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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 110. Not illustrated. Chapters: Athens, Corinth, Amphipolis, Mytilene, Diolkos, Olympia, Greece, Gortyn, Orchomenus, Kechries, Lindos, Eleutherna, Pythagoreion, Kalapodi. Excerpt: Athens - See wiktionary: Athens for the name in various languages. Statue of Athena, the patron goddess of Athens, Academy of Athens.In Ancient Greek, the name of Athens was: , related t name of the goddess Athena (Attic and Ionic ). The city's name was in the plural, like those of (Thbai), (Muknai), and (Delphoi). In the 19th century, (Athinai / ) was formally re-adopted as the city's name. Since the official abandonment of Katharevousa Greek in the 1970s, (Athína / ) has become the city's official name. The Parthenon and the Odeon of Herodes Atticus during the sunset.The oldest known human presence in Athens is the Cave of Schist which has been dated to between the 11th and 7th millennium BC. Athens has been continuously inhabited for at least 7000 years. Classical Athens became the leading city of Ancient Greece in the 5th century BC, with its cultural achievements laying the foundations of Western civilization. It was eventually overcome by its rival city-state of Sparta. By the end of Late Antiquity the city experienced decline followed by recovery in the second half of the Middle Byzantine Period (9th-10th centuries AD), and was relatively prosperous during the Crusades, benefiting from Italian trade. In 1453 it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire and entered a long period of decline. Athens re-emerged in the 19th century as the capital of the independent Greek state. In 1896 it hosted the first modern Olympic Games. In the 1920s a number of Greek refugees, expelled from Asia Minor after the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922), swelled Athens' population; nevertheless it was most particularly following World War II, and from the 1950s and 1960s, that t...
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