Thomas Gilbert Pearson The Bird Study Book

ISBN 13: 9781153758550

The Bird Study Book

9781153758550: The Bird Study Book
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Excerpt: ...Great Cormorant has been extinct in those waters since the year 1850. Great Auks were once numbered literally by millions in the North Atlantic. They were flightless and exceedingly fat. They were easily killed with clubs on the breeding rookeries, and provided an acceptable meat supply for fishermen and other toilers of the sea; also their feathers were sought. They were very common off Labrador and Newfoundland. Funk Island, especially, contained an enormous breeding colony. For years fishermen going to the Banks in early summer depended on Auks for their meat supply. The birds probably bred as far south as Massachusetts, where it is known a great many were killed by Indians during certain seasons of the year. However, it was the white man who brought ruin to this magnificent sea-fowl, for the savage Indians were 133 too provident to exterminate any species of bird or animal. The Great Auk was last seen in America between 1830 and 1840, and the final individual, so far as there is any positive record, was killed off Iceland in 1841. About eighty specimens of this bird, and seventy eggs, are preserved in the Natural History collections of the world. The Great Auk, Another Extinct Bird The Trumpeter Swan and the Whooping Crane are nearly extinct to-day. Constant shooting and 134 the extensive settling of the prairies of the Northwest have been the causes of their disappearance. Diminution of Other Species.

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