The leading facts of English history

9780217120906: The leading facts of English history
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1903 edition. Excerpt: Lord Chatham said, "the Bible of English Liberty." 1 The Mutiny Act provides: 1. That the standing army shall be at the king's command--subject to certain rules--for one year only. 2. That no pay shall be issued to troops except by special act of Parliament. 3. That no act of mutiny can be punished except by the annual reenactment of the Mutiny Bill. 2 In 1663 Charles II granted a charter to Rhode Island which secured religious liberty to that colony. It was the first royal charter recognizing the principle of toleration. 8 See Summary of Constitutional History in the Appendix, page xxii,§25,and page xxxj. 1 With the passage of the Bill of Rights,1 the doctrine of the Divine Right of Kings to govern without being accountable to their subjects (§§ 471, 481), which James I and his descendants had tried so hard to reduce to practice, came to an end forever. The chief provisions of the Bill of Rights were: 1. That the king should not maintain a standing army in time of peace, except by j consent of Parliament. 2. That no money should be taken from the people save by the consent of Parliament. 3. That every subject has the right to petition the Crown for the redress of any rN,grievance. 4. That the election of members of Parliament ought / to be free from interference. 5. That Parliament should frequently J assemble and enjoy entire freedom of debate. 6. That the king Jbe debarred from interfering in any way with the proper execution of the laws. 7. That a Roman Catholic or a person marrying a Roman Catholic be henceforth incapable of receiving the v--' crown of England. Late in the reign (1701) Parliament reaffirmed and still further extended the provisions of the Bill of Rights by the Act of Settlement, which established a new...

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