Brand New, Unread Copy in Perfect Condition. A+ Customer Service! Summary: Preface: Acknowledgements: About the Editors: Note to the Reader: Note to the Instructor: INTRODUCTIONSimon Blackburn, "What is Philosophy?"Simon Blackburn, "The Elements of Logic"I. RELIGION AND BELIEFIntroductionA. Traditional Arguments for and Against the Existence of GodThe Ontological Argument--and RepliesAnselm, "The Ontological Argument"Gaunilo, "In Behalf of the Fool"G.E. Moore, "Is Existence a Predicate?"William Rowe, "Why the Ontological Argument Fails"The Cosmological Argument, the Argument from Design--and RepliesRichard Taylor, "The Cosmological Argument"William Paley, "The Argument from Design"Ernest Nagel, "Does God Exist?"The Problem of Evil--and RepliesJohn Hick, "The Problem of Evil"Steven M. Cahn, "The Problem of Goodness"B. Grounds for BeliefPascal, "The Wager"W.K. Clifford, "The Ethics of Belief"William James, "The Will to Believe"Robert McKim, "The Hiddenness of God"C. God and Science: Contemporary DiscussionsNicholas Everitt, "Theism and Modern Science"II. MORAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHYMORAL PHILOSOPHYIntroductionA. Three Major Ethical TheoriesUtilitarianismJohn Stuart Mill, "Utilitarianism"J. J. C. Smart, "Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism"Bernard Williams, "Utilitarianism, Integrity and Responsibility"DeontologyImmanuel Kant, Selections from The Grounding for the Metaphysics of MoralsOnora O''Neill, "A Simplified Account of Kant''s Ethics"Virtue EthicsAristotle, Selections from The Nicomachean EthicsRosalind Hursthouse, "Normative Virtue Ethics"B. Some ApplicationsMoral Duties to the PoorPeter Singer, "Rich and Poor"Garrett Hardin, "Lifeboat Ethics: The Case Against Helping the Poor"Thomas Pogge, "''Aiding'' the Global Poor"Vegetarianism and AnimalsAlastair Norcross, "Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases"Carl Cohen, "A Critique of the Alleged Moral Basis of Vegetarianism"C. Puzzles and ChallengesPuzzling CasesJudith Jarvis Thomson, "The Trolley Problem"Thomas Nagel, "Moral Luck"The Value of MoralityPlato, "Glaucon''s Challenge from The Republic"Susan Wolf, "Moral Saints"The Universality of MoralityJames Rachels, "Egoism and Moral Skepticism"James Rachels, "The Challenge of Cultural Relativism"Morality and Social ScienceJennifer Saul, "Women''s Different Voice"Cass Sunstein, "Heurisitics and Morality"POLITICAL PHILOSOPHYIntroductionD. Justice, Equality and the StateThomas Hobbes, from LeviathanJohn Rawls, "Justice as Fairness" from A Theory of JusticeRobert Nozick, "Distributive Justice" from Anarchy, State and UtopiaE. Just WarGeorge Mavrodes, "Conventions and the Morality of War"Robert Fullwinder, "War and Innocence"Lawrence A. Alexander, "Self-Defense and Non-Combatants"III. METAPHYSICS AND EPISTEMOLOGYKNOWLEDGE AND REALITYIntroductionA. Defining KnowledgePlato, "What is Knowledge?" (Selection from The Meno)Edmund Gettier, "Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?"Robert Nozick, "Knowledge"B. Skepticism and ResponsesDescartes, Meditations 1and2G.E. Moore, "Proof of an External World"G.E. Moore, "Certainty"Robert Nozick, "Skepticism"Jonathan Vogel, "Cartesian Skepticism and Inference to the Best Explanation"C. Knowledge and the Nature of RealityPlato, "The Allegory of the Cave"George Berkeley, Selections from "On the Principles of Human Knowledge"W.V.O. Quine, "Posits and Reality"Hilary Putnam, "Brains in a Vat"David Chalmers, "The Matrix as Metaphysics"Robert Nozick, "Fiction"D. InductionDavid Hume, "Induction"Wesley Salmon, Selections from The Problem of InductionNelson Goodman, "The New Riddle of Induction"METAPHYSICAL PERPLEXITIESIntroductionE. Time and Time TravelAlbert Einstein, "Time and the Relativity of Simultaneity"Theodore Sider, "Time"David Lewis, "The Paradoxes of Time Travel"F. Free WillA.J. Ayer, "Freedom and Necessity"Roderick Chisholm, "Human Freedom and the Self"Harry Frankfurt, "Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person"P.F. Strawson, "Freedom and Resentment"G. Identity and Personal. N° de ref. de la librería
Sinopsis: The Elements of Philosophy: Readings from Past and Present offers an extensive collection of classic and contemporary readings, organized topically into five main sections: Religion and Belief, Moral and Political Philosophy, Metaphysics and Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind and Language, and Life and Death. Within these broad areas, readings are arranged in clusters that address both traditional issues--such as the existence of God, justice and the state, knowledge and skepticism, and free will--and contemporary topics--including God and science, just war theory, vegetarianism, and time travel. Carefully chosen selections from a wide range of pre-20th-century philosophers are paired with writings from more than fifty leading contemporary philosophers and thinkers. The traditional philosophers represented range from Plato and Aristotle to Immanuel Kant and A.J. Ayer; the contemporary philosophers include Saul Kripke, David Lewis, Thomas Nagel, Derek Parfit, Hilary Putnam, Robert Nozick, Judith Jarvis Thomson, John Rawls, Bernard Williams, and Susan Wolf. Also included are selections from linguist Noam Chomsky, physicist Albert Einstein, and psychologist William James.
Edited by a team of scholars who are also highly esteemed instructors, The Elements of Philosophy is uniquely student-friendly. A team of undergraduate philosophy majors played a central role in helping to select topics, choose readings, and identify terms likely to require clarification. In response to their suggestions, the volume includes detailed introductions to each section, explanatory footnotes that define unfamiliar terms and concepts, an extensive glossary, and a guide to further resources. A companion Instructor's Manual, available on CD, offers article summaries, suggested essay questions, reading guides, model handouts, and sample syllabi. One of the most extensive and expansive anthologies available, The Elements of Philosophy is an ideal choice for both general and targeted introductory philosophy courses.
About the Author:
Tamar Szabo Gendler is Professor of Philosophy and Chair of the Cognitive Sciences Program at Yale University. Susanna Siegel is Professor of Philosophy at Harvard University. Steven Cahn is Professor of Philosophy at the Graduate School and University Center in the City University of New
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