1-88; 89-247 pp.; 249-424 pp.; [425]-503, [1], [24] pp.; [14], errata, 98 pp. [of 124], 4 text engravings. Incomplete and defective: The first volume title page, dedications and pages to p. 5, (20 pages) lacking, as well as all four folding plates. Loss a third of page 355. Lacks the final part of Castellus' discourses. The first two surviving leaves of Galileo's first dialogue are backed with tissue paper lacking the top 1/5 along the top margin. Scattered marginal tears professionally restored. Margins trimmed; with the Castellus volume having the most severely shaved margins. Soiling and damp staining, affecting text to First Dialogue and Castellus Discourse. Spotting throughout. One leaf in the 3rd and 4th dialogues has a tear with partial loss to the text. Please see our pictures and ask questions for additional details. Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is one of the most ground breaking books written in scientific philosophy. It harnessed Copernicus's mathematics with Galileo's own observations made with a telescope, ultimately destroying the earth centric model of Ptolemy and the unmoving earth model of Aristotle. The seemingly circuitous form of the Dialogue reflects its origins, it was written in Florence under restrictions from the Inquisition's censors. Galileo had been banned by the Church in 1611 for teaching the Copernican view. After appealing to Pope Urban VIII, Galileo was granted the right to discuss the Copernican view, if he devoted equal treatment to the Ptolemic view. As a result, the work is organized as a discussion between an advocate of the Copernican heliocentric model, an advocate of Ptolemy's earth centered model (ever so discretely named Simplicius, in perhaps a bit of cheek) and an educated man they wish to convince. Galileo's obvious deception didn't go unnoticed and as a result he was tried for heresy in 1633. The book was banned and placed on the Index Librorum Prohibitorum by the Church (and not removed until 1822.) The importance of Galileo's work is that it contributed to the liberation of science and inquiry from the suppression of Church domination. This liberation of thought allowed for the progressive discoveries in the age of reason and ultimately the development of our modern world. "The Dialogo was designed both as an appeal to the great public and an escape from silence. In the form of an opening discussion between friends - intellectually speaking, a radical, a conservative, and an agnostic - it is a masterly polemic for the new science. It displays all the great discoveries in the heavens which the ancients had ignored; it inveighs against the sterility, willfulness, and ignorance of those who defend their systems; it revels in the simplicity of Copernican thought and, above all, it teaches that the movement of the earth makes sense in philosophy, that is, in physics. Astronomy and the science of motion, rightly understood, says Galileo, are hand in glove. There is no need to fear that the earth's rotation will cause it to fly to pieces. So Galileo picked up one thread that led straight to Newton. The Dialogo, far more than any other work, made the heliocentric system a commonplace. Every fear of Galileo's enemies was justified; only their attempts to stifle thought were vain." (Printing and the Mind of Man, 128, citing 1632 Italian edition) Salusbury had been a royalist who had lived in France in Italy during the mid-1600s during the English Civil War. Full List of contents: Tome 1, pt. 1. Galileus Galileus, his Systeme of the world -- II. Galileus, his epistle to the Grand Dutchesse mother concerning the authority of Holy Scripture in philosophical controversies -- III. Jo. Nº de ref. del artículo: 1607280070

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GALILEI, Galileo]/VIVIANI, Vincenzo

Publicado por alla Condotta (1674)

