in Cyrillic:] Osnovy Khimii [Principles of Chemistry].: MENDELEEV, Dmitry Ivanovich

in Cyrillic:] Osnovy Khimii [Principles of Chemistry].

MENDELEEV, Dmitry Ivanovich

Editorial: St Petersburg, (Tovarishchestvo 'Obshchestvennaja Pol'za', for the author), 1869-71, 1869
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5 parts in 2 vols, 8vo (179 x 111 mm), pp [ii] [i-] iii [-iv, with the first appearance of the periodic table] 816; [iv] 951 [1] with large folding table in vol II (apparently from another copy), vol I with 151 numbered illustrations in text and vol II with 28 numbered illustrations; a fine copy in contemporary Russian black half calf and black glazed boards, spine lettered in gold with author and title, and owner's initials 'E.R.', pink silk ribbon bookmark, joints slightly worn and tender, in a protective cloth box. First edition, a fine copy, containing the first appearance of the periodic table of the elements.'Mendeleyev was a Russian chemist whose name will always be linked with his outstanding achievement, the development of the periodic table. He was the first chemist to understand that all elements are related members of a single ordered system. He converted what had hitherto been a highly fragmented and speculative branch of chemistry into a true, logical science . According to Mendeleyev the properties of the elements, as well as those of their compounds, are periodic functions of their atomic weights (relative atomic masses). In 1869, he stated that "the elements arranged according to the magnitude of atomic weights show a periodic change of properties" .'Mendeleyev compiled the first true periodic table, listing all the 63 elements then known. Not all elements would "fit" properly using the atomic weights of the time, so he altered iridium from 76 to 114 (Modern value 114.8) and beryllium from 13.8 to 9.2 (modern value 9.013) .'Also, in order to make the table work Mendeleyev had to leave gaps, and he predicted that further elements would eventually be discovered to fit them. These predictions provided the strongest endorsement of the periodic law .'Far-sighted though Mendeleyev was, he had no notion that the periodic recurrences of similar properties in the list of elements reflect anything in the structure of their atoms. It was not until the 1920s that it was realized that the key parameter in the periodic system is not the atomic weight but the atomic number of the elements - a measure of the number of nuclear protons or electrons in the stable atom. Since then great progress has been made in explaining the periodic law in terms of the electronic structures of atoms and molecules' (Hutchinson Dictionary of scientific biography pp 475-7).'Mendeleev's work toward the Osnovy khimii thus led him to the periodic law, which he formulated in March 1869: "Elements placed according to the value of their atomic weights present a clear periodicity of properties".'Mendeleev's first report of his discovery was "Opyt sistemy elementov, osnovannoy na ikh atomnom vese i khimicheskom skhodstve" ("Attempt at a System of Elements Based on their atomic weight and chemical affinity"' (DSB). This is in fact in the Osnovy khimii, and is the heading to the periodic table that appears on p [iv] of the preface, which is dated March 1869. Mendeleev had discovered the periodic arrangement on March 1 1869, and immediately sent his draft to the printers for inclusion in the first part of his textbook Osnovy khimii, which had been printed but not yet distributed. This appearance of the table is from the same setting of type as two single-sheet printings, with legends in French and Russian, which were printed at the same time for presentation to colleagues. Mendeleev then at a later date presented a slightly modified version, with a different title, to the Russian Chemical Society, in whose Journal it was published (this is the work cited by Horblit). The Journal version utilises the same setting of type of the table itself (with minor variations due to locking up the type a second time), but with a different heading and additions to the text. It is therefore the second printing, with a revised text (for an offprint form, see below). Mendeleev himself makes clear, in the preface to the fifth edition of the Osnovy khimii, that he first publis. N° de ref. de la librería 3952

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Título: in Cyrillic:] Osnovy Khimii [Principles of ...

Editorial: St Petersburg, (Tovarishchestvo 'Obshchestvennaja Pol'za', for the author), 1869-71

Año de publicación: 1869

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