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GALILEI, Galileo & CASTELLI, Benedetto]

Editorial: Cosimo Giunti, Florence (1615)

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Descripción: Cosimo Giunti, Florence, 1615. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Very Good. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. GRAZIA, Vincenzio di. Considerazioni di M. Vincenzio di Grazia sopra'l Discorso di Galileo Galilei. Intorno alle cose che stanno in sù l'acqua, e che inquella si muovono. Florence, Zanobi Pignoni, 1613. 86 pp, (2). 4tos, untrimmed and bound in contemporary Italian decorative publisher¿s boards; some wear and minor restoration; occasional minor staining and some scattered foxing, but a wonderfully genuine volume in generally fine condition. A remarkable conjunction: First editions of two scarce and important Galileana ¿ an attack on Galileo¿s theory of hydrostatics by Vincenzo di Grazia bound alongside Galileo¿s lengthy defence of his position. Of great interest for showing the methodological interrelationship of Galileo¿s physics and his astronomy. The two works are found here in a well-preserved contemporary state, untrimmed and bound for a 17th century follower of the power struggle between Galileo and the Aristotelians. Bound first is Vincenzio di Grazia¿s critique of Galileo¿s Discorso al serenissimo Don Cosimo II (Florence, Giunti, 1612) representing a staunch defence of the Aristotelian understanding of materials and their buoyancy ¿ a position far removed from Galileo¿s own strongly empirical reconsideration of hydrostatics in terms of what we today call specific gravity. Di Grazia imputes to Galileo six principles concerning elements, buoyancy, and scientific methodology (cf Drake, pp 219-20). All in all, Di Grazia sees in Galileo¿s new observational science a dangerous method which confounds common sense and sound theoretical reasoning: ¿concerning those things that cannot be grasped through the senses or, if so, only poorly, [Galileo] insists on explaining them through the senses, as with the cavities of the moon, the sun-spots, and a thousand more things like that¿ (Considerazioni, pp 82-3). The second work, Risposta alle Opposizioni del S. Lodovico delle Colombe, e del S. Vincenzo di Grazia, gives Galileo¿s ripost to these criticisms, together with an attack on an old enemy, Ludovico delle Colombe. As he would do numerous times, Galileo hides behind the name of a devoted follower, Benedetto Castelli. However, a manuscript of the Risposta in Galileo¿s own hand discovered in the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale has convinced authorities such as Drake that it is, in fact, principally authored by Galileo himself. Nº de ref. de la librería 4954

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GALILEI, GALILEO

Editorial: Florence: Giovanni Batista Landini, 1632. (1632)

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Descripción: Florence: Giovanni Batista Landini, 1632., 1632. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Near Fine. No Jacket. 1st Edition. FIRST EDITION of Galileo’s defense of the Copernican system; his most famous work and of profound historical and scientific influence. Florence: Giovanni Batista Landini, 1632. Without the famous engraved frontispiece. Many copies were originally issued without the frontispiece; this copy has a frontispiece supplied in facsimile by noted Galileo scholar Owen Gingerich. Provenance: With Harvard Library bookplate and stamps. Occasional browning (much less than usual); text with exceptionally large margins. Nº de ref. de la librería ABE-11488348997

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Istoria e dimostrazioni intorno alle macchie solari: GALILEI, Galileo

GALILEI, Galileo

Editorial: Giacomo Mascardi, Rome (1613)

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Cantidad: 1

Remitente: Sokol Books Ltd. ABA ILAB (London, Reino Unido)

