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Ecotaxes on Polluting Inputs and Outputs

Paul P. Appasamy,Raja J. Chelliah,Rita Pandey,U. Sankar

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ISBN 10: 8171885845 / ISBN 13: 9788171885848
Editorial: Academic Foundation, 2007
Nuevos Condición: New Encuadernación de tapa dura
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Economic instruments have become increasingly popular worldwide as s strategy to achieve environmental goals. The National Environment Policy, 2006 recommends the use of economic instruments to supplement regulation. Unlike emission taxes or tradable permits which require legal and institutional capacity, ecotaxes on polluting inputs and outputs can be easily implemented through the existing system of central taxes. For dispersed non-point source pollution, a tax on input/output is an ideal instrument for controlling pollution. This volume contains ecotax proposals for coal, automobiles, detergents, paper and pulp, pesticides, fertilisers, lead acid batteries and plastics. CONTENTS IN DETAIL : List of Figures, Tables and Annexures Foreword Acknowledgements About the Authors 1. Introduction Externality Regulatory Approach Economic Approaches International and Domestic Support for Economic Instruments 2. Design and Implementation of Ecotaxes Why Ecotaxes? Coverage and Design Issues International Experience Scope of the Study 3. Coal Introduction Production Coal Demand Forecast Imports and Exports Pricing Royalty on Coal Environmental Problems Inferior Coal and Beneficiated Coal Coal Cess Based on Cost of Beneficiation Proposed Rates of Ecocess on Coal Estimate of Revenue from Ecocess Clean Coal Fund Conclusion 4. Automobiles Introduction Vehicular Pollution in India Ecotax Proposals in the Interim Report Comments on the Interim Report by SIAM and Modifications in the Proposals In-use Vehicles Recommendations 5. Chlorine Use in Pulp and Paper and Viscose Rayon Industries Introduction Industry Structure Cost Aspects Central Excise Duty on Paper Chlorine Production and Use Environmental Impact of Chlorine Comments by Industry Viscose Rayon Recommendations 6. Phosphate Based Detergents Introduction Detergent Industry Use of Phosphates Sodium Tri-Poly Phosphate (STPP) Detergent Use in India Regulatory Approaches Experiences in Other Countries Alternatives to Phosphates Central Excise Duty Comments by Detergent Manufacturers Recommendations 7. Chemical Pesticides and Biopesticides Introduction Pesticide Production in India Pesticide Use in India Pesticide Resistance Toxic Residues in Food Occupational Exposure Registration and Licensing of Pesticides Pricing of Pesticides The Biopesticide Market Botanical Pesticides Acceptance of Biopesticides by Farmers Recommendations 8. Fertilisers Introduction Fertiliser Use in India Fertiliser Consumption Per Hectare Fertiliser Pricing Policy Problems to be Considered Nitrate Pollution Biofertilisers Factors Favouring and Limiting the Use of Biofertilisers Fertiliser Taxes in Other Countries Comments by the Fertiliser Association of India Recommendations 9. Lead Acid Batteries Indian Battery Industry Indian Lead Sector Health Effects of Lead Why Dealers Sell Battery Scrap to Traders and not Battery Manufacturers Salient Features of Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001 The Main Issues at Hand Measures to Control Environmental Pollution from Batteries: International Experience Recommendations Revenue Implications 10. Plastics Introduction Background Recycling Plastic Wastes Biodegradability Bioplastics as an Alternative Other Disposal Options Government Initiatives Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) Ecotaxes on Plastic Bags Discussions with the Plastics Manufacturers Association Recommendations 11. Summary Coal Automobiles Chlorine Detergents Pesticides Fertilisers Lead Acid Batteries Plastics References I Printed Pages: 210. N° de ref. de la librería 43495

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Título: Ecotaxes on Polluting Inputs and Outputs

Editorial: Academic Foundation

Año de publicación: 2007

Encuadernación: Hardcover

Condición del libro:New

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The use of taxes to put pressure on polluters has had mixed results internationally, according to this study of economic instruments (EIs) as a means for cleaning up environmental-hazards. The analysis identifies several key considerations in structuring effective ecotaxes, including trade-offs between environmental and other goals, the size of the tax base, distortions in prices, the possibility of phasing in the taxes, incentives for compliance, and the advisability of earmarking of funds for environmental protection. Industries in India covered in the discussion include makers of automobiles, coal, fertilizers, lead acid batteries, paper and pulp, pesticides, plastics, phosphate-based detergents, and rayon.

About the Author:

Raja J. Chelliah is the chairman of Madras School of Economics. Paul P. Appasamy and U. Sankar are both professors at the Madras School of Economics. Rita Pandey is a professor at the National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.

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