Grundsätze der Kritik, von Heinrich Home. Übersetzt von Johann Nicolaus Meinhard. Letzte verbesserte Auflage. Wien: Schrämbl, 1790-91.
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Third German edition of Kames's Elements of Criticism, an important Scottish Enlightenment work that was influential on Kant's third Critique. Meinhard's translation first appeared in 1763, only a year after the original publication. This revised version takes account of the fourth English edition, and carries comments and examples in German by G. Schatz. 'Kant could not read English . important for [him] in the early 1760s was the Elements of Criticism, by Henry Home, Lord Kames. It appeared in English in 1762, and a year later became available in German. The reviewers praised it, and it became influential in German aesthetic thought from that point forward. The early essays of Herder . consider Kames equal in stature to Baumgarten in the question of aesthetics. That parallel, there is reason to suppose, he learned from his teacher, Immanuel Kant. Kames served as the crucial expositor of the principle of the British method in aesthetics: criticism. For the Kant of the 1760s, "science" and "criticism" stood juxtaposed as alternative methods for aesthetics. Kant used the two names, Baumgarten and Home (Kames), as personifications of the two methods. In his lectures in Logic, for example, he observed: "The philosopher Baumgarten in Frankfurt had the plan to make an aesthetic as science. More correctly, Home has named aesthetics criticism, since it gives no rules a priori that sufficiently determine the judgment, as does logic, but takes its rules a posteriori and only makes the empirical laws general through comparisons, by which we know the imperfect and the perfect (beautiful)". The distinction of science and criticism is linked, here, with the distinction of a priori and a posteriori (Hume) and applied to the concept of "perfection", which Baumgarten associated with the idea of beauty' (John H. Zammito, The Genesis of Kant's Critique of Judgment, Univ. of Chicago Press, 1992, pp. 29-31). PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: 6 volumes, small 8vo, 328, ; 217, ; [iv], 283; [iv], 262; [iv], 337; [iv], 258 pp., contemporary half cloth over marbled boards, spines lettered in gilt and a little stained, foxing on title-pages and occasionally elsewhere, otherwise clean with no stamps or inscriptions, a very good set. N° de ref. de la librería ABE-17697362160
Título: Grundsätze der Kritik, von Heinrich Home. ...
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