The clinical examination of urine; with an atlas of urinary deposits

9780217071376: The clinical examination of urine; with an atlas of urinary deposits

This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated.1900 Excerpt: ... LEADING CHARACTERS OP THE URINE IN DISEASE Diabetes Mellitus Quantity:-largely increased (6 to 12 litres or more). Sp. Gr.: raised, commonly from 1025 to 1045, occasionally below normal. Colour: pale yellow, clear. Odour: aromatic or sweet hay-like. Reaction: acid. Urea: increased. Sugar: present, from 2 per cent, in an ordinary case to 12 per cent. in an extreme case. Albumin: a trace is not uncommon. Sediment: frequently shows uric acid and oxalate of lime crystals, yeast cells, and excess of epithelium. Diabetes Insipidus Quantity: enormously increased (15 to 80 litres). Sp. Gr.: low, 1001 to 1006. Sugar and Albumin: absent or extremely rare constituents. Hemoglobinuria Quantity: usually normal. Sp. Gr.: slightly raised, 1028. Colour: from a bright crimson to brownish black, or smoky yellow. Reaction: acid or slightly alkaline. Urea: increased. Albumin: abundant; some is frequently present in intervals of attack. Blood-pigments: shown present by usual tests. Sediment: heavy, granular, and pigmented; shows a few hyaline and granular casts, some epithelial cells, and much debris, frequently pigmented. A few red blood-cells may be found. Acute Parenchymatous Nephritis Syn.: acute Bright,s disease; acute diffuse nephritis; acute tubal or glomerular nephritis. Quantity: scanty, may be reduced to a few ounces or even suppressed. Sp. Gr.: raised, usually from 1022 to 1026. Colour: from a smoky yellow to brownish black, less often bright red; turbid. Urea: excretion in twenty-four hours always diminished. Albumin: abundant, commonly from 5 to 10 parts per 1,000 (Esbach). Sediment: copious, much renal epithelium, red and white blood-cells; casts, at first epithelial, blood, and hyaline, later also fatty and granular. Chronic Parenchymatous Nephritis Syn.: chronic...

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