Society is complicated. But this book argues that this does not place it beyond the reach of a science that can help to explain and perhaps even to predict social behaviour. As a system made up of many interacting agents – people, groups, institutions and governments, as well as physical and technological structures such as roads and computer networks – society can be regarded as a complex system. In recent years, scientists have made great progress in understanding how such complex systems operate, ranging from animal populations to earthquakes and weather. These systems show behaviours that cannot be predicted or intuited by focusing on the individual components, but which emerge spontaneously as a consequence of their interactions: they are said to be ‘self-organized’. Attempts to direct or manage such emergent properties generally reveal that ‘top-down’ approaches, which try to dictate a particular outcome, are ineffectual, and that what is needed instead is a ‘bottom-up’ approach that aims to guide self-organization towards desirable states.
This book shows how some of these ideas from the science of complexity can be applied to the study and management of social phenomena, including traffic flow, economic markets, opinion formation and the growth and structure of cities. Building on these successes, the book argues that the complex-systems view of the social sciences has now matured sufficiently for it to be possible, desirable and perhaps essential to attempt a grander objective: to integrate these efforts into a unified scheme for studying, understanding and ultimately predicting what happens in the world we have made. Such a scheme would require the mobilization and collaboration of many different research communities, and would allow society and its interactions with the physical environment to be explored through realistic models and large-scale data collection and analysis. It should enable us to find new and effective solutions to major global problems such as conflict, disease, financial instability, environmental despoliation and poverty, while avoiding unintended policy consequences. It could give us the foresight to anticipate and ameliorate crises, and to begin tackling some of the most intractable problems of the twenty-first century.
"Sinopsis" puede pertenecer a otra edición de este libro.
Philip Ball http://www.philipball.co.uk/ is a very well known science writer, former editor for Nature, and author of many popular science books.Review:
From the reviews:“Phil Ball’s little book is one of the best summaries I have come across on complexity theory and its applications. This little triumph of clarity argues that society’s problems are those of highly connected systems. ... Nice gentle text. If are a newcomer to complexity sciences, then read this first.” (Urban Models + Spatial Complexity + Smart Cities, August, 2012)
"Sobre este título" puede pertenecer a otra edición de este libro.
Descripción 2012. PAP. Estado de conservación: New. New Book.Shipped from US within 10 to 14 business days. Established seller since 2000. Nº de ref. de la librería IB-9783642289996
Descripción Estado de conservación: New. Nº de ref. de la librería 17844448-n
Descripción Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2012-06-08, Berlin, 2012. paperback. Estado de conservación: New. Nº de ref. de la librería 9783642289996
Descripción Springer, 2012. Estado de conservación: New. Nº de ref. de la librería UA9783642289996
Descripción Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. Nº de ref. de la librería 5217821
Descripción Springer, 2012. Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. Never used!. Nº de ref. de la librería 3642289991
Descripción Springer Verlag, 2012. Paperback. Estado de conservación: Brand New. 2012 edition. 80 pages. 10.94x8.27x0.31 inches. In Stock. Nº de ref. de la librería __3642289991
Descripción Springer, 2012. Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. book. Nº de ref. de la librería M3642289991
Descripción Springer, 2012. Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. This item is printed on demand. Nº de ref. de la librería INGM9783642289996
Descripción Springer, 2012. Paperback. Estado de conservación: NEW. 9783642289996 This listing is a new book, a title currently in-print which we order directly and immediately from the publisher. Nº de ref. de la librería HTANDREE01371450