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Vice President Richard M. Nixon Is Proud of the ÒMagnificentÓ American Efforts Òto discharge American responsibility in meeting the needs of the Hungarian refugeesÓ After the Revolution of 1956

Richard Nixon

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He tells the U.S. Ambassador to Austria, where the refugees were gathered, Lewellyn Thompson: ÒWell done, keep up the good work.ÓThe Hungarian Revolt was one of the crucial events of the Cold WarOn October 23, 1956, a student demonstration against the Soviet-dominated regime in Hungary became the first serious challenge to Communist authority since the Soviet Union drove the Nazis out and occupied Eastern Europe at the end of World War II. The demonstrators marched to the Parliament building in Budapest, where Hungarian State Security Police detained a group of them who attempted to enter the radio building to broadcast the students demands. The police then fired on a group of demonstrators who demanded their release and killed a student. When demonstrators wrapped the body in a flag and paraded it in central Budapest, violence erupted, and news of the event provoked unrest throughout the country. The pro-Soviet government collapsed, and a new government disbanded the State Security Police and announced its intention to withdraw from the Soviet-run Warsaw Pact and to hold free elections.On October 31, the Moscow newspaper ÒPravdaÓ stated that the Soviet government was Òprepared to enter into the appropriate negotiations with the government of the Hungarian PeopleÕs Republic and other members of the Warsaw Treaty on the question of the presence of Soviet troops on the territory of Hungary.Ó That same day, though, unwilling to appear weak to the United States, Soviet leaders reversed course and decided to take military action to crush the rebellion. In the early morning hours of November 4, Soviet troops invaded Hungary. The free Hungarian government fled, and by November 7 the Soviets installed J‡nos K‡d‡r as the new Prime Minister. In six days, the Soviet military completely crushed the revolution. More than 2,500 Hungarians and 700 Soviet soldiers were killed. By January, the new Soviet puppet government had suppressed the opposition. However, meanwhile, large numbers of Hungarians were fleeing the country, mostly headed for Austria.This unfolding drama received hour-by-hour press coverage throughout the world, with film footage appearing every evening on the news in the U.S. and elsewhere. The invasion, with its graphic depiction of Soviet tanks on the city streets in Hungary clashing with demonstrators, destroyed the Soviet argument that Eastern Europe was voluntarily within the Soviet sphere. It also confirmed to those in the West that there was a real Cold War at hand, and that the Soviets were the aggressors, as they could only hold their people by force. Strong anti-Communists, like Richard M. Nixon, then Vice President in the Eisenhower Administration, seemed confirmed in their judgments.By the time HungaryÕs borders were sealed, 200,000 refugees had fled the country. Of those, approximately 180,000 went to Austria, and another 20,000 went to Yugoslavia. The refugees needed care and resettlement, and this required a massive effort, led by the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. 37 nations on five continents accepted refugees, with the plurality - 40,000 - going to the United States. Llewellyn E. Thompson was U.S. Ambassador to Austria, so to him fell the main responsibility for managing the American effort to care for them and arrange their resettlement.Lewellyn Thompson was one of the most important American diplomats of the 20th Century. After two years at his post in Vienna, he would become the United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union at the height of the Cold War, serving two separate tours in the administrations of Presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, and Lyndon B. Johnson, and then acting as advisor to Richard M. Nixon. Few Ambassadors faced as many crises as Thompson did in Moscow - the shooting down of a U.S. U-2 reconnaissance aircraft over Russia, the great confrontation between the U.S. and Soviet Union over Berlin and the building of the Berlin Wall, very difficult. N° de ref. de la librería 10614

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Título: Vice President Richard M. Nixon Is Proud of ...

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The Raab Collection buys and sells rare important historical documents, bring to its endeavors a passion not only for the manuscript but the history behind it. We've built important historical collections for institutions and historical enthusiasts. Our pieces have found homes in many major institutions devoted to preserving history.

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