Us and Them

3,77 valoración promedio
( 166 valoraciones por Goodreads )
 
9780091801113: Us and Them

This groundbreaking and eloquently written book explains how and why people are wedded to the notion that they belong to differing human kindstribe-type categories like races, ethnic groups, nations, religions, castes, street gangs, sports fandom, and high school cliques. Why do we see these divisions? Why do we care about them so much? Why do we kill and die for them? This is the stuff of news headlines. How has a nation gone from peaceful coexistence to genocide? How does social status affect your health? Why are teenagers willing to kill themselves in hazing rituals in order to belong to a fraternity or social group? How do terrorists learn not to care about the lives of those they attack? US AND THEM gets at the heart of these profound questions by looking at their common root in human nature. Politics, culture, and economics play their parts, but its the human mind that makes them possible, and thats the focus of US AND THEM. Were not born with a map of human kinds; each person makes his own and learns to fight for it. This is a crucial subject that touches all of our lives in ways both large and small, obvious and subtle. Human-kind thinkingwhether beneficial or destructiveis part of human nature, as David Berrebys brilliant book reveals.

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From the Inside Flap:

Red States and Blue States Old and Young Christians, Muslims, Hindus, and Buddhists Married and Single Black, White, and Asian SUV owners and Minivan owners There are so many ways to sort people. We all do it, all the time. From everyday decisions (who to invite to dinner?) to life choices (who to marry?) to the great turning points of history (who to war against?), we’re guided by an ever-present sense, in any situation, of who belongs with whom, and what that belonging means. Everyone is part of many groups at once, of course – you might be a woman, a parent, a Republican, an American, and a Hindu. So how do we decide which identities matter? Why do they matter so much? What makes people willing to die, or to kill, for a religion, nation, race, or caste?

In this groundbreaking book, David Berreby shows how science tackles these questions of group identity. Drawing on new findings from anthropology to neuroscience, he argues that this ``tribal’’ sense is a part of human nature, expressing itself in every aspect of life.

The effects run deep, shaping our lives and opportunities. Us and Them elegantly explains how this tribal sense: · Alters our thoughts: Show older people a negative image of the aged, and they act more feeble. Asian women reminded of their Asian heritage did better on a math test than those who were reminded they were women. In a small room, the lone holdout against a group’s opinion usually gives in and changes – even when it’s obvious that the group is wrong. · Affects our health: People’s sense of their place in society directly links to measures of stress, depression, and cholesterol levels · Can be manipulated for both good and ill – to make people feel that injustice and oppression are perfectly normal, for instance, or at other times, to help people set aside hatred in favor of reconciliation. One experimenter made a group of young summer campers into warring ``tribes.’’ And, just as easily, he brought them back together. Us and Them explains how and why it’s all a matter of how the tribal buttons are pushed. We can’t live without our tribal sense. It tells us who we are and how we should behave. It frees us from the narrow confines of the self, linking us to others and the past and the future. Some condemn this instinct, as if it were only a source of evil. Others celebrate it, as if loyalty and faith were never misused. David Berreby brilliantly describes a third alternative: How we can accept and understand our inescapable tribal mind.

From the Back Cover:

````Us and Them is thoughtful, witty, and impressively wide-ranging. Drawing on research in biology, neuroscience, and sociology, David Berreby offers a compelling new look at how we divide ourselves against one another." -- Carl Zimmer, author of Soul Made Flesh and Evolution: The Triumph of an Idea

"In Us and Them,David Berreby ranges from cutting-edge brain research to today’s headlines, and his topic—one that lies at the very root of human conflict—couldn’t be more compelling. Although there may always be some objective basis for a human group, all groups cross-cut and overlap.Our own circumstances and minds determine which groups we give importance to.Everyone should take Berreby’s message to heart." —Derek Bickerton, author of Language and Species, and Professor of Linguistics, University of Hawai’i

"What makes Them different from Us? The answer, according to this surprising book, may reside in the twists and turns of the brain. In his witty, provocative, and very amiable look at the tribal mind, David Berreby uses modern neuroscience, philosophy, and plain old counterintuitive thinking to explore the psychology of racism, nationalism, religious persecution, social oppression, and all the other ways that humans categorize and then demonize their fellows. He has seen the enemy, and it is Us." —Stephen S.Hall,author of Merchants of Immortality

"David Berreby bravely plunges into the most critical topic of this or any other time, our compulsion for dividing people into good guys and bad guys. Us and Them not only provokes, fascinates, and informs; it is one of those rare books that may actually make a difference." —John Horgan,author of The End of Science and Rational Mysticism

"David Berreby brings wit, charm, and curiosity to his book about the ugliest habits of our species—an amazing feat.He steers with a sure hand between the Scylla of earnestness and the Charybdis of detachment while he explains how the psychological, social, and brain sciences are learning about our readiness to divide all humanity intoUs and Them." —Jonathan Shay,MD, PhD, author of Achilles in Vietnam

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Berreby , David
Editorial: HUTCHINSON (RAND) (2006)
ISBN 10: 0091801117 ISBN 13: 9780091801113
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Descripción HUTCHINSON (RAND), 2006. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: New. Us and Them.Berreby, David.New,may have slight shelf wear. Nº de ref. de la librería 001460

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David Berreby
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David Berreby
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David Berreby
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