Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 51. Chapters: Adriatic Campaign of World War II, Air battle over Niš, Albanian Resistance of World War II, Axis occupation of Greece, Axis occupation of Serbia, Balkans Campaign German order of battle, Croatian Air Force (Independent State of Croatia), Greek Resistance, Military history of Bulgaria during World War II, Military history of Italy during World War II, Operation Alpenveilchen, Operation Excess, Operation Halyard. Excerpt: The participation of Italy in the Second World War was characterized by a complex framework of ideology, politics and diplomacy, in which its military history took place often heavily influenced by external factors. The imperial ambitions of the Fascist regime, which aspired to restore a "Roman Empire" in the Mediterranean (Mare Nostrum), soon shattered as poor military planning caused defeats in Greece, East and North Africa. Italy quickly became a satellite of Nazi Germany, until in 1943 dictator Benito Mussolini was ousted and arrested by order of King Victor Emmanuel III, originating a long civil war. The northern half of the country was occupied by Germans and made a collaborationist puppet state (with more than 600,000 soldiers), while the south was governed by monarchist and liberal forces, that fought for the Allied cause in the Italian Co-Belligerent Army (which at its height numbered more than 50,000 men), helped by circa 350,000partisans of disparate political ideologies that operated all over occupied Italy. Nazi Germany's invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939, marked the beginning of World War II. Despite being an Axis power, Italy remained a non-belligerent until June 1940. Mussolini's Under-Secretary for War Production, Carlo Favagrossa, had estimated that Italy could not possibly be prepared for major military operations until at least October 1942. This had been made clear during...
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