20th Century in East Timor: Indonesian Occupation of East Timor, Indonesian Invasion of East Timor, Balibo Five, Santa Cruz Massacre, Falintil

 
9781158074129: 20th Century in East Timor: Indonesian Occupation of East Timor, Indonesian Invasion of East Timor, Balibo Five, Santa Cruz Massacre, Falintil
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 120. Not illustrated. Chapters: Indonesian Occupation of East Timor, Indonesian Invasion of East Timor, Balibo Five, Santa Cruz Massacre, Falintil, Battle of Aidabasalala, International Force for East Timor, Gastão Salsinha, Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor, Liquiçá Church Massacre, Besi Merah Putih, United Nations Mission in East Timor, Aitarak, East Timor Special Autonomy Referendum, 1999 East Timorese Crisis, Eurico Guterres, Timor Gap Treaty, Abílio José Osório Soares, Suai Church Massacre, Manuel Carrascalão House Massacre, Kamal Bamadhaj, Pro-Indonesia Militia, National Council of Maubere Resistance, Laksaur. Excerpt: Indonesia occupied East Timor from December 1975 to October 1999. After centuries of Portuguese colonial rule in East Timor, a 1974 coup in Portugal led to decolonization among its former colonies, creating instability in East Timor and leaving its future uncertain. After a small-scale civil war, the pro-independence FRETILIN declared victory in the capital city of Dili and declared an independent East Timor on 28 November 1975. Claiming its assistance had been requested by East Timorese leaders, Indonesian military forces invaded on 7 December and by 1979 had all but destroyed armed resistance to the occupation. Following a controversial "Popular Assembly" which many said was not a genuine act of self-determination, Indonesia declared the territory a province of Indonesia. For twenty-five years East Timor was subjected to extrajudicial executions, torture, and starvation. The 1991 Santa Cruz Massacre caused outrage around the world, and reports of other such killings were numerous. Resistance to Indonesian rule remained strong; in 1996 the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to two men from East Timor, Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and José Ramos-Horta, for their ongoing efforts to peacefully end the ...

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