Eric Scerri A Tale of Seven Elements

ISBN 13: 9780195391312

A Tale of Seven Elements

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9780195391312: A Tale of Seven Elements

In 1913, English physicist Henry Moseley established an elegant method for "counting" the elements based on atomic number, ranging them from hydrogen (#1) to uranium (#92). It soon became clear, however, that seven elements were mysteriously missing from the lineup--seven elements unknown to science.

In his well researched and engaging narrative, Eric Scerri presents the intriguing stories of these seven elements--protactinium, hafnium, rhenium, technetium, francium, astatine and promethium. The book follows the historical order of discovery, roughly spanning the two world wars, beginning with the isolation of protactinium in 1917 and ending with that of promethium in 1945. For each element, Scerri traces the research that preceded the discovery, the pivotal experiments, the personalities of the chemists involved, the chemical nature of the new element, and its applications in science and technology. We learn for instance that alloys of hafnium--whose name derives from the Latin name for Copenhagen (hafnia)--have some of the highest boiling points on record and are used for the nozzles in rocket thrusters such as the Apollo Lunar Modules. Scerri also tells the personal tales of researchers overcoming great obstacles. We see how Lise Meitner and Otto Hahn--the pair who later proposed the theory of atomic fission--were struggling to isolate element 91 when World War I intervened, Hahn was drafted into the German army's poison gas unit, and Meitner was forced to press on alone against daunting odds. The book concludes by examining how and where the twenty-five new elements have taken their places in the periodic table in the last half century.

A Tale of Seven Elements paints a fascinating picture of chemical research--the wrong turns, missed opportunities, bitterly disputed claims, serendipitous findings, accusations of dishonesty--all leading finally to the thrill of discovery.

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From the Author:

This book is about social aspects of scientific discovery. It's about priority disputes and why they occur so frequently. It's about how nationalism and many other factors still persist in the all too human activities of scientists.

From the Inside Flap:

What does it mean to discover a new element?  And why are these discoveries often so controversial?  These are some of the questions that Eric Scerri, an authority on the periodic table, answers in A Tale of Seven Elements.  
In 1913, English physicist Henry Moseley established an elegant method for "counting" the elements based on atomic number, ranging from hydrogen (#1) to uranium (#92).  It soon became clear, however, that seven elements were mysteriously missing from the line up - seven elements unknown to science.   In his well researched and engaging narrative, Eric Scerri presents the intriguing stories of these seven elements - protactinium, hafnium, rhenium, technetium, francium, astatine and promethium.  The book follows the historical order of discovery, roughly spanning the two world wars, beginning with the isolation of protactinium in 1917 and ending with that of promethium in 1945.  For each element, Scerri traces the research that preceded the discovery, the pivotal experiments, the personalities of the chemists involved, the chemical nature of the new element, and its applications in science and technology.  Scerri also tells the personal tales or researchers overcoming great obstacles.  We see, for instance, how Lise Meitner and Otto Hahn - the pair who later proposed the theory of nuclear fission - were struggling to isolate element 91 when Hahn was drafted into the German army's poison unit during World War I.  The book concludes by examining how and where an additional twenty-six transuranium elements have taken their places in the periodic table in the last half century.   A Tale of Seven Elements paints a fascinating picture of chemical research - the wrong turns, missed opportunities, bitterly disputed claims, serendipitous findings, accusations - all leading to the thrill of discovery.Dr. Eric Scerri is a leading philosopher of science, specializing in the history and philosophy of the periodic table.  He is also the founder and editor-in-chief of the international journal Foundations of Chemistry.  He has been a full-time lecturer at UCLA for the past fourteen years, where he regularly teaches classes of 350 chemistry students as well as classes in history and philosophy of science.  

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Scerri, Eric
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Scerri, Eric
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Descripción Oxford University Press, 2013. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: New. HARDCOVER, BRAND NEW, Perfect Shape, No Black Remainder Mark,Fast Shipping With Online Tracking, International Orders shipped Global Priority Air Mail, All orders handled with care and shipped promptly in secure packaging, we ship Mon-Sat and send shipment confirmation emails. Our customer service is friendly, we answer emails fast, accept returns and work hard to deliver 100% Customer Satisfaction!. Nº de ref. de la librería 9032357

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Eric Scerri
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Descripción Oxford University Press Inc, United States, 2013. Hardback. Estado de conservación: New. Language: English . Brand New Book. In 1913, English physicist Henry Moseley established an elegant method for counting the elements. Soon afterwards, it became clear that there were precisely seven elements missing from the periodic table-those that had yet to be isolated among the 92 naturally occurring elements from hydrogen (#1) to uranium (#92). In A Tale of Seven Elements, Eric Scerri will present the discovery of those seven elements, five of which are radioactive and three or possibly four of were first isolated by women. The book covers a period roughly spanning the two world wars, beginning with the discovery of protactinium in 1917 and ending with that of promethium in 1945. In some cases, the state of war directly influenced attempts to isolate some of the seven elements-this is true of protactinium, when, in 1916, its discoverer, Lise Meitner, wrote of the problems she encountered in purchasing even the most basic items of laboratory equipment. During the second war, the discovery of nuclear fission, also by Meitner and her associates, quickly led to the development of the nuclear weapons program and the associated technologies of particle accelerators. Clearly, scientific discoveries occur within a social and political context and the discovery of the seven elements is no exception. This book draws together for the first time the fascinating stories of the discoveries of these seven elements, placing them in historical context. Nº de ref. de la librería LIB9780195391312

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Eric Scerri
Editorial: Oxford University Press Inc, United States (2013)
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Descripción Oxford University Press Inc, United States, 2013. Hardback. Estado de conservación: New. Language: English . Brand New Book. In 1913, English physicist Henry Moseley established an elegant method for counting the elements. Soon afterwards, it became clear that there were precisely seven elements missing from the periodic table-those that had yet to be isolated among the 92 naturally occurring elements from hydrogen (#1) to uranium (#92). In A Tale of Seven Elements, Eric Scerri will present the discovery of those seven elements, five of which are radioactive and three or possibly four of were first isolated by women. The book covers a period roughly spanning the two world wars, beginning with the discovery of protactinium in 1917 and ending with that of promethium in 1945. In some cases, the state of war directly influenced attempts to isolate some of the seven elements-this is true of protactinium, when, in 1916, its discoverer, Lise Meitner, wrote of the problems she encountered in purchasing even the most basic items of laboratory equipment. During the second war, the discovery of nuclear fission, also by Meitner and her associates, quickly led to the development of the nuclear weapons program and the associated technologies of particle accelerators. Clearly, scientific discoveries occur within a social and political context and the discovery of the seven elements is no exception. This book draws together for the first time the fascinating stories of the discoveries of these seven elements, placing them in historical context. Nº de ref. de la librería LIB9780195391312

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Eric Scerri
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Descripción 2013. HRD. Estado de conservación: New. New Book. Shipped from US within 10 to 14 business days. Established seller since 2000. Nº de ref. de la librería KS-9780195391312

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Eric Scerri
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Eric Scerri
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Descripción OUP USA 2013-07-18, Oxford, 2013. hardback. Estado de conservación: New. Nº de ref. de la librería 9780195391312

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