Ancient History From the Monuments; The History of Babylonia

9780217777032: Ancient History From the Monuments; The History of Babylonia

This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1877*. Not illustrated. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER II. THE MYTHICAL PERIOD. Origin and chronology of Babylonian history--The ten antediluvian kings of Berosus--The Flood--The Garden of Eden --The Izdhubar or Nimrod legends. In the antiquity of its civilization and history Babylonia has no rival in Asia, and the only country in the world which can compare with it, in these respects, is Egypt The history of Babylonia has an interest of a wider kind than that of Egypt, from its more intimate connection with the general history of the human race, and from the remarkable influence which its religion, its science, and its civilization have had on all subsequent human progress. Its religious traditions, carried away by the Israelites who came out from Ur of the Chaldees,1 have through this wonderful people, become the heritage of all mankind, while its science and civilization, through the medium of the Greeks and Romans, have become the bases of modern research and advancement. 1 Gen. xi. 31. D The extent of country comprehended under the name of Babylonia varied at different times, and it is impossible to fix the exact boundaries of the country at any period during the empire, for alternate conquest and defeat caused the boundaries to fluctuate continually. Generally speaking, it comprehended the country from near the Lower Zab to the Persian Gulf, about 400 miles long, and from Elam, east of the Tigris, to the Arabian Desert, west of the Euphrates, an average breadth of 150 miles. Within this space, in early times, there were several kingdoms; and often, at a later period, local chiefs made themselves independent; for, the country, being peopled by several distinct tribes, there was a want of nationality and patriotism. It is generally supposed that Babylonia was peopled in early times by Turanian tribes (t...

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