The Roman pronunciation of Latin; why we use it and how to use it

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9781458999177: The Roman pronunciation of Latin; why we use it and how to use it

. 1894 edition. : ...teste Varrone et Didymo, qui id ei nomen esse ostendunt. Pro quo Caesar hanc J figuram scribi voluit, quod quamvis illi recte visum est tamen consuetudo antiqua superavit. Adeo autem hoc verum est quod pro Aeolico digamma f u ponitur. What then was the sound of this Aeolic digamma or /3av? Priscian says: Keil. v. II. p. 11. f Aeolicum digamma, quod apud antiquissimos Latinorum eandem vim quam apud Aeolis habuit. Eum autem prope sonum quem nunc habet significabat p cum aspiratione, sicut etiam apud veteres Graecos pro t T et Y; unde nunc quoque in Graecis nominibus antiquam scripturam servamus, pro $ p et h ponentes, ut Orpheus, Phaethon. Postea vero in Latinis verbis placuit pro p et h, f scribi, ut fama,filius, facio, loco autem digamma u pro consonante, quod cognatione soni videbatur affinis esse digamma ea littera. The Latin u consonant is here distinctly stated to be akin to the Greek digamma (p) in sound. Now the office of the Greek digamma was apparently manifold. It stood for s, /3 (Eng. v), y, x, t, and for the breathings 'rough' and 'smooth.' Sometimes the sound of the digamma is given, we are told, where the character itself is not written. It is said that in the neighborhood of Olympia it is to-day pronounced, though not written, between two vowels as /3 (Eng. v). Which of these various sounds should be given the digamma appears to have been determined by the law of euphony. It was sometimes written but not sounded (like our h). The question then is, which of these various sounds of the digamma is represented by the Latin u consonant, or does it represent all, or none, of these. Speaking of f, Priscian says: Keil. v. II. p. 35. Antiqui Romanorum Aeolis sequentes loco aspirationis eam (f) ponebant, effugientes ipsi quoque aspirationem, et maxime cum consonante recusabant eam proferre in Latino sermone. Habebat autem haec f littera hunc sonum quem nunc habet u loco consonantis posita, unde antiqui af pro ab Scribere solebant; sed...

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