Hitler's Empire: Nazi Rule in Occupied Europe

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9780141011929: Hitler's Empire: Nazi Rule in Occupied Europe

Mark Mazower's Hitler's Empire is a provocative account of the rise and fall of Nazi Europe by one of Britain's leading historians. Hitler's empire was the largest, most brutal and most ambitious reshaping of Europe in history. Inspired by the imperial legacy of those such as the British, the Third Reich cast its shadow from the Channel Islands to the Caucasus and ruled hundreds of millions. Yet, as Mark Mazower's groundbreaking new account shows, it was an empire built on an illusion.From Hitler's plans for vast motorways crossing an ethnically cleansed Russian steppe, to dreams of a German super-economy rivalling America's, Mazower reveals the lethal fusion of mass murder, modern managerialism and colossal incompetence that underpinned the Nazi New Order. Ultimately Hitler's empire ended up consuming its own, leaving destruction in its wake and finishing not just with the downfall of Germany, but an entire continent.'Remarkable ... provocative ... an important new book' Adam Tooze, Sunday Telegraph'A stunning survey ... breaks new ground' Dominic Sandbrook, Daily Telegraph Books of the Year 'A first-class account' Richard Overy, Literary Review'Brilliant ... a must for anyone who has a serious interest in the dreadful Third Reich' Justin Cartwright, Spectator'Exposes the intellectual bankruptcy of the enterprise with forensic skill and wit' Christopher Silvester, Daily ExpressMark Mazower is the author of Inside Hitler's Greece, Dark Continent: Europe's Twentieth Century, The Balkans - which won the Wolfson Prize for History - and Salonika: City of Ghosts, which won both the Runciman Prize and the Duff Cooper Prize. He has taught at the University of Sussex, Princeton University and Birkbeck College, University of London. He is now Professor of History at Columbia University.

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About the Author:

Mark Mazower is the author of Inside Hitler's Greece, Dark Continent: Europe's Twentieth Century, The Balkans, which won the Wolfson Prize for History, and Salonika: City of Ghosts, which won both the Runciman Prize and the Duff Cooper Prize. He has taught at the University of Sussex, Princeton University and Birkbeck College, University of London. He is now Professor of History at Columbia University.

From The Washington Post:

From The Washington Post's Book World/washingtonpost.com Reviewed by Andrew Nagorski Surveying Nazi Germany's conquests shortly after it invaded the Soviet Union, Hitler's minister of economics boasted: "Never before in the history of the world has there been such an economy to administer." Germany was indeed the master of most of Europe at that point, and its armies were marching quickly into Russia. But in Hitler's Empire, Columbia University historian Mark Mazower spells out how ill-prepared the Germans were for their string of early victories -- and how completely they botched the administration of their empire. Many histories have focused on Hitler's costly military mistakes, particularly on the Eastern Front. Mazower largely ignores the battlefields and focuses instead on the political, racial and economic policies of the Nazi conquerors. While many parts of this story have been told before, he painstakingly examines a huge body of evidence for insights into Nazi misrule. This hardly makes for light reading, but it allows him to present a compelling case, which was best summarized by a German general at the end of the war. Addressing his fellow POWs, Ferdinand Heim argued that the German war effort would have been doomed "even if no military mistakes had been made." The reason: Nazi articles of faith amounted to grotesque fantasies about how the New Order would function, and they couldn't possibly survive prolonged, or even relatively short, clashes with reality. Leaving morality aside, the Holocaust made no economic sense at a time when Germany was desperately short of workers. When Victor Brack, one of the officials charged with carrying out the Final Solution, suggested that between 2 and 3 million Jews could be sterilized and put to work rather than killed, Hitler wasn't interested. The German leader's plans for the rest of the people in the East were even more absurd in economic terms, since they involved the majority of the local inhabitants, not just minorities. Under Nazi doctrine, Germanization was the overarching goal, which meant eliminating as many non-Germans as possible and finding and elevating local Germans or bringing in new German settlers. But after Germany and the Soviet Union invaded Poland in 1939, 90 percent of the inhabitants of German-occupied territory were Poles and only 6 percent ethnic Germans. And as the empire grew, the proportions of ethnic Germans became even smaller. In the midst of a widening conflict, German officials methodically photographed and examined Polish families, discriminating in favor of those who appeared to have "the soundest German blood." All of which was guaranteed to stir resentment. Even Colonel-General Johannes von Blaskowitz, one of the German commanders in Poland, noted: "The idea that one can intimidate the Polish population by terrorism and rub their noses in the dirt will certainly prove false." Nowhere was that miscalculation more costly than in the Soviet Union. After Stalin's purges and forced collectivization of the 1930s, some Ukrainians, Lithuanians and even Russians were prepared to view any invaders as possible saviors. Hitler's ruthless policies, directed not just against Jews but also against Soviet POWs and the entire civilian population, quickly disabused them of such notions. That part of the story is fairly well-known. But Mazower goes one step further by demonstrating the hypothetical alternative. He points to the relatively enlightened occupation of southern Ukraine and Odessa. In the port city, locals could open businesses if they offered the right bribes, and visiting Germans were astonished by the thriving shops, restaurants and cafes -- all with plenty of food. "It simply showed what could have happened across the former Soviet territories," Mazower writes, "if the Germans had allowed markets to flourish and not planned to destroy the social order." Ironically, the industrialized economies of Western Europe, where German rule was far less draconian than in the East, contributed more to the German war effort than the Eastern territories did. By deliberately starving their Eastern subjects, the Germans only contributed to the poor performance of the agricultural sector. And yet it was the East that mesmerized Hitler, whose whole notion of Lebensraum was built on the premise that Germany would harvest great riches there, using largely mythic German settlers. There simply weren't anywhere near the number of Germans needed to transform those fantasies into reality. At times, Mazower's sweeping survey feels forced, trying to cover everything -- the origins of Nazism, the Holocaust, collaboration and resistance in all parts of occupied Europe. Inevitably, there are some questionable generalizations. In explaining the Nazi New Order, Mazower asserts, "the quest to unify Germans within a single German state" was more important than anti-Semitism or than the lust for conquest -- as if these are contradictory impulses. But all the way through, Mazower offers incisive details and insights that make Hitler's Empire a fascinating read. He points out, for example, that the United States accounted for 67 percent of the world's oil output in 1943 and the Soviet Union only 10 percent. So here, too, Hitler's basic assumptions about what he would gain by conquering the East were flawed: Even if his armies had taken the oil fields in the Caucasus, he wouldn't have solved his energy problem. Luckily for Germany's opponents, the master race was totally impervious to something as mundane as logic.
Copyright 2008, The Washington Post. All Rights Reserved.

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Mark Mazower
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Descripción Penguin Books Ltd, United Kingdom, 2009. Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. Language: English . Brand New Book. Mark Mazower s Hitler s Empire is a provocative account of the rise and fall of Nazi Europe by one of Britain s leading historians. Hitler s empire was the largest, most brutal and most ambitious reshaping of Europe in history. Inspired by the imperial legacy of those such as the British, the Third Reich cast its shadow from the Channel Islands to the Caucasus and ruled hundreds of millions. Yet, as Mark Mazower s groundbreaking new account shows, it was an empire built on an illusion.From Hitler s plans for vast motorways crossing an ethnically cleansed Russian steppe, to dreams of a German super-economy rivalling America s, Mazower reveals the lethal fusion of mass murder, modern managerialism and colossal incompetence that underpinned the Nazi New Order. Ultimately Hitler s empire ended up consuming its own, leaving destruction in its wake and finishing not just with the downfall of Germany, but an entire continent. Remarkable . provocative . an important new book Adam Tooze, Sunday Telegraph A stunning survey . breaks new ground Dominic Sandbrook, Daily Telegraph Books of the Year A first-class account Richard Overy, Literary Review Brilliant . a must for anyone who has a serious interest in the dreadful Third Reich Justin Cartwright, Spectator Exposes the intellectual bankruptcy of the enterprise with forensic skill and wit Christopher Silvester, Daily ExpressMark Mazower is the author of Inside Hitler s Greece, Dark Continent: Europe s Twentieth Century, The Balkans - which won the Wolfson Prize for History - and Salonika: City of Ghosts, which won both the Runciman Prize and the Duff Cooper Prize. He has taught at the University of Sussex, Princeton University and Birkbeck College, University of London. He is now Professor of History at Columbia University. Nº de ref. de la librería AAZ9780141011929