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Descripción: alla Condotta, 1674. Hardcover. Condición: Very Good. [2] ff., (8), 149 pp, (3), 153-230 pp., 231-232 ff., 233-284 pp., 2 folding engraved plates. bound with [VIVIANI, Vincenzo]. Enodatio Problematum universis geometris Propositorum [¿] Praemissis, horum occasione, Tentamentis Variis ad Solutionem illustris veterum Problematis De Anguli Trisectione. Florence, Gugliantini, 1677. [2] ff, (6), 63 pp., 4 folding engraved plates. With presentation inscription to verso of half-title of first work signed by Viviani. Bound in contemporary calf with spine in six compartments. A wonderfully fresh copy, light toning and foxing to one or two leaves, otherwise excellent. First complete edition (second; first 1674, see below) of this important Galileianum, an assembly of previously unpublished writings by Galileo, together with texts by Torricelli and Viviani himself, inscribed by Viviani to an unknown (scored) receipient. Vincenzo Viviani resided with Galileo at Arectri from October 1639 as his pupil, amanuensis, and assistant, and together with Torricelli, spent the last months of Galileo¿s life with him recording the master¿s final meditations on the relationship between mathematics and physics. The first chapter of this work, a dialogue entitled ¿Quinto Libro degli Elementi d¿Euclide. spiegata colla Dottrina del Galileo¿ was dictated by Galileo to Torricelli in November 1641. (Galileo died January 9, 1642.) Though on his deathbed, it was to be the beginning of still another book continuing the discussion between his three old interlocutors from the Two New Sciences. In this dialogue, printed here and edited from a manuscript given to Viviani by Cardinal De¿ Medici, Galileo reflects upon two definitions found in Euclid¿s Elements, ¿same ratio¿ and ¿compound ratio,¿ which were ¿the two most important keys taken from antiquity in creating Galileo¿s mathematical physics, so that his exposition of them as the last act of his scientific career reflected his earliest scientific steps at Pisa and Padua. Like the Leaning Tower affair, this dialogue linked his last days with his first; Galileo had come full circle¿ (Drake, p. 421). As a young man, Galileo was profoundly influenced by the Elements, especially Books Five and Six which contained the Eudoxian theory of proportion. ¿The importance of the Eudoxian proportion theory to Galileo¿s science cannot be exaggerated. Until the application of algebra to the general solution of geometrical (as well as arithmetical) problems, not achieved until after Galileo¿s work was completed, rigorous connection of mathematics with physical events was possible only through some theory of proportionality. Eudoxian theory establishing proportionality between continuous magnitudes was essential to any great advance over medieval physics¿ (Drake, p. 4). Viviani ¿with the rigor and prolixity of the ancients¿devoted an appendix to geometric problems, among which was one on the trisection of an angle, solved by the use of the cylindrical spiral or of a cycloid; another was the problem of duplicating the cube, solved by means of conics or of the cubic xy2 =k¿ (DSB). . Nº de ref. del artículo: 4910

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GALILEI, GALILEO,

Publicado por Lugduni [Lyon], Sumptibus Ioan. Antonii. Huguetan, 1641. (1641)

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Vendedor: Charbo's Antiquariaat (Amsterdam, Holanda)

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Descripción: Lugduni [Lyon], Sumptibus Ioan. Antonii. Huguetan, 1641., 1641. (23 x 16.5 cm). Small 4to. (XVI)+377+(22) pp. Complete with additional engraved title, title in red and black with engraved publisher's device, engraved portrait by C. Audran, woodcut diagrams in text. Index, errata-leaf. Hardcover. Contemp. limp vellum. (Vellum a bit wrinkled; few worm holes in inner hinges; early inscription on both titles, few scattered lib. stamps, incl. on both titles, outer topcorners of last 40 pages waterstained, some browning throughout). * Second Latin edition (first was published in Strasbourg in 1635) of Galilei's Dialogo (Florence 1632), most famous defense of the Copernican heliocentric theory of the solar system, translated from the Italian by Matthias Bernegger. Incl. two appendices: "Perioche ex introductione in Martem Ioannis Kepleri ." & "Epistola R.P.M. Pauli Antonii Foscarini Carmelitani circa Pythagoricorum, & Copernici opinionem de mobilitate terrae et stabilitate solis: et de novo systemate seu constitutione mundi: in qua Sacrae Scripturae auctoritates, & theologicae propositiones, communiter aduersus hanc opinionem adductae conciliantur". - Provenance: Bibliothèque Lycée Impérial d'Avignon. Nº de ref. del artículo: 60457

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