Antike Mesopotamische Stadt: Babylon, Akkad, Mari, Gaugamela, Ur, Dura Europos, Şanlıurfa, Ninive, Aššur, Kar-Tukulti-Ninurta, Uruk

 
9781159111472: Antike Mesopotamische Stadt: Babylon, Akkad, Mari, Gaugamela, Ur, Dura Europos, Şanlıurfa, Ninive, Aššur, Kar-Tukulti-Ninurta, Uruk
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Dieser Inhalt ist eine Zusammensetzung von Artikeln aus der frei verfügbaren Wikipedia-Enzyklopädie. Seiten: 210. Nicht dargestellt. Kapitel: Babylon, Akkad, Mari, Gaugamela, Ur, Dura Europos, Şanlıurfa, Ninive, Aššur, Kar-Tukulti-Ninurta, Uruk, Seleukia-Ktesiphon, Harran, Nippur, Kumme, Šabirešu, Karkemiš, Borsippa, Nuzi, Nisibis, Dur Šarrukin, Šuruppak, Halpa, Girsu, Kiš, Dara-Anastasiupolis, Adab, Ešnunna, Arrapcha, Aquarquf, Eridu, Lagaš, Nimrud, Isin, Opis, Sura, Pumbedita, Charax-Spasinu, Der, Nehardea, Singara, Umma, Apameia in Der Mesene, Tell Agreb, Tell Uqair, Forat, Teredon, Nina, Mahuza, Nabula, Vologesias, Apologos. Auszug: Royal Family of Akkad The Akkadian Empire was an empire centered in the city of Akkad (Sumerian: Agade , Arabic: أكد, Assyrian: ܐܵܟܟܵܐܕ , Hittite KUR A.GA.DÈKI "land of Akkad"; Biblical Hebrew אַכַּד ) and its surrounding region (Akkadian URU Akkad KI) in Ancient Iraq, (Mesopotamia). The Akkadian state was the predecessor of the ethnic Akkadian states of Babylonia and Assyria; formed following centuries of Akkadian cultural synergy with Sumerians, it reached the height of its power between the 24th and 22nd centuries BC following the conquests of king Sargon of Akkad, and is sometimes regarded as the first manifestation of an empire in history. During the third millennium BC, an intimate cultural symbiosis developed between the Sumerians and the Akkadians, which included widespread bilingualism. The influence of Sumerian on Akkadian (and vice versa) is evident in all areas, from lexical borrowing on a massive scale, to syntactic, morphological, and phonological convergence. This has prompted scholars to refer to Sumerian and Akkadian in the third millennium as a Sprachbund. Akkadian gradually replaced Sumerian as the spoken language of Mesopotamia somewhere around the turn of the 3rd and the 2nd millennium BC (the exact dating being a matter of debate), but Sumerian continued to be used as a sacred, ceremonial, literary and scie...

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