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Descripción: Giacomo Mascardi, Rome, 1613. Softcover. Estado de conservación: Good. GALILEO'S DEFENSE OF THE COPERNICAN THEORY, FIRST EDITION 4to, pp. (4), 164, 55, (1), plus folded table. Roman letter, little Italic; device of the Lincei Academy on title, historiated initials and engraved full-page portrait of Galileo at p. 5, 43 full-page engravings of sunspots and of Jovian satellites, several engraved tables and woodcut diagrams in text; light foxing mainly to margins, couple of tiny wormholes to gutter, light damp stain to tail of central gatherings, ink splash on f. Aii. A good copy in contemporary limp vellum, eps renewed ; two minor repairs to head and tail of spine; occasional early underlining; label of David P. Wheatland (1898-1993), founder and curator of the Collection of Historical Scientific Instruments of Harvard on front pastedown. Rare first edition of Galileo’s earliest published endorsement of the Copernican theory, in its most complete variant. Two issues appeared in Rome by Mascardi, one with three additional letters by the Jesuit scientist Christoph Scheiner. Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) was one of the greatest mathematicians and astronomers of all time. His cutting-edge discoveries revolutionised early modern physics and eventually provoked the famous condemnation of the Holy Inquisition. Amongst many other acknowledgements, he was a member of the prestigious Academy of Lincei, a pioneering scientific fellowship established in Rome by Federico Cesi. Galileo wrote the Istoria e dimostrazione in the form of three letters to his fellow academician Marcus Welser of Augsburg, arguing that sunspots appeared on the surface of the sun: they were not tiny satellites, as the traditional Aristotelian interpretation suggested. Based on telescopic observation of their motion, Galileo concluded that the sun rotated on a fixed axis like the Earth and other planets, thus embracing and somehow overstepping Copernicus’s view. In his usual combative tone, he maintained: ‘this planet also, perhaps no less than horned Venus, agrees admirably with the great Copernican system on which propitious winds now universally are seen to blow .’ His further discovery of the Satellites of Jupiter is described and illustrated with 5 plates. The work also includes Galileo's first written account of the phases of Venus and Mercury as well as some considerations on the many puzzling mysteries surrounding Saturn. His circumstantial approval of the Copernican model anticipated many of his later theories and the related political and religious consequences. This issue contains a second part entitled De maculis solaribus tres epistolae, comprising the three letters written to Welser by Christoph Scheiner about 1611. Scheiner was a Jesuit scholar and professor in Ingolstadt, Rome, Vienna and Nyssa. A pugnacious defender of the Ptolemaic system, he was a major antagonist of Galileo. His epistles, in which he states that sunspots are small planets, prompted Galileo to publish his account of his own observations. This was the first of several other debated between the two scholars, involving also the paternity of the discovery of the spots. The two issues of the editio princeps of Istoria e dimostrazioni were published at the same time; apparently, the first was meant to be distributed in Italy (where there would be no copyright dispute on Scheiner’s letters), whereas the second was tailored for export. The edition bears a beautiful engraved portrait of Galileo within architectural border, drawn by the famous artist Francesco Villamena (1564-1624). Two putti are representations of astronomical science: one is measuring with a compass, the other is observing the sky with a telescope. BM STC It. 17th, 373; Cinti, 44; Carli and Favaro, 60; Riccardi, I, 509 (without Schenier’s letters); Waller, 12046; Dawson, 2587 (‘[This issue] is generally considered to be the rarer of the two, and certainly to be preferred, as it gives us the full story of these celebrated discoveries’). Italian. Nº de ref. de la librería K24

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Mathematical Collections and Translations: The First Tome: GALILEO, Galilei (1564-1642);

GALILEO, Galilei (1564-1642); - Thomas SALUSBURY (c.1625-c.1665)

Editorial: William Leyboun, London (1661)

Usado Tapa dura Primera edición

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Remitente: Donald A. Heald Rare Books (ABAA) (New York, NY, Estados Unidos de America)

