Red Tape: Bureaucracy, Structural Violence, and Poverty in India (A John Hope Franklin Center Book)

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9780822351108: Red Tape: Bureaucracy, Structural Violence, and Poverty in India (A John Hope Franklin Center Book)
Críticas:

"Red tape addresses a contradiction: 'why has a state whose proclaimed motive is to foster development failed to help the large number of people who still live in dire poverty?' (p. 3). Rather than accusing the state of pretence - that the claim to foster development is empty - Gupta's argument is more nuanced. 'The paradox of the violence of poverty in India is that the poor are killed despite their inclusion in projects of national sovereignty and ... democratic politics' (p. 6). Gupta attends to this contradiction through ethnography of bureaucratic action, showing that 'no matter how noble the intentions of programs, and no matter how sincere the officials in charge of them, the overt goal of helping the poor is subverted by the very procedures of the bureaucracy' (p. 23)." - Social Anthropology/Anthropologie Sociale 21.3 August 2013 "Akhil Gupta's masterfully crafted book seeks to contribute to our understanding of the persistence of poverty in India despite high rates of growth and numerous public programmes designed to eradicate this malaise. The persistence of poverty is explained through an anthropology of bureaucracy in a sub-district office in northern India. Based on a critical engagement with Foucault and Agamben, Gupta's book focuses on the themes of corruption, state inscription, and governmentality to elaborate his argument. The provocative assertion that poverty ought to be studied through the lens of 'structural violence' opens up new and fruitful ways of examining the link between poverty reduction and the state in India, but this insight remains analytically and ethnographically underdeveloped." - Indrajit Roy, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 2013 "This long-awaited book is a masterful achievement, which offers a close look at the culture of bureaucracy in India and through this lens, casts new light on structural violence, liberalization and the paradox of misery in the midst of explosive economic growth. Akhil Gupta's sensitive analysis of the everyday practices of writing, recording, filing and reporting at every level of the Indian state joins a rich literature on the politics of inscription and marks a brilliant new benchmark for political anthropology in India and beyond." Arjun Appadurai, author of Fear of Small Numbers: An Essay on the Geography of Anger "Why has the post-colonial Indian state seemed so incapable of improving the life chances of millions of the country's poor? Rather than seeing failure residing in policy or neglect - the Indian state after all champions participatory democracy - Akhil Gupta's brilliant book Red Tape argues that the structural violence inherent in the state operates as a form of bio-power in which normal bureaucratic procedures depoliticize the killing of the poor - by his account perhaps 2 million annually. Whether exploring corruption, literacy, or population policy, Gupta provides an utterly original account of the deadly operations of state power associated with the ascendancy of new industrial classes and of neoliberal practice in contemporary India. A tour de force." Michael Watts, author of Silent Violence: Food, Famine and Peasantry in Northern Nigeria

Reseña del editor:

Red Tape presents a major new theory of the state developed by the renowned anthropologist Akhil Gupta. Seeking to understand the chronic and widespread poverty in India, the world's fourth largest economy, Gupta conceives of the relation between the state in India and the poor as one of structural violence. Every year this violence kills between two and three million people, especially women and girls, and lower-caste and indigenous peoples. Yet India's poor are not disenfranchised; they actively participate in the democratic project. Nor is the state indifferent to the plight of the poor; it sponsors many poverty amelioration programmes. Gupta conducted ethnographic research among officials charged with coordinating development programs in rural Uttar Pradesh. Drawing on that research, he offers insightful analyses of corruption; the significance of writing and written records; and governmentality, or the expansion of bureaucracies. Those analyses underlie his argument that care is arbitrary in its consequences, and that arbitrariness is systematically produced by the very mechanisms that are meant to ameliorate social suffering. What must be explained is not only why government programs aimed at providing nutrition, employment, housing, healthcare, and education to poor people do not succeed in their objectives, but also why, when they do succeed, they do so unevenly and erratically.

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Descripción Duke University Press, United States, 2012. Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. 234 x 155 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. Red Tape presents a major new theory of the state developed by the renowned anthropologist Akhil Gupta. Seeking to understand the chronic and widespread poverty in India, the world s fourth largest economy, Gupta conceives of the relation between the state in India and the poor as one of structural violence. Every year this violence kills between two and three million people, especially women and girls, and lower-caste and indigenous peoples. Yet India s poor are not disenfranchised; they actively participate in the democratic project. Nor is the state indifferent to the plight of the poor; it sponsors many poverty amelioration programs. Gupta conducted ethnographic research among officials charged with coordinating development programs in rural Uttar Pradesh. Drawing on that research, he offers insightful analyses of corruption; the significance of writing and written records; and governmentality, or the expansion of bureaucracies. Those analyses underlie his argument that care is arbitrary in its consequences, and that arbitrariness is systematically produced by the very mechanisms that are meant to ameliorate social suffering. What must be explained is not only why government programs aimed at providing nutrition, employment, housing, healthcare, and education to poor people do not succeed in their objectives, but also why, when they do succeed, they do so unevenly and erratically. Nº de ref. de la librería AAJ9780822351108

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Akhil Gupta
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Descripción Duke University Press, United States, 2012. Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. 234 x 155 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. Red Tape presents a major new theory of the state developed by the renowned anthropologist Akhil Gupta. Seeking to understand the chronic and widespread poverty in India, the world s fourth largest economy, Gupta conceives of the relation between the state in India and the poor as one of structural violence. Every year this violence kills between two and three million people, especially women and girls, and lower-caste and indigenous peoples. Yet India s poor are not disenfranchised; they actively participate in the democratic project. Nor is the state indifferent to the plight of the poor; it sponsors many poverty amelioration programs. Gupta conducted ethnographic research among officials charged with coordinating development programs in rural Uttar Pradesh. Drawing on that research, he offers insightful analyses of corruption; the significance of writing and written records; and governmentality, or the expansion of bureaucracies. Those analyses underlie his argument that care is arbitrary in its consequences, and that arbitrariness is systematically produced by the very mechanisms that are meant to ameliorate social suffering. What must be explained is not only why government programs aimed at providing nutrition, employment, housing, healthcare, and education to poor people do not succeed in their objectives, but also why, when they do succeed, they do so unevenly and erratically. Nº de ref. de la librería AAJ9780822351108

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Descripción Duke University Press. Paperback. Estado de conservación: new. BRAND NEW, Red Tape: Bureaucracy, Structural Violence, and Poverty in India, Akhil Gupta, Red Tape presents a major new theory of the state developed by the renowned anthropologist Akhil Gupta. Seeking to understand the chronic and widespread poverty in India, the world's fourth largest economy, Gupta conceives of the relation between the state in India and the poor as one of structural violence. Every year this violence kills between two and three million people, especially women and girls, and lower-caste and indigenous peoples. Yet India's poor are not disenfranchised; they actively participate in the democratic project. Nor is the state indifferent to the plight of the poor; it sponsors many poverty amelioration programmes. Gupta conducted ethnographic research among officials charged with coordinating development programs in rural Uttar Pradesh. Drawing on that research, he offers insightful analyses of corruption; the significance of writing and written records; and governmentality, or the expansion of bureaucracies. Those analyses underlie his argument that care is arbitrary in its consequences, and that arbitrariness is systematically produced by the very mechanisms that are meant to ameliorate social suffering. What must be explained is not only why government programs aimed at providing nutrition, employment, housing, healthcare, and education to poor people do not succeed in their objectives, but also why, when they do succeed, they do so unevenly and erratically. Nº de ref. de la librería B9780822351108

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