Cathar Castles: Fortresses of the Albigensian Crusade 1209–1300

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9781846030666: Cathar Castles: Fortresses of the Albigensian Crusade 1209–1300

In the early 12th century AD a large area of present-day France was not under the direct control of the French king. In fact, the French king's direct authority stretched little further than Paris and the area immediately around it, the Ile de France. Many of the other regions were semi-independent duchies and counties, controlled by, amongst others, the King of England and the Holy Roman Emperor. One such area free from direct French control was the Languedoc, the area stretching from the Massif Central south to the Pyrenees, and as far as the river Rhone to the east. This area was under the loose overlordship of the counts of Toulouse, and by the beginning of the 12th century the whole region had become the centre of an early form of Protestantism called Catharism that flourished to an extraordinary degree and threatened the rule of the Roman Catholic Church. Pope Innocent III, alarmed at this heresy and the unwillingness of the southern nobility to do much to uproot it, launched a crusade in 1209 against European Christians. The crusading army, represented the established Church consisting predominatly of northern French knights. They saw this as an opportunity both to 'take the cross' and to obtain new lands and wealth for themselves more conveniently than crusading to the Holy land. This, the Albigensian Crusade, became a brutal struggle between the north and the south of France as much as between orthodox Roman Catholic and heretic Cathar.

The inhabitants of the Languedoc had always relied for their safety upon a series of strongly fortified walled cities, such as Albi, Carcassonne, B_ziers, Toulouse and a large number of fortified hill-top villages and castles which dotted the countryside. These so-called 'Cathar Castles' now became the last refuge against the invading crusaders and the conflict developed into a series of protracted and bloody sieges that lasted for over 30 years. The author describes these two very different types of fortification, the walled city and the hill-top castle. He explains why they were positioned where they were, how they were built, and the defensive principles behind their construction, and also reviews how well they withstood the test of the Albigensian Crusade.

Related Titles
The Crusades (Essential Histories)
Medieval Siege Warfare (Elite)
French Medieval Armies 1000-1300 (Men-at-Arms)

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About the Author:

Marcus Cowper studied medieval history at the universities of Manchester and Birmingham. He specialized in High and Late Medieval Church history, and received his postgraduate degree for a study on the impact of heresy in the locality. He has edited Osprey military history books for over seven years and is one of the editors responsible for the creation of the Fortress series. The author lives in Oxford, England.

Review:

“While not directly related to coast defense, this book is compelling, both from a human perspective and from the perspectiuve of medieval fortifications and siegcraft. From either aspect, this is an excellent book and well recommended.” ―Bolling Smith, Coast Defense Journal

“This book makes both a useful guide and history of the fortifications in the region of Languedoc... The book serves as a useful resource, especially since most books on the Cathars and their fortifications are only in French.” ―J.E. Kauffman, The Coastal Defence Journal

“...ably illustrated by Peter Dennis and further enhanced by photographs of the sites as they are today. I found his drawings and cut-aways to be especially informative and gives an idea of what it was like to be in these places during times of siege. Overall, another fascinating book from the folks at Osprey. I always learn from these books and find them to be an excellent resource. It is a book you can buy with confidence.” ―Scott Van Aken, modelingmadness.com

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Marcus Cowper
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ISBN 10: 1846030668 ISBN 13: 9781846030666
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Descripción Bloomsbury Publishing PLC, United Kingdom, 2006. Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. Peter Dennis Ilustrador. Language: English . Brand New Book. In the early 12th century AD, a large part of what we now think of as France was not under the direct control of the French King who s authority stretched little further than Paris. One region of Southern France, the Languedoc, became the centre of Catharism - heresy in the eyes of the Pope - who ordered a crusade against the region. The crusading army of French knights seized the opportunity to gain land and riches and the crusade was a viciously waged. The inhabitants of the Languedoc had always relied for their safety upon as series of strongly fortified walled cities - Albi, Carcassonne, Beziers, Toulouse - as well as a large number of fortified hill-top villages and castles, castra , which dotted the countryside. This book will describe the so-called Cathar castles , why they were positioned where they were, how they were built, how well those they withstood the realities of the Albigensian Crusade. Nº de ref. de la librería AAC9781846030666

