Development of an Equation of State Incorporating Molecular Architecture

Kai Langenbach

Editorial: Shaker Verlag Aug 2013, 2013
ISBN 10: 3844021191 / ISBN 13: 9783844021196
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Neuware - The thermodynamic modelling of pure substances and mixtures has undergone large changes since the emergence of physically based equations of state that allow the description of thermodynamic properties in terms of the free energy. Most of these equations of state focus on the energetic interactions between equal or different functional groups and do not include the molecular architecture of the compounds in question other than through adjustable parameters typically fit to experimental data. For example if an isomer of a substance with similar molecular weight, but differing structure, is to be described, the whole set of parameters needs to be readjusted with this kind of theory. However, Freed and co-workers developed the Lattice Cluster Theory in which the molecular topology of a mixture's constituents directly enters into its free energy. As this theory is quite unwieldy in its original formulation, a simplification for engineering purposes is mandatory. Usually this simplification is performed by reducing the number of components from the multi-component case to e.g. two components and expanding the resulting equation in a series of its natural variables. In this thesis, the theory's complexity is reduced without losing any thermodynamic information in the multi-component case, by introduction of the segmental exchange interaction energy and subsequent re-summation and expansion in a multivariate series expansion. Furthermore, the coefficients of this series expansion are simplified using some graph invariants, showing that the unphysical contributions, which scale linear with the substances' molar mass in the original equations, cancel out exactly and the free energy only depends on a small subset of combinatorial numbers describing the molecular architecture. The newly developed equation of state is used to perform some theoretical calculations concerning the influence of molecular topology on thermodynamic behaviour. Afterwards the theory is applied to phase equilibria of pure compounds, binary and ternary mixtures. The influence of branching on vapour pressure is predicted correctly for the case of alkane isomers. Vapour-liquid equilibria are also investigated for binary mixtures and the proposed mixing rules correctly capture the phase behaviour. Liquid-liquid equilibria are investigated for binary and ternary mixtures in the compressible and incompressible case. In the incompressible case the upper critical solution temperature of the solution of branched polyethylene in diphenyl ether is predicted correctly for different molar masses. In the compressible case, the phase behaviour of two hyper-branched polymers in different solvents is calculated and vapour-liquid, liquid-liquid, as well as vapour-liquid-liquid behaviour is described in good agreement with experiment. 142 pp. Englisch. N° de ref. de la librería

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Título: Development of an Equation of State ...
Editorial: Shaker Verlag Aug 2013
Año de publicación: 2013
Encuadernación: Buch
Condición del libro: Neu

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Kai Langenbach
Editorial: Shaker Verlag GmbH, Germany 2013-08-13, Aachen (2013)
ISBN 10: 3844021191 ISBN 13: 9783844021196
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Descripción Shaker Verlag GmbH, Germany 2013-08-13, Aachen, 2013. paperback. Estado de conservación: New. Nº de ref. de la librería 9783844021196

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Kai Langenbach
Editorial: Shaker Verlag Aug 2013 (2013)
ISBN 10: 3844021191 ISBN 13: 9783844021196
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Descripción Shaker Verlag Aug 2013, 2013. Buch. Estado de conservación: Neu. Neuware - The thermodynamic modelling of pure substances and mixtures has undergone large changes since the emergence of physically based equations of state that allow the description of thermodynamic properties in terms of the free energy. Most of these equations of state focus on the energetic interactions between equal or different functional groups and do not include the molecular architecture of the compounds in question other than through adjustable parameters typically fit to experimental data. For example if an isomer of a substance with similar molecular weight, but differing structure, is to be described, the whole set of parameters needs to be readjusted with this kind of theory. However, Freed and co-workers developed the Lattice Cluster Theory in which the molecular topology of a mixture's constituents directly enters into its free energy. As this theory is quite unwieldy in its original formulation, a simplification for engineering purposes is mandatory. Usually this simplification is performed by reducing the number of components from the multi-component case to e.g. two components and expanding the resulting equation in a series of its natural variables. In this thesis, the theory's complexity is reduced without losing any thermodynamic information in the multi-component case, by introduction of the segmental exchange interaction energy and subsequent re-summation and expansion in a multivariate series expansion. Furthermore, the coefficients of this series expansion are simplified using some graph invariants, showing that the unphysical contributions, which scale linear with the substances' molar mass in the original equations, cancel out exactly and the free energy only depends on a small subset of combinatorial numbers describing the molecular architecture. The newly developed equation of state is used to perform some theoretical calculations concerning the influence of molecular topology on thermodynamic behaviour. Afterwards the theory is applied to phase equilibria of pure compounds, binary and ternary mixtures. The influence of branching on vapour pressure is predicted correctly for the case of alkane isomers. Vapour-liquid equilibria are also investigated for binary mixtures and the proposed mixing rules correctly capture the phase behaviour. Liquid-liquid equilibria are investigated for binary and ternary mixtures in the compressible and incompressible case. In the incompressible case the upper critical solution temperature of the solution of branched polyethylene in diphenyl ether is predicted correctly for different molar masses. In the compressible case, the phase behaviour of two hyper-branched polymers in different solvents is calculated and vapour-liquid, liquid-liquid, as well as vapour-liquid-liquid behaviour is described in good agreement with experiment. 142 pp. Englisch. Nº de ref. de la librería 9783844021196