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Descripción Penguin Books, 2009. Estado de conservación: New. 2009. Paperback. Hitler's empire was the largest, most brutal and most ambitious reshaping of Europe in history. Inspired by imperial legacy of those such as British, Third Reich cast its shadow from Channel Islands to Caucasus and ruled hundreds of millions. This title offers an account of the rise and fall of Nazi Europe by one of Britain's leading historians. Num Pages: 768 pages, illustrations. BIC Classification: 1DFG; 3JJG; 3JJH; HBJD; HBLW. Category: (G) General (US: Trade). Dimension: 197 x 129 x 34. Weight in Grams: 544. . . . . . . Nº de ref. de la librería V9780141011929

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Descripción Penguin Books. Estado de conservación: New. 2009. Paperback. Hitler's empire was the largest, most brutal and most ambitious reshaping of Europe in history. Inspired by imperial legacy of those such as British, Third Reich cast its shadow from Channel Islands to Caucasus and ruled hundreds of millions. This title offers an account of the rise and fall of Nazi Europe by one of Britain's leading historians. Num Pages: 768 pages, illustrations. BIC Classification: 1DFG; 3JJG; 3JJH; HBJD; HBLW. Category: (G) General (US: Trade). Dimension: 197 x 129 x 34. Weight in Grams: 544. . . . . . Books ship from the US and Ireland. Nº de ref. de la librería V9780141011929

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Descripción Penguin Books Ltd, United Kingdom, 2009. Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. Language: English . Brand New Book. Mark Mazower s Hitler s Empire is a provocative account of the rise and fall of Nazi Europe by one of Britain s leading historians. Hitler s empire was the largest, most brutal and most ambitious reshaping of Europe in history. Inspired by the imperial legacy of those such as the British, the Third Reich cast its shadow from the Channel Islands to the Caucasus and ruled hundreds of millions. Yet, as Mark Mazower s groundbreaking new account shows, it was an empire built on an illusion.From Hitler s plans for vast motorways crossing an ethnically cleansed Russian steppe, to dreams of a German super-economy rivalling America s, Mazower reveals the lethal fusion of mass murder, modern managerialism and colossal incompetence that underpinned the Nazi New Order. Ultimately Hitler s empire ended up consuming its own, leaving destruction in its wake and finishing not just with the downfall of Germany, but an entire continent. Remarkable . provocative . an important new book Adam Tooze, Sunday Telegraph A stunning survey . breaks new ground Dominic Sandbrook, Daily Telegraph Books of the Year A first-class account Richard Overy, Literary Review Brilliant . a must for anyone who has a serious interest in the dreadful Third Reich Justin Cartwright, Spectator Exposes the intellectual bankruptcy of the enterprise with forensic skill and wit Christopher Silvester, Daily ExpressMark Mazower is the author of Inside Hitler s Greece, Dark Continent: Europe s Twentieth Century, The Balkans - which won the Wolfson Prize for History - and Salonika: City of Ghosts, which won both the Runciman Prize and the Duff Cooper Prize. He has taught at the University of Sussex, Princeton University and Birkbeck College, University of London. He is now Professor of History at Columbia University. Nº de ref. de la librería AAZ9780141011929

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Descripción Paperback. Estado de conservación: New. Not Signed; Mark Mazower's Hitler's Empire is a provocative account of the rise and fall of Nazi Europe by one of Britain's leading historians. Hitler's empire was the largest, most brutal and most ambitious reshaping of Europe in history. Inspired by the imperial legacy of those such as the British, the Third. book. Nº de ref. de la librería ria9780141011929_rkm

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