Histori und eigentliche beschreibung erstlich was gestalt vermittelst sonderbarer Huelff und Schickung deß Allmaechtigen dann auch der Ehrwuerdigen Vaeter der Societet IESU gesbrauchten fleiß und außgestandener Muehe Arbeit und Gefahr numehr und vor gar wenig Jahren hero das Evangelium und Lehr Christi in dem grossen und gewaltigen Koenigreich China eingefuehrt gepflanzt und geprediget wirdt.

PANTOJA, Diego de /ALBERTINUS, Aegidius (tr.).

Editorial: Munich Adam Berg 1608., 1608
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Martayan Lan
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Librería en AbeBooks desde: 29 de julio de 2003

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4to, 167, (1) blank pp. Bound in later marbled paper over boards, covers worn, inner hinge cracked but firm, inked Jesuit library inscription dated 1700 on title, small wormholes on title, minor foxing throughout, an unusually crisp, well-preserved copy for German 17th-century books, excellent. Rare first German edition of this influential Jesuit letterbook from China describing Matteo Ricci’s acceptance at the court of Peking and marking a shift in European perceptions of China from "a view of China as seen from Macao to a view of China from within." (de Paula Nogueira, p. 426) Unlike many Jesuit letters which were primarily concerned with listing conversionary exploits, Pantoja’s letter is a genuine travel narrative, chronicling the trip from Nanjing to Peking up the Grand Canal, laced with colorful descriptions of local customs, food and dress. It is also notable for its deep respect for the Chinese civilization, which would be the trademark of the Jesuit enterprise in China. The Spanish Jesuit Diego de Pantoja (1571-1618) arrived in Macao in 1599, and was soon sent to join Matteo Ricci in Nanjing, where he had established himself after his first failed attempt to reach Peking. In 1600, they set out together on another attempt to reach the emperor in the Forbidden City. On the way, they were briefly arrested, but released upon condition to send some Western-style clocks and oil paintings to the emperor. They arrived in Peking in January of 1601 and were well received. Although Ricci and Pantoja never met the emperor in person, a lively if at times comical exchange ensued, the social intricacies of which Pantoja relates in detail. There were rival eunuchs who acted as go-betweens but tried to use the foreigners to score points against each other, learned mandarins, who came to discuss mathematics and astronomy, and the merely curious who came to gawk at Pantoja’s blue eyes. "As soon as Ricci and Pantoja settled down, they drew a stream of mandarin and literati visitors curious to see the exotic goods they had brought to present to the emperor. According to one of the first accounts from the capital, the missionaries entertained a mandarin from the Lipu (Ministry of Rites, the agency in charge of dealing with foreigners) by demonstrating that "the Sun is larger than the Earth and the Moon smaller." ( ) Ricci’s colleague Pantoja contributed to the renown of the missionaries with his blue eyes alone: ‘The Chinese find them very mysterious, and normally say that my eyes spy where to find precious stones and the like claiming even that they have characters written inside them.’" (Brockey, pp.49-50)When the clocks, which they had given the emperor, stopped working, the Jesuits offered to train four eunuchs in their upkeep. By request of the emperor, life-size portraits of Ricci and Pantoja were painted which bore little resemblance to them but, unlike them, gained an audience with the emperor. Impressed with the oil paintings, the emperor asked for more images, particularly of European kings, as he was curious to see their manner of dress. The Jesuits sent him the only such image they had, a painting of the King of Spain, the Holy Roman Emperor and the Pope, all kneeling under a cross. For good measure, they added a plan of El Escorial and a view of St Mark’s in Venice. This exchange, carried on over the course of three months, succeeded in granting the Jesuits the favor they had come to ask: they were allowed to open a residence in Peking, in the heart of China."A central goal of Matteo Ricci’s strategy for securing the mission had been accomplished. With a Jesuit ensconced at Peking – by order of the emperor himself – the reputation of the Society of Jesus in China woul. N° de ref. de la librería 4068

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Título: Histori und eigentliche beschreibung ...

Editorial: Munich Adam Berg 1608.

Año de publicación: 1608

Ejemplar firmado: Signed by Author(s)

Edición: 1st Edition

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