In brief, American historians of technology have focused on the social and economic contexts and implications of technology and this book is a very useful summary of their endeavours./david J. Jeremy Manchester Metropolitan University/Labour History Review vol 64/31 1999.
Cowan offers a reliable and thoughtfully selected review of the dynamics of invention and innovation which generated an increasing pace of technical change and the constitution of vast technological systems in the United States ... Professor Cowan has met the challenge of synthesis with a sure hand, fashioning a text that will have lasting value for students and scholars alike. ( Philip Scranton, Business History)
A Social History of American Technology is a textbook survey of American technology from the early seventeenth century to the present. The concept of technological systems is used as a unifying theme to demonstrate the notion that technological change is neither sudden nor discontinuous, but is always closely related to social developments which determine both the kinds of tools developed and the ways in which they are utilized. Cowan demonstrates that the way in which Americans have viewed technology has been as important as the scientific developments themselves, and in a fascinating final chapter she examines the vast social implications of recent technological developments such as atomic energy, birth control, genetic engineering and personal computers, and the ways in which they are causing changes in America's political, social and economic structure.
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Descripción Oxford University Press, 1997. Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. Nº de ref. de la librería P110195046056
Descripción Oxford University Press, USA, 1997. Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. Nº de ref. de la librería DADAX0195046056
Descripción Oxford University Press, 1997. Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. book. Nº de ref. de la librería 0195046056
Descripción Oxford University Press, 1997. Estado de conservación: New. Brand New, Unread Copy in Perfect Condition. A+ Customer Service! Summary: I. IN THE BEGINNINGA Social History of American Technology1. The Land, the Natives, and the SettlersThe Land and the Native InhabitantsThe European SettlersThe Colonial EconomyColonial Economic Policy and Technological ChangeConclusion: Quickening the Pace for Technological Change2. Husbandry and Huswifery in the ColoniesTypes of Farms in the Colonial PeriodThe Technological System of Colonial AgricultureConclusion: The Myth of Self-Sufficiency3. Colonial ArtisansThe Apprenticeship System and Labor ScarcityPrintshops and PrintersMills, Millwrights, and MillersIron Foundries and Iron WorkersConclusion: Reasons for the Slow Pace of Technological ChangeII INDUSTRIALIZATION4. Early Decades of IndustrializationOliver Evans, Steam Engines, and Machine ShopsEli Whitney and the Cotton GinThe Armament Industry and the American System of ManufactureSamuel Slater and the Factory SystemConclusion: The Unique Character of American Industrialization5. Transportation RevolutionsTransportation DifficultiesToll Roads and EntrepreneursCanal Building and State FinancingSteamboats: Steam Power and State PowerRailroads: Completing a National Transportation System6. Inventors, Entrepreneurs and EngineersThe Patent System: The Public History of InventionInventors: Changes between 1820 and 19207. Industrial Society and Technological SystemsIndustrialization, Dependency, and Technological SystemsThe Telegraph SystemThe Railroad SystemThe Telephone SystemThe Electric SystemThe Character of Industrialized SocietyConclusion: Industrialization and Technological Systems8. Daily Life and Mundane WorkFarmers and Unexpected OutcomesSkilled and Deskilled WorkersUnskilled WorkersHousewives and House ServantsConclusion: Was Industrialization Good or Bad for Workers?9. American Ideas about TechnologyTechnology and Associated IdeasPrecursors to IndustrializationTechnology and RomanticismAcceptance of Romanticism by Advocates of IndustrializationTechnology and ArtConclusion: The Cultural Meanings of TechnologyTWENTIETH-CENTURY TECHNOLOGIESBlessing or Curse?10. Automobiles and AutomobilityWho Invented the Automobile?Henry Ford and the Mass-Produced AutomobileAlfred P. Sloan and the Mass-Marketed American AutomobileAutomobility and the Road System before 1945Automobility and the Road System after 1945The Unexpected Consequences of Automobility11. Taxpayers, Generals and AviationThe Early Days of Aircraft and the Aircraft IndustryWorld War II: A Turning PointThe Military-Industrial-Academic ComplexCivilian Spin-offs and the Race into SpaceConclusion: Costs and Benefits of Military Sponsorship12. Communications Technologies and Social ControlWireless TelegraphyWireless TelephonyGovernment Regulation of Wireless CommunicationWireless Broadcasting: RadioTelevisionElectronic Components: The Vacuum Tube and the TransistorComputersCOnclusion: The Ultimate Failure of Efforts to Control Electronic Communication13. BiotechnologyScience, Technology, and TechnoscienceHybrid CornPencillinThe Birth Control PillConclusionIndex. Nº de ref. de la librería ABE_book_new_0195046056