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Descripción Bloomsbury Publishing PLC, United Kingdom, 2006. Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. Peter Dennis Ilustrador. Language: English . This book usually ship within 10-15 business days and we will endeavor to dispatch orders quicker than this where possible. Brand New Book. In the early 12th century AD, a large part of what we now think of as France was not under the direct control of the French King who s authority stretched little further than Paris. One region of Southern France, the Languedoc, became the centre of Catharism - heresy in the eyes of the Pope - who ordered a crusade against the region. The crusading army of French knights seized the opportunity to gain land and riches and the crusade was a viciously waged. The inhabitants of the Languedoc had always relied for their safety upon as series of strongly fortified walled cities - Albi, Carcassonne, Beziers, Toulouse - as well as a large number of fortified hill-top villages and castles, castra , which dotted the countryside. This book will describe the so-called Cathar castles , why they were positioned where they were, how they were built, how well those they withstood the realities of the Albigensian Crusade. Nº de ref. de la librería BTE9781846030666

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Descripción Bloomsbury Publishing PLC, United Kingdom, 2006. Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. Peter Dennis Ilustrador. Language: English . Brand New Book. In the early 12th century AD, a large part of what we now think of as France was not under the direct control of the French King who s authority stretched little further than Paris. One region of Southern France, the Languedoc, became the centre of Catharism - heresy in the eyes of the Pope - who ordered a crusade against the region. The crusading army of French knights seized the opportunity to gain land and riches and the crusade was a viciously waged. The inhabitants of the Languedoc had always relied for their safety upon as series of strongly fortified walled cities - Albi, Carcassonne, Beziers, Toulouse - as well as a large number of fortified hill-top villages and castles, castra , which dotted the countryside. This book will describe the so-called Cathar castles , why they were positioned where they were, how they were built, how well those they withstood the realities of the Albigensian Crusade. Nº de ref. de la librería AAC9781846030666

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Descripción Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. Paperback. In the early 12th century AD, a large part of what we now think of as France was not under the direct control of the French King who's authority stretched little further than Paris. One re.Shipping may be from multiple locations in the US or from the UK, depending on stock availability. 64 pages. 0.213. Nº de ref. de la librería 9781846030666

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Descripción Osprey Publishing. Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. Peter Dennis Ilustrador. 64 pages. Dimensions: 9.5in. x 7.1in. x 0.2in.In the early 12th century AD a large area of present-day France was not under the direct control of the French king. In fact, the French kings direct authority stretched little further than Paris and the area immediately around it, the Ile de France. Many of the other regions were semi-independent duchies and counties, controlled by, amongst others, the King of England and the Holy Roman Emperor. One such area free from direct French control was the Languedoc, the area stretching from the Massif Central south to the Pyrenees, and as far as the river Rhone to the east. This area was under the loose overlordship of the counts of Toulouse, and by the beginning of the 12th century the whole region had become the centre of an early form of Protestantism called Catharism that flourished to an extraordinary degree and threatened the rule of the Roman Catholic Church. Pope Innocent III, alarmed at this heresy and the unwillingness of the southern nobility to do much to uproot it, launched a crusade in 1209 against European Christians. The crusading army, represented the established Church consisting predominatly of northern French knights. They saw this as an opportunity both to take the cross and to obtain new lands and wealth for themselves more conveniently than crusading to the Holy land. This, the Albigensian Crusade, became a brutal struggle between the north and the south of France as much as between orthodox Roman Catholic and heretic Cathar. The inhabitants of the Languedoc had always relied for their safety upon a series of strongly fortified walled cities, such as Albi, Carcassonne, Bziers, Toulouse and a large number of fortified hill-top villages and castles which dotted the countryside. These so-called Cathar Castles now became the last refuge against the invading crusaders and the conflict developed into a series of protracted and bloody sieges that lasted for over 30 years. The author describes these two very different types of fortification, the walled city and the hill-top castle. He explains why they were positioned where they were, how they were built, and the defensive principles behind their construction, and also reviews how well they withstood the test of the Albigensian Crusade. Related TitlesThe Crusades (Essential Histories)Medieval Siege Warfare (Elite)French Medieval Armies 1000-1300 (Men-at-Arms) This item ships from multiple locations. Your book may arrive from Roseburg,OR, La Vergne,TN. Paperback. Nº de ref. de la librería 9781846030666

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