The Works of Dugald Stewart (Volume 3); Elements of the Philosophy of the Human Mind (Cont'd) Outlines of Moral Philosophy

9781154016277: The Works of Dugald Stewart (Volume 3); Elements of the Philosophy of the Human Mind (Cont'd) Outlines of Moral Philosophy

This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1829. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER FIRST. SECTION L Natural Language. The language of the face consists in the play of the muscles of which it is composed, particularly of the muscles connected with the eyes and the mouth, and in the change of color arising from the motion of the blood. The expression of the countenance, therefore, depends partly on color, and partly on movement;--of which two circumstances it may be remarked, by the way, that the former is far less subject to the restraints of the will than the latter, a change of color often betraying an emotion when the features are perfectly quiescent. It has been frequently observed by writers on Physiognomy, and also by those who have treated of the principles of paintfhg, that every emotion, and every operation of the mind, has a corresponding expression of the countenance; and hence it is, that the passions which we habitually indulge, and also the intellectual pursuits which most frequently occupy our thoughts, by strengthening particular sets of muscles, leave traces of their workings behind them, which may be perceived by an attentive observer. Hence, too, it is, that a person's countenance becomes more expressive and characteristic as he advances in life; and that the appearance of a young man or woman, though more beautiful, is not so interesting, nor, in general, so good a subject for a painter, as that of a person whose character has been longer confirmed by habit. This expression of the human countenance fixes our attention in most cases, and occupies our thoughts a great deal more than the mere material forms which it presents to our senses. I am inclined to think, that what we call family-likeness, consists rather in a similarity of expression than of features; and that it is owing to this circumstance, that a lik...

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