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First edition of a controversial work by the Puritan minister Richard Baxter (1615-91). 'He is often called a ‘Presbyterian’, and, it is true, he spoke for that party in Restoration negotiations with the Independents. But Baxter was not primarily interested in different structures of government (this is one way in which seventeenth-century Puritanism differs so radically from its Elizabethan counterpart). What interested him was discipline. .The tenth chapter of Baxter’s A Holy Commonwealth is significantly entitled ‘Of the Sovereigns Power over the Pastors of the Church, and of the difference of their offices’. . Although in 1659 he called ‘theocracy’ his ideal government, what he meant by this was not the Church controlling the State, but an alliance of equals – a reforming pastor (Baxter at Kidderminster) and a sympathetic magistrate (Richard Cromwell). Their union is what produces a "holy commonwealth". A Holy Commonwealth was written in 1659 to show how close England now was, through these means, to achieving the ideal of ‘theocracy’ (in Baxter’s sense of the word). As he was writing it, however, Richard Cromwell’s Protectorate fell. The book was then to become an embarrassment to him on the Stuart Restoration. He withdrew it as non scriptum in 1670, and distanced himself from its politics in A Christian Directory (1673). This did not stop its going into the flames, with the writings of Hobbes and Milton, when Oxford University Convocation in 1683 ordered its notorious burning of the books' (Dictionary of Seventeenth-Century British Philosophers, Thoemmes Press, 2000). PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: 8vo, , 144, 161-384, 417-517,  pp., with a vertical half-title: 'Baxter’s Holy Commonw.', contemporary calf with somewhat later ms paper label, rubbed, wear to foot of spine with some loss, two worm traces in lower cover, armorial bookplate of John, Marquess of Tweeddale, copious early Latin annotation on front free endpaper, old marginalia referencing Cromwell on M1, old reading marks on a few other pages, occasional light spotting, a few larger darker spots and small rust-holes, printed note to the binder on the verso of the final advertisement leaf: "Though signature L and Cc, Dd be not, yet the Book is perfect. The price of this book is 3s bound', a good copy. N° de ref. de la librería
Título: A Holy Commonwealth, Or, Political Aphorisms...
Condición del libro: Good
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