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Kai Langenbach
Editorial: Shaker Verlag Aug 2013 (2013)
ISBN 10: 3844021191 ISBN 13: 9783844021196
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Descripción Shaker Verlag Aug 2013, 2013. Buch. Estado de conservación: Neu. Neuware - The thermodynamic modelling of pure substances and mixtures has undergone large changes since the emergence of physically based equations of state that allow the description of thermodynamic properties in terms of the free energy. Most of these equations of state focus on the energetic interactions between equal or different functional groups and do not include the molecular architecture of the compounds in question other than through adjustable parameters typically fit to experimental data. For example if an isomer of a substance with similar molecular weight, but differing structure, is to be described, the whole set of parameters needs to be readjusted with this kind of theory. However, Freed and co-workers developed the Lattice Cluster Theory in which the molecular topology of a mixture's constituents directly enters into its free energy. As this theory is quite unwieldy in its original formulation, a simplification for engineering purposes is mandatory. Usually this simplification is performed by reducing the number of components from the multi-component case to e.g. two components and expanding the resulting equation in a series of its natural variables. In this thesis, the theory's complexity is reduced without losing any thermodynamic information in the multi-component case, by introduction of the segmental exchange interaction energy and subsequent re-summation and expansion in a multivariate series expansion. Furthermore, the coefficients of this series expansion are simplified using some graph invariants, showing that the unphysical contributions, which scale linear with the substances' molar mass in the original equations, cancel out exactly and the free energy only depends on a small subset of combinatorial numbers describing the molecular architecture. The newly developed equation of state is used to perform some theoretical calculations concerning the influence of molecular topology on thermodynamic behaviour. Afterwards the theory is applied to phase equilibria of pure compounds, binary and ternary mixtures. The influence of branching on vapour pressure is predicted correctly for the case of alkane isomers. Vapour-liquid equilibria are also investigated for binary mixtures and the proposed mixing rules correctly capture the phase behaviour. Liquid-liquid equilibria are investigated for binary and ternary mixtures in the compressible and incompressible case. In the incompressible case the upper critical solution temperature of the solution of branched polyethylene in diphenyl ether is predicted correctly for different molar masses. In the compressible case, the phase behaviour of two hyper-branched polymers in different solvents is calculated and vapour-liquid, liquid-liquid, as well as vapour-liquid-liquid behaviour is described in good agreement with experiment. 142 pp. Englisch. Nº de ref. de la librería 9783844021196

