La Tonotechnie ou l’Art de noter les Cylindres, et tout ce qui est susceptible de Notage dans les Instrumens de Concerts méchaniques. Ouvrage nouveau.

ENGRAMELLE, Marie Dominique Joseph.

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Engraved frontis., five folding engraved plates (one with careful repairs to folds on verso), & a few illus. in the text. Engraved head-piece on first leaf of dedication. Pages 43-50 are larger folding leaves entitled "Table de Caractères" with woodcuts. 5 p.l. (incl. frontis.), xxvii, [1], 236, [4] pp. 8vo, modern red morocco, uncut. Paris: P.M. Delaguette, 1775. First edition of this extraordinarily prescient work in the field of automatic instruments, of great interest to musicologists and historians of computing alike. With almost mathematical exactitude Engramelle successfully designed a playback system that was never superseded until the advent of MIDI technology in 1983. "When Joseph Engramelle introduced a new method of notating music, designed to enable pinners of cylinders to reproduce the minute details of articulation and rhythmic nuance that characterized the best keyboard playing (La Tonothechnie, 1775), he became one of the first writers to show a concern for the artistic possibilities of automatic instruments and an appreciation of their historical value for future generations."–Harvard Dictionary of Music, "Automatic Instrument," p. 68. Engramelle (1727-1805), was a French builder of mechanical instruments. His most enduring legacy is his "recordings" of contemporary composers performing their own works. With extraordinary fidelity, the inventor was able to achieve this by employing a numbered dial (cadran) used in "notating" the studded barrels of mechanical musical instruments. But Engramelle’s invention was no binomial player-piano or musical box. "His care and subtlety in using the duration of notes to heighten metrical organization gives vivid results. The precision of his directions for performing equal notes unequally shows remarkable sensitivity to musical style as well as invention in clarifying meter."–George Houle, Meter in Music, 1600-1800: Performance, Perception, and Notation (1999), p. 122. Engramelle’s system provided a means to unlock secrets of performance that would have been lost otherwise. For instance, the "martellement" (a hammering, or sharp accent) had not yet been indicated by a sign. Its existence is known only from the results of the present work, and from the diagrams Engramelle prepared for his chapter on "Tonotechnie" in Vol. IV of Dom Bedos de Celles’ L’Art du Facteur d’Orgues (Paris, 1778). Herein we also find the first real evidence of the use of "hard swing" (i.e. notes inégale ratio 3:1) in the 18th-century. Engramelle was concerned primarily with articulation; his elaborate code of separation of notes down to the smallest possible degree was based on the playing of the finest musicians and composers of the day, notably Claude Balbastre (1724-99), at that time one of the most famous in Europe. Balbastre played ornaments over and over so that Engramelle could notate them with mathematical accuracy. In the matter of articulation, it is through Engramelle that we have the first permanent record of actual performance style. "Engramelle was explicitly concerned with the preservation of historic performing styles and realized that composers of even the recent past would be ‘disgusted’ at the way their works were played in his own time."–David Fuller, "An Introduction to Automatic Instruments" in Early Music, (April 1983), pp. 164-66. As is well known, Charles Babbage proposed a "mechanical engine" which would capture and store raw data, offer an interactive user interface, and output the results exactly. But Babbage’s machine existed only in theory: Engramelle’s invention actually worked, and it continues to work in the manner that it was intended, as we hear in the Patrick Feaster’s audio CD which accompanies his pioneering Pictures of Sound. One Thousand Years of Educed Audio: 980-1980 (2012). Engramelle’s device was programmed by an arrangement of pins driven into the surface of a cylinder, a process known as barrel pinning. He devised an innovative method using a dial that mad. N° de ref. de la librería

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Título: La Tonotechnie ou l’Art de noter les ...
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Engramelle, Joseph
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Descripción 2017. Ebook. Estado de conservación: New. 308 pages. French Lang:- French, Pages:- 308, It is an Ebook edition of the original edition published long back [1775]. We found this book important for the readers who want to know about our old treasure so we brought it back in ebook (pdf) format. These are scanned images of the original book in pdf format. We provide you the best available ebook for your ebook shelf. Once you place the order, you will receive a link to download the pdf file. An email will be sent shortly to your email address containing the download instructions. This is an Ebook. All sales final unless there is illegibility to text. Nº de ref. de la librería 9999008452569

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Descripción 2017. French. Estado de conservación: New. 308 Lang: - French, Pages 308, Print on Demand. Reprinted in 2017 with the help of original edition published long back [1775]. This book is Printed in black & white, sewing binding for longer life with Matt laminated multi-Colour Soft Cover {HARDCOVER EDITION IS ALSO AVAILABLE}, Printed on high quality Paper, re-sized as per Current standards, professionally processed without changing its contents. As these are old books, we processed each page manually and make them readable but in some cases some pages which are blur or missing or black spots. If it is multi volume set, then it is only single volume. We expect that you will understand our compulsion in these books. We found this book important for the readers who want to know more about our old treasure so we brought it back to the shelves. (Any type of Customisation is possible). Hope you will like it and give your comments and suggestions. Language: Softcover. Nº de ref. de la librería PB1111008452569

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Descripción 2017. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: New. 308 Lang: - French, Pages 308, Print on Demand. Reprinted in 2017 with the help of original edition published long back [1775]. This book is Printed in black & white, Hardcover, sewing binding for longer life with Matt laminated multi-Colour Dust Cover, Printed on high quality Paper, re-sized as per Current standards, professionally processed without changing its contents. As these are old books, we processed each page manually and make them readable but in some cases some pages which are blur or missing or black spots. If it is multi volume set, then it is only single volume. We expect that you will understand our compulsion in these books. We found this book important for the readers who want to know more about our old treasure so we brought it back to the shelves. (Any type of Customisation is possible). Hope you will like it and give your comments and suggestions. Language: French. Nº de ref. de la librería 1111008452569

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