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Cosmographia, sive Descriptio universi Orbis, Petri Apiani & Gemmae Frisii.

APIANUS, Petrus (1495-1552) - GEMMA, Frisius (1508-1555).

Editorial: Antwerp: Joannes Beller, 1584., 1584
Librería: Arader Galleries - Aradernyc (New York, NY, Estados Unidos de America)

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4to., (8 2/8 x 6 inches). Title-page with large woodcut of a globe. Woodcut geographical and astronomical diagrams throughout, including four with fine volvelles on C2v, D1r (3 volvelles and thread pointer), I1r (3 volvelles), 2A2v (2 volvelles) (C3v without thread pointer), and with a fine folding world map, woodcut head- and tail-pieces and initials (some pale dampstaining). Contemporary calf (recased preserving most of the original binding). Provenance: Royal supra libros on the front and back covers. Apianus's "Cosmographia" was first published in 1524, and so popular that it was published in twenty-nine editions before 1600. It contains a reduced version of Apianius’s celebrated cordiform world map "Charta Cosmographica." after Waldseemuller’s map of 1507, which was first included in the edition of 1545. Apianus was professor of mathematics, holding chairs at Ingolstadt and Innsbruck, and a great astronomer. These skills combined with his interest in geography led to the establishment of his own printing press in Landshut. North America is depicted as a narrow stretch of land extending almost eastwards. Cuba and Hispaniola are shown as huge islands and the Mountains of the Moon considered the source of the River Nile. A 'truncated' cordiform projection is used which prevents the south polar regions being represented. The map is bordered by signs of the zodiac and the Ptolemaic climatic zones. Zeus and Mars, wearing the coats of arms of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, are shown atop the map while wind-heads at the south represent the traditional believed plague-bearing nature of those winds. The map is highly decorative but also an important milestone in the history of cartography as it is one of the earliest maps to show a representation of America, or the name itself. "Climata Australia" appears in the woodcut on page 15, and in the left-hand margin of the map. This edition of the "Cosmographia" has been enlarged by Apianus’s student Frisius Gemma and was first published in 1529, and is now further enlarged to include material by le Docteur Francisque Lopez de Gomara concerning America ("Situs ac Descriptio Novi Orbis, seu Indiarum Occidentalium" pages 168-187) originally published in the Spanish edition, Antwerp, 1575. Gemma was a gifted mathematician, cartographer, maker of fine scientific instruments as well as Apianus’s student. His edition of Apianus’s "Cosmographia" "was one of the most popular texts of the time and was translated into all major European languages" (DSB). It includes Gemma’s description of how triangulation is used in surveying and mapping first published in 1533: "the first to propose - and illustrate - the principle of triangulation as a means of carefully locating places and accurately mapping areas" (DSB). Catalogued by Kate Hunter. N° de ref. de la librería 72lib310

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Detalles bibliográficos

Título: Cosmographia, sive Descriptio universi Orbis...

Editorial: Antwerp: Joannes Beller, 1584.

Año de publicación: 1584

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