The Island of Roses and her eleven sisters; or, The Dodecanese from the earliest time down to the present day

9780217331890: The Island of Roses and her eleven sisters; or, The Dodecanese from the earliest time down to the present day

This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1922 Excerpt: ...made up of Cyprus, Caria with the Ionian islands, and Scythia, which were put under the administration of the prefect of Scythia, whose residence was at Odessos. Some historians, referring to this singular arrangement, included Rhodes within this prefecture, but we think this is erroneous, because John Lydos names1 clearly the Ionian islands and those which were separated by Justinian from the command of the general of the Anatolia (East), and naturally Rhodes was not an Ionian, but a Dorian island. 1 ComjKnd. Hienxlis, p. 395, Kj'. This alteration in the distribution of the provinces of the empire, which, as already stated, began at the time of Justinian (535), proceeded to the system of the Themes (Oencna), as the districts began to be called during the seventh century. These Themes comprised large territories, and were for bellicose purposes, because of the wars waged against Saracens, and they were generally placed under a military governor, a strategos. This system proved to be beneficial for the defence of the Empire, and was extended during the eighth century for more convenience, by reducing the size of the Themes and increasing their number. The old Latin nomenclature in the administration of the state was now changed, and either Greek or new names were substituted. The new administrative regime continued with some changes during the reigns of Leo VI., the Wise (886912), and Constantine Porphyrogennetos (912-958), and during the later period of the Empire. The regal chronicler, Constantine Porphyrogennetos, gives us a full description of the thematic system in his treatise, " On the Themes," and we learn from it that seventeen Asiatic and twelve European Themes formed the Byzantine State in his time. In this account we find that Rhodes an...

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