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Descripción: William Leyboun, London, 1661. 2 parts in 1, tall quarto. (13 x 8 1/4 inches). [14], 503, [1], [24]; [14], 118, [6]pp. 4 engraved plates. Lacks the half-title and without the errata leaf found in some copies. (A few expert repairs to tears at edges of preliminary leaves). Expertly bound to style in period calf, covers bordered with a gilt double fillet, spine with raised bands in six compartments, morocco lettering piece in the second compartment, the others with a repeat decoration in gilt First edition in English of Galileo's Dialogo, his celebrated defence of the Copernican view of the solar system: a milestone in the history of science. After years of being forbidden to teach the Copernican theory, in 1632 Galileo was given the opportunity to express these views by the new Pope, Urban VIII, his friend, admirer and patron for more than a decade. Urban granted Galileo permission to write a book about theories of the universe, "provided that the arguments for the Ptolemaic view were given an equal and impartial discussion" (DSB). Galileo's formal use of the dialogue, casting the work as a hypothetical discussion, allowed him fully to explore the Copernican model within Urban's parameters. The work "is a masterly polemic for the new science. It displays all the great discoveries in the heavens which the ancients had ignored; it inveighs against the sterility, wilfulness, and ignorance of those who defend their systems; it revels in the simplicity of Copernican thought and, above all, it teaches that the movement of the earth makes sense in philosophy, that is, in physics . The Dialogo, more than any other work, made the heliocentric system a commonplace" (PMM). In casting the Pope as the simple-minded Aristotelian Simplicius, Galileo brought upon himself arrest, trial by the Inquisition and life imprisonment. The sentence was commuted to permanent house arrest, but the printing of any of his works was forbidden. In 1664, English historian Thomas Salusbury published the present English collection of Galileo's work, including a translation of the Dialogo titled Systeme of the World, and followed by the short but important Epistle to the Grand Dutchesse Mother concerning the Authority of Holy Scripture in Philosophical Controversies (known today as the Letter to Christina), which was only the second work of Galileo's to be published in England. Apart from the two works by Galileo, Salusbury included other translations in volume I of his Collections, including Italian mathematician Benedetto Castelli's works on fluids in motion. In 1666, the Great Fire of London swept through the city, destroying many copies of this work and nearly all copies of the 1665 second volume containing the first book-length depiction of Galileo's life. (The title-page to part two of volume I mis-states that it is 'the second tome', an obvious cause of some bibliographical confusion). Salusbury died at roughly the same time, perhaps, as some believe, in the Great Fire. Carli-Favaro 276; ESTC R19153; Wing S-517. Nº de ref. de la librería 28873

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Istoria e dimostrazioni intorno alle macchie solari: GALILEI, Galileo.
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Descripción: Rome: Giacomo Mascardi, 1613, 1613. Small quarto. Eighteenth-century vellum over pasteboard, spine lettered in gilt panel, armorial bookplate of Nicolas Jean Baudelot de Rouvray, engraved by Corlet. Housed in a black quarter morocco solander box made by the Chelsea Bindery. With the early ownership inscription of the astronomer Samuel Kechel (1611–1668) at the foot of the title page. Title a little dust-soiled and with minor paper restoration at top edge, a very good copy. Woodcut device of the Lincei Academy on title, historiated initials, engraved full-page portrait of Galileo drawn by Francesco Villamena (1564–1624), 43 full-page engravings of sunspots and of Jovian satellites, several engraved tables and woodcut diagrams in text. First edition, first issue, of Galileo's earliest published endorsement of the Copernican theory. The book is in the form of three letters to his fellow academician Marcus Welser of Augsburg. The book is illustrated with the famous series of sunspot observations made by Galileo in 1612 during the summer months. Galileo demonstrated that sunspots were not small satellites, as the traditional Aristotelian interpretation suggested. Based on telescopic observation of their motion, Galileo concluded that the sun rotated on a fixed axis like the Earth and other planets, thus embracing and elaborating Copernicus's heliocentric model. Galileo's further discovery of the satellites of Jupiter is described and illustrated with five plates. The work also includes Galileo's first written account of the phases of Venus and Mercury as well as some considerations on the many puzzling mysteries surrounding Saturn. The second issue adds three letters from the Jesuit Scheiner to Welser, written in 1611. The 17th-century provenance of this copy is interesting: Samuel Kechelius, or Samuel Carl Kechel ab Hollensteyn (1611–1668), was a mathematician and astronomer from Prague and worked as a private lecturer in Leiden. He became known for first observing the comet ("staert-ster") of 1664, which he described both to Christian Huygens and in a short tract. BM STC It. 17th, 373; Cinti, 44; Carli and Favaro, 60; Riccardi, I, 509 (without Schenier's letters); Waller, 12046. Nº de ref. de la librería 110141

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GALILEI, Galileo

Editorial: Rome Giacomo Mascardi 1623. (1623)

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Cantidad: 1

Remitente: Martayan Lan (New York, NY, Estados Unidos de America)

