This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text, images, or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1870. Not illustrated. Excerpt: ... VIII. Mr. Tappan-s mind had been for a long time directed toward the condition of the people of color, and he spared no pains to gain information both as to the free and the enslaved. In the course of his inquiries he had some correspondence with William Wilbeuforce. The American Colonization Society was then in the ascendency, and its friends claimed to be, par excellence, the friends of the colored race. Near the close of the year 1816, a meeting was called to assemble in Washington City, to form the society. Henry Clay presided. The project originated with slaveholders, although some good men from non-slaveholding states, were associated with them in the scheme. The ostensible object was expressed in the second article of its constitution: "The object to which its attention is to be exclusively directed is to promote and execute a plan for colonizing (with their consent) the free people of color residing in our country, in Africa, or such other place, as Congress shall deem most expedient." The object in view, therefore, was the removal of the free negroes to Africa, if Congress so determined; but to any place out of the United States, if it should be deemed preferable by the national legislature. Mr. Tappan, with many other friends of the DANIEL WEBSTER'S OPINION. 127 blacks, was induced to give the society a cordial support. When, however, it became known to him that New England rum, powder and shot, and weapons of war were regularly sent to Liberia by the society, and supplied to the colonists, he remonstrated.* And when he saw that slaves were manumitted on condition that they should be sent to Africa, he came to the conclusion that he could no. longer aid a society that inflicted such an injury upon the colonists and the natives of Africa, besid...
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