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Kai Langenbach
Editorial: Shaker Verlag Aug 2013 (2013)
ISBN 10: 3844021191 ISBN 13: 9783844021196
Nuevos Cantidad: 2
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Descripción Shaker Verlag Aug 2013, 2013. Buch. Estado de conservación: Neu. Neuware - The thermodynamic modelling of pure substances and mixtures has undergone large changes since the emergence of physically based equations of state that allow the description of thermodynamic properties in terms of the free energy. Most of these equations of state focus on the energetic interactions between equal or different functional groups and do not include the molecular architecture of the compounds in question other than through adjustable parameters typically fit to experimental data. For example if an isomer of a substance with similar molecular weight, but differing structure, is to be described, the whole set of parameters needs to be readjusted with this kind of theory. However, Freed and co-workers developed the Lattice Cluster Theory in which the molecular topology of a mixture's constituents directly enters into its free energy. As this theory is quite unwieldy in its original formulation, a simplification for engineering purposes is mandatory. Usually this simplification is performed by reducing the number of components from the multi-component case to e.g. two components and expanding the resulting equation in a series of its natural variables. In this thesis, the theory's complexity is reduced without losing any thermodynamic information in the multi-component case, by introduction of the segmental exchange interaction energy and subsequent re-summation and expansion in a multivariate series expansion. Furthermore, the coefficients of this series expansion are simplified using some graph invariants, showing that the unphysical contributions, which scale linear with the substances' molar mass in the original equations, cancel out exactly and the free energy only depends on a small subset of combinatorial numbers describing the molecular architecture. The newly developed equation of state is used to perform some theoretical calculations concerning the influence of molecular topology on thermodynamic behaviour. Afterwards the theory is applied to phase equilibria of pure compounds, binary and ternary mixtures. The influence of branching on vapour pressure is predicted correctly for the case of alkane isomers. Vapour-liquid equilibria are also investigated for binary mixtures and the proposed mixing rules correctly capture the phase behaviour. Liquid-liquid equilibria are investigated for binary and ternary mixtures in the compressible and incompressible case. In the incompressible case the upper critical solution temperature of the solution of branched polyethylene in diphenyl ether is predicted correctly for different molar masses. In the compressible case, the phase behaviour of two hyper-branched polymers in different solvents is calculated and vapour-liquid, liquid-liquid, as well as vapour-liquid-liquid behaviour is described in good agreement with experiment. 142 pp. Englisch. Nº de ref. de la librería 9783844021196

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Kai Langenbach
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ISBN 10: 3844021191 ISBN 13: 9783844021196
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Descripción Shaker Verlag Aug 2013, 2013. Taschenbuch. Estado de conservación: Neu. Neuware - The thermodynamic modelling of pure substances and mixtures has undergone large changes since the emergence of physically based equations of state that allow the description of thermodynamic properties in terms of the free energy. Most of these equations of state focus on the energetic interactions between equal or different functional groups and do not include the molecular architecture of the compounds in question other than through adjustable parameters typically fit to experimental data. For example if an isomer of a substance with similar molecular weight, but differing structure, is to be described, the whole set of parameters needs to be readjusted with this kind of theory. However, Freed and co-workers developed the Lattice Cluster Theory in which the molecular topology of a mixture's constituents directly enters into its free energy. As this theory is quite unwieldy in its original formulation, a simplification for engineering purposes is mandatory. Usually this simplification is performed by reducing the number of components from the multi-component case to e.g. two components and expanding the resulting equation in a series of its natural variables. In this thesis, the theory's complexity is reduced without losing any thermodynamic information in the multi-component case, by introduction of the segmental exchange interaction energy and subsequent re-summation and expansion in a multivariate series expansion. Furthermore, the coefficients of this series expansion are simplified using some graph invariants, showing that the unphysical contributions, which scale linear with the substances' molar mass in the original equations, cancel out exactly and the free energy only depends on a small subset of combinatorial numbers describing the molecular architecture. The newly developed equation of state is used to perform some theoretical calculations concerning the influence of molecular topology on thermodynamic behaviour. Afterwards the theory is applied to phase equilibria of pure compounds, binary and ternary mixtures. The influence of branching on vapour pressure is predicted correctly for the case of alkane isomers. Vapour-liquid equilibria are also investigated for binary mixtures and the proposed mixing rules correctly capture the phase behaviour. Liquid-liquid equilibria are investigated for binary and ternary mixtures in the compressible and incompressible case. In the incompressible case the upper critical solution temperature of the solution of branched polyethylene in diphenyl ether is predicted correctly for different molar masses. In the compressible case, the phase behaviour of two hyper-branched polymers in different solvents is calculated and vapour-liquid, liquid-liquid, as well as vapour-liquid-liquid behaviour is described in good agreement with experiment. 142 pp. Englisch. Nº de ref. de la librería 9783844021196

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Kai Langenbach
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ISBN 10: 3844021191 ISBN 13: 9783844021196
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Descripción Shaker Verlag GmbH, Germany, 2013. Estado de conservación: New. Nº de ref. de la librería L9783844021196

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Langenbach, Kai
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ISBN 10: 3844021191 ISBN 13: 9783844021196
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Descripción Shaker Verlag GmbH, Germany, 2013. Paperback. Estado de conservación: Brand New. 142 pages. 9.37x6.65x0.59 inches. In Stock. Nº de ref. de la librería __3844021191

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Kai Langenbach
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Descripción Shaker Verlag GmbH, Germany, Germany, 2013. Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. Language: English . Brand New Book. Nº de ref. de la librería LIB9783844021196

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