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Descripción: Rome Giacomo Mascardi 1623., 1623. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Very Good. 1st Edition. 4to. [22 x 16.5 cm], (7) ff., including engraved title and portrait of Galileo signed Villamoena, 236 pp. Bound in 19th-century vellum. Excellent. First edition, first issue of an outstanding document in the history of science. The work grew out of the appearance of three comets in the autumn of 1618 and articulate the principal arguments of whether they were atmospheric or celestial phenomena. More importantly, Il Saggiatore is intimately connected with, if indeed it did not originate, the rift between Galileo and the Jesuits which ultimately saw the astronomer imprisoned by the Inquisition after the publication of the Dialogo in 1632. Il Saggiatore is often called Galileo’s "scientific manifesto," and is certainly one of the most celebrated polemics in the history of physical science. It is the first of Galileo’s works written after the Inquisiton’s warning not to propound or defend the Copernican theory, which of course he does, albeit in covert form. The engraved illustrations in Il Saggiatore include some of the earliest published of the rings of Saturn, Mars in inferior and superior conjunction, and the phases of Venus. The work comes in several issues, of which this is the first, with the short errata list correcting 16 errors.* Cinti 73; Riccardi I.511, 628; De Backer-Sommervogel III.1684-86; L’Accademia dei Lincei e la cultura europea nel XVII secolo, 14 (Grassi), 15 (Galileo) and generally pp. 75ff.; Drake & O'Malley, The Controversy of the Comets of 1618, p. vi. Signed by Author(s). Nº de ref. de la librería 3704

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GALILEI, Galileo

Editorial: Cosimo Giunti, Florence (1612)

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Descripción: Cosimo Giunti, Florence, 1612. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Near Fine. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. (2) ff, 77 pp, (1), (1) f with printer¿s emblem. Bound with: [GALILEI, Galileo & CASTELLI, Benedetto]. Risposta alle Opposizioni del S. Lodovico delle Colombe, e del S. Vincenzo di Grazia. Florence, Cosimo Giunti, 1615. (1) ff, (2), 319 [ie 335] pp with numerous mispaginations, (5) including printer¿s emblem. Bound in contemporary limp vellum with MS title on spine, ¿Galileo Galilei Opera¿, internally very fresh, an excellent copy in all respects. A remarkable pairing of two Galileana bound together by a contemporary follower of the power struggle between Galileo and the Aristotelians. The second augmented edition of Galileo¿s classic on hydrostatics, published the same year within months of the first edition, represents his first published work in physics (Drake, p. 179). The Discorso is hailed by historians of science as having united for the first time two previously separate disciplines: statics and dynamics, resulting in a new science of mechanics, containing his first published statements on the concept of moment, an abstract concept of physical force which has been shown to have dominated his early physical thinking, and contains several first announcements concerning some of his great astronomical discoveries relating to sunspots, the triple form of Saturn, and the phases of Venus. The present 2nd edition contains significant additional text concerning this important concept. The Risposta, one of the scarcest of Galileo¿s works on the market, contains his lengthy and scathing replies to his critics only a year before his official castigation by the Catholic Church. Two years after the publication of the Sidereus Nuncius which assured his place in the history of science, and after displaying his telescopic discoveries in Rome, Galileo returned to Florence and devoted himself to the study of floating bodies, ¿the real, intrinsic and total cause why some bodies float and others sink.¿ In the Discorso, Galileo supports Archimedes and opposes Aristotle on the behavior of bodies in water, arguing that the reason some solids sink is the excess of their weight over the weight of water. Employing the concept of moment¿ ¿the force with which the mover moves and the floating body resists¿ ¿and the principle of virtual velocities, Galileo far surpasses the hydrostatic considerations of Archimedes: ¿The new method enables Galileo to unify statics and dynamics into a new science of mechanics which became the foundation of modern physics¿ (Rose, The Italian Renaissance of Mathematics, p. 287). As noted above, the second edition may be distinguished from the first by the additional material contained therein; notably, Galileo drew attention to these additions by printing them in Roman type rather than Italic. Among these additions are Galileo¿s first announcements of the Sun¿s rotation period, his announcements of sunspots, and his discovery of the ¿horns¿ of Saturn. Nº de ref. de la librería 5083

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Manuscript of his 'Letter to Christina' 1615,: GALILEI, Galileo

