This first modern, full-bodied study of early horticulture and agriculture in the Neotropics unites new methods of recovering, identifying, and dating plant remains with a strong case for Optimal Foraging Strategy in this historical context. Drawing upon new approaches to tropical archaeology, Dolores Piperno and Deborah Pearsall argue that the tropical forest habitat is neither as hostile nor as benevolent for human occupation and plant experimentation as researchers have suggested. Among other conclusions, they demonstrate that tropical forest food production emerged concurrent with that in the Near East, that many tropical lowland societies practiced food production for at least 5,000 years before the emergence of village life, and that by 7000 B.P. cultivated plots had been extended into the forest, with the concomitant felling and killing of trees to admit sunlight to seed and tuber beds. Piperno and Pearsall have written a polished study of the low-lying regions between southwestern Mexico and the southern rim of the Amazon Basin. With modern techniques for recording and dating botanical remains from archaeological sites and genetic studies to determine the relationships between wild and domesticated plants, their research pulls together a huge mass of information produced by scholars in various disciplines and provides a strong theoretical framework in which to interpret it. Key features include: arguments that tropical forest food production emerged at approximately the same time as that in the Near East and is earlier than currently demonstrated in highland Mexico and Peru; and contends that the lowland tropics witnessed climatic and vegetational changes between 11,000 BP and 10,000 BP, no less profound than those experienced at higher latitudes. It appeals to anyone concerned with Latin American prehistory. It offers coverage of the development of slash and burn (or swidden) cultivation and, focuses on low and lower mid-elevations.
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"Piperno and Pearsall provide insight and depth to the origins of agriculture from Southern Mexico to northern South America, and a brief review of the effects of El Nino. There are 14 color photographs, 22 black-and-white plates, and numerous figures and tables. Indexes of common and scientific names and subjects. Essential reading for students of tropical agriculture, ethnobotany, and economic botany." (--S.L. Timme, Pittsburg State University in CHOICE, November 1998)
"Our understanding of the origins of agriculture in the tropical lowlands has traditionally been limited by narrow theoretical and methodological approaches. This provocative book presents an up-to-date review of the direct and indirect evidence for early cultigens, a history of ideas, and the intense contemporary debates on the origins and development of agriculture in the tropical regions of the Americas. Piperno and Pearsall propose a bold theoretical perspective on the priority and importance of early crop domestication by the inhabitants of the Neotropics." (--CLARK L. ERICKSON, UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANNIA, PHILADELPHIA)
"Dolores Piperno and Deborah Pearsall have produced the first comprehensive treatment of agricultural origins in the American tropical lowlands since Carl Sauer's landmark publications in the early 1950's. This book will be required reading for all serious students of the development of agriculture and tropical human ecology. It highlights the important role which humans occupying the American tropics played in the domestication and dispersal of important crops and helps redress the dearth of literature available on that subject." (--J. SCOTT RAYMOND, UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY, ALBERTA, CANADA)
"The authors are active, well-known investigators with decades-long commitment to tropical forest agriculture and archaeology in Latin America. Their book is essential reading for everyone concerned with agricultural origins and the Neotropics." (--PATTY JO WATSON, EDWARD MALLINCKRODT DISTINGUISHED UNIVERSITY PROFESSOR OF ANTHROPOLOGY, WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY, ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI)About the Author:
Dolores Piperno works at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama. Her research includes the study of Late Pleistocene and Holocene environments and subsistence in tropical biomes through the analysis of micro-botanical remains (phytoliths and pollen), with emphasis on adaptations to the Neotropical forest. Deborah Pearsall, who received her Ph.D. degree from the University of Illinois, is head of the American Archaeology Division's Paleoethnobotany Laboratory, which offers facilities for the processing and analysis of archaeological botanical remains and phytoliths and maintains comparative collections from North America, South America, and the Caribbean. Her current research is focused on the evolution of agricultural systems in Ecuador and on refining phytolith classification and processing procedures.
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Descripción Emerald Group Publishing, 1998. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: New. No Jacket. 1st Edition. Emerald Group Publishing (1998). New Hardcover. 9.25"x6.1"X0.9". beh46965. Nº de ref. de la librería ABE-1492274885561
Descripción Emerald Group Publishing, 1998. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: New. Never used!. Nº de ref. de la librería P110125571801
Descripción Emerald Group Publishing, 1998. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: New. 1st. Nº de ref. de la librería DADAX0125571801
Descripción Emerald Group Publishing, 1998. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: New. book. Nº de ref. de la librería M0125571801