Darwinian Dynamics: Evolutionary Transitions in Fitness and Individuality

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9780691050119: Darwinian Dynamics: Evolutionary Transitions in Fitness and Individuality
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" Darwinian Dynamics is an excellent and masterful synthesis of the current understanding about how evolutionary principles work at the various levels of biological organization.... Much like Einstein's theories of relativity extended classical mechanics, Michod's multi-selection theory is an extension of classical selection theory.... Well produced and current.... Michod has written what should be a classic for decades to come." --Norman A. Johnson, Bioscience


"Individuality and fitness, two of the most fundamental concepts in evolutionary theory, are anything but simple. Theoretical biologist Richard Michod reviews and extends the state of the art for these subjects in Darwinian Dynamics.... [These are] some of the most exciting advances in modern biology from one of its most able practitioners." --David Sloan Wilson, Human Biology

From the Publisher:


The concept of fitness has long been a topic of intense debate among evolutionary biologists and their critics, with its definition and explanatory power coming under attack. In this book, Richard Michod offers a fresh, dynamical interpretation of evolution and fitness concepts. He argues that evolution has no enduring products; what matters is the process of genetic change. Whereas many biologists have focused on competition and aggression as determining factors in survival, Michod, by concentrating on the emergence of individuality at new and more complex levels, finds that cooperation plays even a greater role.


Michod first considers the principles behind the hierarchically nested levels of organization that constitute life: genes, chromosomes, genomes, cells, multicellular organisms, and societies. By examining the evolutionary transitions from the molecular level up to the whole organism, the author explains how cooperation and conflict in a multilevel setting leads to new levels of fitness. He builds a model of fitness drawing on recent developments in ecology and multilevel selection theory and on new explanations of the origin of life. Michod concludes with a discussion of the philosophical implications of his theory of fitness, a theory that addresses the most fundamental and unique concept in all of biology.


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Michod, Richard E.
Editorial: Princeton University Press
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Michod, Richard E.
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Descripción Princeton University Press, United States, 2000. Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. Revised ed.. 229 x 152 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. The concept of fitness has long been a topic of intense debate among evolutionary biologists and their critics, with its definition and explanatory power coming under attack. In this book, Richard Michod offers a fresh, dynamical interpretation of evolution and fitness concepts. He argues that evolution has no enduring products; what matters is the process of genetic change. Whereas many biologists have focused on competition and aggression as determining factors in survival, Michod, by concentrating on the emergence of individuality at new and more complex levels, finds that cooperation plays even a greater role. Michod first considers the principles behind the hierarchically nested levels of organization that constitute life: genes, chromosomes, genomes, cells, multicellular organisms, and societies. By examining the evolutionary transitions from the molecular level up to the whole organism, the author explains how cooperation and conflict in a multilevel setting leads to new levels of fitness. He builds a model of fitness drawing on recent developments in ecology and multilevel selection theory and on new explanations of the origin of life. Michod concludes with a discussion of the philosophical implications of his theory of fitness, a theory that addresses the most fundamental and unique concept in all of biology. Nº de ref. de la librería AAH9780691050119

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Michod, Richard E.
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Descripción Princeton University Press, United States, 2000. Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. Revised ed.. 229 x 152 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. The concept of fitness has long been a topic of intense debate among evolutionary biologists and their critics, with its definition and explanatory power coming under attack. In this book, Richard Michod offers a fresh, dynamical interpretation of evolution and fitness concepts. He argues that evolution has no enduring products; what matters is the process of genetic change. Whereas many biologists have focused on competition and aggression as determining factors in survival, Michod, by concentrating on the emergence of individuality at new and more complex levels, finds that cooperation plays even a greater role. Michod first considers the principles behind the hierarchically nested levels of organization that constitute life: genes, chromosomes, genomes, cells, multicellular organisms, and societies. By examining the evolutionary transitions from the molecular level up to the whole organism, the author explains how cooperation and conflict in a multilevel setting leads to new levels of fitness. He builds a model of fitness drawing on recent developments in ecology and multilevel selection theory and on new explanations of the origin of life. Michod concludes with a discussion of the philosophical implications of his theory of fitness, a theory that addresses the most fundamental and unique concept in all of biology. Nº de ref. de la librería AAH9780691050119

