Embedded systems are ubiquitous. They appear in cell phones, microwave ovens, refrigerators, consumer electronics, cars, and jets. Some of these embedded s- tems are safety- or security-critical such as in medical equipment, nuclear plants, and X-by-wire control systems in naval, ground and aerospace transportation - hicles. With the continuing shift from hardware to software, embedded systems are increasingly dominated by embedded software. Embedded software is complex. Its engineering inherently involves a mul- disciplinary interplay with the physics of the embedding system or environment. Embedded software also comes in ever larger quantity and diversity. The next generation of premium automobiles will carry around one gigabyte of binary code. The proposed US DDX submarine is e?ectively a ?oating embedded so- ware system, comprising 30 billion lines of code written in over 100 programming languages. Embedded software is expensive. Cost estimates are quoted at around US$15? 30 per line (from commencement to shipping). In the defense realm, costs can range up to $100, while for highly critical applications, such as the Space Shuttle, the cost per line approximates $1,000. In view of the exponential increase in complexity, the projected costs of future embedded software are staggering.
This book provides a good opportunity for software engineering practitioners and researchers to get in sync with the current state-of-the-art and future trends in component-based embedded software research. The book is based on a selective compilation of papers that cover the complete component-based embedded software spectrum, ranging from methodology to tools. Methodology aspects covered by the book include functional and non-functional specification, validation, verification, and component architecture. As tools are a critical success factor in the transfer from academia-generated knowledge to industry-ready technology, an important part of the book is devoted to tools.
This state-of-the-art survey contains 16 carefully selected papers organised in topical sections on specification and verification, component compatibility, component architectures, implementation and tool support, as well as non-functional properties.
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