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Die Wiener Geserah Vom Jahre 1421

Krauss, Samuel

Editorial: Leipzig; W. Braumüller, 1920
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FT) Clothbound. 8vo. X, [1], 264 pages. 24 cm. First edition. In German, with some Hebrew. Cloth and decorative paper boards, with original paper wrapper title pastedown. "The Vienna Geserah of 1421", written by Samuel Krauss, stands as one of the finest histories and documentation of literature on the Vienna Geserah, the "persecution of Jews in Vienna and its environs in 1421. The early 15th century was a period of rising hatred of the burghers of Vienna against the Jews, kindled in part by Jewish wealth. The Hussite heresy had widespread reverberations in Austria at the time, and it was generally held that Jews and Hussites maintained close contact. Duke Albert V, inclined to religious fanaticism and disturbed by the Hussite rebellion, was also deeply in debt to Jewish moneylenders and without the means of repayment. At Easter 1420 a rumor was spread among the population of Vienna that a rich Jew named Israel had bought consecrated hosts from the wife of a Church sexton in Enns, and distributed them among other Jews who desecrated them. The Jews who were implicated were brought to Vienna, imprisoned, and tortured. On May 23, 1420, the Jews were rounded up in all the cities and towns of Austria and their possessions taken from them. The wealthy were imprisoned in Vienna, while the poor were put into boats without oars on the Danube at the mercy of the stream. Some Jews were held captive in houses, others in the synagogues. Children were separated from parents and husbands from wives, and an attempt was made to convert them to Christianity. The rabbis of Italy appealed to Pope Martin V for his intervention on behalf of the Jews of Austria. He reacted by threatening with excommunication anyone who forced Jews to convert. Nonetheless, many of the children taken from their parents were carried off to monasteries and there forcibly converted. A great many of those imprisoned committed suicide, including those held in the synagogues; the last one alive, R. Jonah, set fire to the corpses and died on the funeral pyre. The Jews who were left, 120 women and 92 men, were burned at the stake on March 12, 1421. All the property of the Jews passed to Duke Albert. The stones of the synagogue were used in building the university. Some Jews escaped to Bohemia; a very few managed to maintain an illegal existence in Austria. The proud Vienna community numbering between 1, 400 and 1, 600 existed no longer, and the city became known in Jewish tradition as "Ir ha-Damim" ("The City of Blood") . " Samuel Krauss (February 18, 1866 - June 4, 1948) was professor at the Jewish Teachers' Seminary, Budapest, 1894 1906, and at the Jewish Theological Seminary, Vienna, 1906-1938. He came to England as a refugee and spent his last years at Cambridge. He was a contributor to the Jewish Encyclopedia as "S. Kr. " In 1910, he became a pioneer in Talmudic archaeology with the publication of Talmudische Archäologie, which was reprinted in Hebrew in 1924. His 1922 study of the ancient synagogue, Synagogale Altertümer is still considered essential reading on the topic. In 1935 he published a comprehensive and detailed study of Biblical names of ninety eight then modern nations. (Encyclopedia Judaica 2008) . Subjects: Jews -- Austria. Backstrip shaken, edges of cover boards worn, with upper right edge on back cover absent. Endpages heavily worn, with torn corners on back endpages and bibliography, not affecting text. Pages aged, but clean, and crisp. Very good condition. (GER-33-3) Ger7, comhist2, heb3. (ja). N° de ref. de la librería 28799

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Detalles bibliográficos

Título: Die Wiener Geserah Vom Jahre 1421

Editorial: Leipzig; W. Braumüller

Año de publicación: 1920

Encuadernación: Hardcover

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