ISBN 10: 0385720386 / ISBN 13: 9780385720380
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Brand New, Unread Copy in Perfect Condition. A+ Customer Service! Summary: List of Maps Preface CHAPTER ONE Why the West Has Won Enlightened Thugs The Primacy of Battle Ideas of the West The Western Way of War PART ONE CREATION CHAPTER TWO Freedomor "To Live as You Please" Salamis, September 28, 480 B.C. The Drowned The Achaemenids and Freedom The Persian Wars and the Strategy of Salamis The Battle Eleutheria The Legacy of Salamis CHAPTER THREE Decisive Battle Gaugamela, October 1, 331 B.C. Angles of Vision The Macedonian Military Machine Killing Spree Decisive Battle and Western Warfare CHAPTER FOUR Citizen Soldiers Cannae, August 2, 216 B.C. A Summer Slaughter Hannibal's Jaws Carthage and the West Legions of Rome The Idea of a Nation-in-Arms "Rulers of the Entire World"the Legacy of Civic Militarism PART TWO CONTINUITY CHAPTER FIVE Landed Infantry Poitiers, October 11, 732 Horse Versus Foot The Wall The Hammer Islam Ascendant Dark Ages? Infantry, Property, and Citizenship Poitiers and Beyond CHAPTER SIX Technology and the Wages of Reason Tenochtitlan, June 24, 1520August 13, 1521 The Battles for Mexico City Aztec War The Mind of the Conquistadors Spanish Rationalism Why Did the Castilians Win? Reason and War CHAPTER SEVEN The Marketor Capitalism Kills Lepanto, October 7, 1571 Galley War Legends of Lepanto Europe and the Ottomans Capitalism, the Ottoman Economy, and Islam War and the Market PART THREE CONTROL CHAPTER EIGHT Disciplineor Warriors Are Not Always Soldiers Rorke's Drift, January 2223, 1879 Killing Fields The Imperial Way Zulu Power and Impotence Courage Is Not Necessarily Discipline CHAPTER NINE Individualism Midway, June 48, 1942 Floating Infernos The Annihilation of the Devastators The Imperial Fleet Moves Out Western and Non-Western Japan Spontaneity and Individual Initiative at Midway Individualism in Western Warfare CHAPTER TEN Dissent and Self-Critique Tet, January 31April 6, 1968 Battles Against the Cities Victory as Defeat Aftermath War amid Audit, Scrutiny, and Self-Critique EPILOGUE Western WarfarePast and Future The Hellenic Legacy Other Battles? The Singularity of Western Military Culture The Continuity of Western Lethality The West Versus the West? AFTERWORD Carnage and Culture after September 11, 2001 GLOSSARY FOR FURTHER READING INDEX. N° de ref. de la librería

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Sinopsis: Examining nine landmark battles from ancient to modern times--from Salamis, where outnumbered Greeks devastated the slave army of Xerxes, to Cortes’s conquest of Mexico to the Tet offensive--Victor Davis Hanson explains why the armies of the West have been the most lethal and effective of any fighting forces in the world.

Looking beyond popular explanations such as geography or superior technology, Hanson argues that it is in fact Western culture and values–the tradition of dissent, the value placed on inventiveness and adaptation, the concept of citizenship–which have consistently produced superior arms and soldiers. Offering riveting battle narratives and a balanced perspective that avoids simple triumphalism, Carnage and Culture demonstrates how armies cannot be separated from the cultures that produce them and explains why an army produced by a free culture will always have the advantage.

Review: Many theories have been offered regarding why Western culture has spread so successfully across the world, with arguments ranging from genetics to superior technology to the creation of enlightened economic, moral, and political systems. In Carnage and Culture, military historian Victor Hanson takes all of these factors into account in making a bold, and sure to be controversial, argument: Westerners are more effective killers. Focusing specifically on military power rather than the nature of Western civilization in general, Hanson views war as the ultimate reflection of a society's character: "There is...a cultural crystallization in battle, in which the insidious and more subtle institutions that heretofore are murky and undefined became stark and unforgiving in the finality of organized killing."

Though technological advances and superior weapons have certainly played a role in Western military dominance, Hanson posits that cultural distinctions are the most significant factors. By bringing personal freedom, discipline, and organization to the battlefield, powerful "marching democracies" were more apt to defeat non-Western nations hampered by unstable governments, limited funding, and intolerance of open discussion. These crucial differences often ensured victory even against long odds. Greek armies, for instance, who elected their own generals and freely debated strategy were able to win wars even when far outnumbered and deep within enemy territory. Hanson further argues that granting warriors control of their own destinies results in the kind of glorification of horrific hand-to-hand combat necessary for true domination.

The nine battles Hanson examines include the Greek naval victory against the Persians at Salamis in 480 B.C., Cortes's march on Mexico City in 1521, the battle of Midway in 1942, and the 1968 Tet Offensive in Vietnam. In the book's fascinating final chapter, he then looks forward and ponders the consequences of a complete cultural victory, challenging the widespread belief that democratic nations do not wage war against one another: "We may well be all Westerners in the millennium to come, and that could be a very dangerous thing indeed," he writes. It seems the West will always seek an enemy, even if it must come from within. --Shawn Carkonen

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Victor Hanson
Editorial: Anchor (2002)
ISBN 10: 0385720386 ISBN 13: 9780385720380
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Descripción Anchor, 2002. Paperback. Estado de conservación: Good. Nº de ref. de la librería mon0001564285

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Descripción Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. Paperback. Estado de conservación: Fair. Nº de ref. de la librería G0385720386I5N00

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Descripción Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. Paperback. Estado de conservación: Very Good. Book has appearance of light use with no easily noticeable wear. Nº de ref. de la librería G0385720386I4N00

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Descripción Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. Paperback. Estado de conservación: Good. Only lightly used. Book has minimal wear to cover and binding. A few pages may have small creases and minimal underlining. Nº de ref. de la librería G0385720386I3N00

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Victor Davis Hanson
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Descripción Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. Paperback. Estado de conservación: Good. Ex-Library Book - will contain Library Markings. Book shows minor use. Cover and Binding have minimal wear and the pages have only minimal creases. Nº de ref. de la librería G0385720386I3N10

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Victor Davis Hanson
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Descripción Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. Paperback. Estado de conservación: Fair. Nº de ref. de la librería G0385720386I5N00

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Victor Davis Hanson
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Descripción Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. Paperback. Estado de conservación: Good. Book shows minor use. Cover and Binding have minimal wear and the pages have only minimal creases. Nº de ref. de la librería G0385720386I3N00

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Victor D. Hanson
Editorial: Anchor (2002)
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Descripción Anchor, 2002. Estado de conservación: GOOD. book was well loved but cared for. Possible ex-library copy with all the usual markings and stickers. Some light textual notes, highlighting and underling. Nº de ref. de la librería 2812274673

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