Ã‰mile Zola, nÃ© Ã Paris le 2 avril 1840, mort Ã Paris le 29 septembre 1902, est un Ã©crivain, journaliste et homme public franÃ§ais, considÃ©rÃ© comme le chef de file du naturalisme.C est l'un des romanciers franÃ§ais les plus universellement populaires, l'un des plus publiÃ©s et traduits au monde. Ses romans ont connu de trÃ¨s nombreuses adaptations au cinÃ©ma et Ã la tÃ©lÃ©vision. Sa vie et son uvre ont fait l'objet de nombreuses Ã©tudes historiques. Sur le plan littÃ©raire, il est principalement connu pour Les Rougon-Macquart, fresque romanesque en vingt volumes dÃ©peignant la sociÃ©tÃ© franÃ§aise sous le Second Empire. Les derniÃ¨res annÃ©es de sa vie ont Ã©tÃ© marquÃ©es par son engagement dans l'affaire Dreyfus avec la publication en janvier 1898, dans le quotidien L'Aurore, de l'article intitulÃ© Â« J Accuse...! Â» qui lui a valu un procÃ¨s pour diffamation et un exil Ã Londres.
Ã‰mile FranÃ§ois Zola (2 April 1840 29 September 1902) was an influential French writer, the most important exemplar of the literary school of naturalism, an important contributor to the development of theatrical naturalism, and a major figure in the political liberalization of France and in the exoneration of the falsely accused and convicted army officer Alfred Dreyfus. More than half of Zola's novels were part of this set of 20 collectively known as Les Rougon-Macquart. Unlike Balzac who in the midst of his literary career resynthesized his work into La ComÃ©die Humaine, Zola from the outset at the age of 28 had thought of the complete layout of the series. Set in France's Second Empire, the series traces the "environmental" influences of violence, alcohol, and prostitution which became more prevalent during the second wave of the industrial revolution. The series examines two branches of a single family: the respectable (that is, legitimate) Rougons and the disreputable (illegitimate) Macquarts, for five generations. From 1877 onwards with the publication of l'Assommoir, Ã‰mile Zola became wealthy he was better paid than Victor Hugo, for example. He became a figurehead among the literary bourgeoisie and organized cultural dinners with Guy de Maupassant, Joris-Karl Huysmans and other writers at his luxurious villa in Medan near Paris after 1880. Germinal in 1885, then the three 'cities', Lourdes in 1894, Rome in 1896 and Paris in 1897, established Zola as a successful author. His works, inspired by the concepts of heredity (Claude Bernard), social manichaeism and idealistic socialism, resonate with those of Nadar, Manet and subsequently Flaubert. - Wikipedia
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?mile Zola was a French writer who is recognized as an exemplar of literary naturalism and for his contributions to the development of theatrical naturalism. Zola s best-known literary works include the twenty-volume Les Rougon-Macquart, an epic work that examined the influences of violence, alcohol and prostitution on French society through the experiences of two families, the Rougons and the Macquarts. Other remarkable works by Zola include Contes ? Ninon, Les Myst?res de Marseille, and Th?r?se Raquin.
In addition to his literary contributions, Zola played a key role in the Dreyfus Affair of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. His newspaper article J Accuse accused the highest levels of the French military and government of obstruction of justice and anti-semitism, for which he was convicted of libel in 1898. After a brief period of exile in England, Zola returned to France where he died in 1902. ?mile Zola is buried in the Panth?on alongside other esteemed literary figures Victor Hugo and Alexandre Dumas.
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