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Descripción Princeton University Press, 2000. PAP. Estado de conservación: New. New Book. Shipped from UK in 4 to 14 days. Established seller since 2000. Nº de ref. de la librería WP-9780691050119

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Descripción Princeton University Press, 2000. Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. book. Nº de ref. de la librería 0691050112

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Descripción Princeton University Press, 2000. Estado de conservación: New. Brand New, Unread Copy in Perfect Condition. A+ Customer Service! Summary: Preface Acknowledgments CHAPTER 1 The Language of Selection Plan of the Book Darwinian Dynamics Major Evolutionary Transitions Cooperation and Conflict Fisherian Fitness Deconstructing Fitness Selection as Fitness Covariance Mathematical Models Adequacy Criterion for Understanding Fitness Definitions of Basic Concepts CHAPTER 2 Origin of Fitness Complementarity Spontaneous Creation Self-Replication and the Origin of Fitness Replicator Dynamics Design Analysis of Molecular Replicator Life History Evolution Survival of the Fittest Survival of Anybody Overview of the Origin of Fitness CHAPTER 3 The First Individuals Origin of Gene Networks Cooperation and Conflict Survival of the First Evolutionary Transitions Are Inherently Nonlinear Origin of Hypercycles Quasispecies Population Structure Kin Selection in Evolutionary Transitions Conflict Mediation through Individuality Further Evolution of the Cell Heritable Capacities of Single Cells Reconsidering Adaptedness and Fitness Early Transitions in Evolution CHAPTER 4 Evolution of Interactions Gene Frequency Change Population Growth Frequency-Dependent Selection Constant Selection Adaptive Topography Frequency Dependence Decouples Fitness in a Selection Hierarchy Selection as Covariance Fisher's Fundamental Theorem Evolution in Hierarchically Structured Populations Evolution of Multicellular Organisms Kin Selection Game Theory Modification of Genetic Constraints Population Dynamics and Natural Selection Fitness Minima Prisoner's Dilemma Spatial Structure and the Evolution of Cooperation The Problem of Frequency Dependence CHAPTER 5 Multilevel Selection of the Organism A Scenario A Model for the Emergence of Organisms Recurrence Equations Within-Organism Mutation Selection Model Mutation Rate Covariance Methods The Risk of Development Increase of Cooperation Level of Cooperation among Cells within Organisms Fitness of Organisms Effect of Sex and Diploidy on the Emerging Organism Strengths and Weaknesses of the Model CHAPTER 6 Rediscovering Individuality Evolutionary Individuals Two-Locus Modifier Model Model Parameters Equilibria of the System Evolution of the Germ Line Evolution of the Mutation Rate Evolution of Self-Policing Evolution of Adult Size Effect of Transition on the Level of Cooperation Increase of Fitness Covariance at Organism Level Heritability of Fitness and the Evolution of Individuality Sex and Individuality Origin of Multicellular Life Transitions in Individuality CHAPTER 7 Fitness Explanations Overview of Fitness and Natural Selection Trading Fitness through Cooperation Kinship and Population Structure Conflict Mediation Reconsidering Fitness The "Tautology Problem" Surrogates for Natural Selection Evolution of Selfing Cost of Sex Immortality, Death, and the Life Cycle Kin Selection of Altruism Heterozygote Superiority Sickle Cell Anemia Darwin's Dilemmas CHAPTER 8 A Philosophy of Fitness Dynamics of Design What Makes Biology Different? Success and Design Long-Term versus Short-Term Measures of Fitness Darwinian Dynamics Natural Selection as a Biological Law Paradigms for Natural Selection Fitness in Darwinian Dynamics The Insufficiency of Individual Fitness Heritability and Natural Selection Schema for Natural Selection The Propensity Interpretation of Fitness Brandon's Approach Heritable Capacities as Components of Design Overall Adaptedness of Organisms Masking of Adaptiveness Are Adaptation Concepts Necessary? F-Fitness and Evolutionary Explanations Explaining Fitness APPENDIX A Supporting Analyses Statistics of Fitness and Selection Equilibria for Modifier Model (G = 0) Cost of Sex in Dipl. Nº de ref. de la librería ABE_book_new_0691050112

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