This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text, images, or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1917. Not illustrated. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER II THE PROBLEM OF FINDING A FIRST "JOB" The importance of the employment agency in the industrial or economic adjustment of the immigrant becomes apparent with the first work undertaken in his behalf. Ignorant of our language, of the country, and of the American standard of wages, and compelled by his poverty to secure immediate employment, the immigrant is especially defenseless when he offers himself in the labor market. And at no time does he need disinterested guidance and help more than in securing his first work. Yet, he is dependent in most cases upon the private employment agent; and he becomes, because of his ignorance and his necessities, a great temptation to an honest agent and a great opportunity to an unscrupulous one. For this reason, an investigation of the Chicago labor agencies was made by the Immigrants' Protective League in order to determine what kinds of work may be obtained through these agencies by the immigrant man or woman, in what ways they are exploited, and what changes in the laws are necessary to reduce such exploitation to a minimum.1 In the course of the investigation 178 agencies were investigated, and 110 of them were found to make a specialty of placing foreigners. *A report of this investigation was published in the American Journal of Sociology, XIV: 289-305, "The Chicago Employment Agency and the Immigrant Worker," Grace Abbott. Since all the agencies in the neighborhood of any of Chicago's foreign colonies were visited and also those in the downtown district, it is believed that all those which handle immigrants in any large numbers were covered in the investigation. As the industrial problems and difficulties of the immi 'grant man and woman are quite different, their relation to the employment agent mus...
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