GALILEI, Galileo

Editorial: [Florence, Palazzo Strozzi, second half of the seventeenth century] (1680)

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Cantidad: 1

Remitente: WP Watson Antiquarian Books (London, Reino Unido)

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Descripción: [Florence, Palazzo Strozzi, second half of the seventeenth century], 1680. 4to (258 x 198 mm), ff [30, foliated 25-54], in a fine scribal hand, brown ink on paper; second work in a volume with eight other manuscript texts in different hands (foliated [2] 1-285), general title 'Materie Varie' with Strozzi arms, some general browning, some restoration as a result of ink corrosion or water damage to some of the documents (but not affecting the Galileo), uncut in recent vellum. £32,500A manuscript version (containing variants of the text) of Galileo's celebrated 'Letter to Christina' of Lorraine (1565-1637), Grand Duchess of Tuscany, which was written in 1615 but not published until 1636 in Strasbourg. This is a work that circulated widely in manuscript, and it was via manuscript copies such as the above that some of Galileo's most controversial ideas about Copernicanism and the relationship between Scripture and science were disseminated. These manuscript versions contain textual variants that distinguish them from the printed text.The Letter is a 'superb manifesto of the freedom of thought . Its purpose was to silence all theological objections to Copernicus. Its result was the precise opposite: it became the principal cause of the prohibition of Copernicus, and of Galileo's downfall' (Koestler). Galileo in it Galileo upholds the primacy of science and argues for its freedom from theological interference. He boldly asserts that scientific truth has priority over theology when it comes to accounting for the natural world: 'Scripture teaches us how to go to heaven but not how the heavens go'. The work concludes with an unequivocal argument for the truth of the Copernican system. The ideas expressed were instrumental in the Inquisition's prosecution of Galileo and condemnation of Copernicanism. It was finally published outside Italy by Matthias Bernegger, who made an accompanying Latin translation. This publication was condemned by the Holy Office and its distribution in Catholic countries forbidden.'In December 1613 theological objections to Copernicanism were raised, in Galileo's absence, at a court dinner, where Galileo's part was upheld by Benedetto Castelli. Learning of this, Galileo wrote a long letter to Castelli concerning the inadmissibility of theological interference in purely scientific questions. After the public denunciation [of Galileo] in 1614, Castelli showed this letter to an influential Dominican priest, who made a copy of it and sent it to the Roman Inquisition for investigation. Galileo then promptly sent an authoritative text of the letter to Rome and began its expansion into the Letter to Christina, composed in 1615 and eventually published in 1636. Galileo argued that neither the Bible nor nature could speak falsely and that the investigation of nature was the province of the scientist, while the reconciliation of scientific facts with the language of the Bible was that of the theologian' (Stillman Drake in DSB).This work brought to a head the confrontation between Copernicanism and the dogmas of the Church. In 1616 'Nicolaus Copernicus's On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres is, for the first time, placed on the Index of forbidden books by the Catholic church, which forbids, in particular, the teaching of a sun-centered universe. Galileo Galilei is summoned before the Inquisition for teaching the sun-centered theory and for suggesting that it is not the Scriptures but misinterpretations of them which have led to the supposition that the Bible confirms the geocentric theory. Galileo is dismissed with a warning to stop supporting the Copernican viewpoint' (Parkinson Breakthroughs).From 1615 on the work circulated in manuscript copies, such as the present one, as it was too controversial and dangerous to publish. These copies were quasi-public editions, made to advance Galileo's cause, and as part of his campaign to influence leading theologians to support the Copernican system.Antonio Favaro, the editor of Galileo's works for the National Edition (1890-1909), analysed thirty-fo. Nº de ref. de la librería 3663

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Galileo

Editorial: Gio. Battista Landini, Florence (1632)

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Remitente: Jeremy Norman's historyofscience (Novato, CA, Estados Unidos de America)

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Descripción: Gio. Battista Landini, Florence, 1632. Galilei, Galileo (1564-1642). (1) Dialogo di Galileo Galilei Linceo . . . sopra i due massimi sistemi del mondo Tolemaico, e Copernicano. [8], 458, [32]pp. Woodcut text illustrations. Lacking engraved frontispiece and final blank. Florence: Gio. Battista Landini, 1632. (2) Le operazioni del compasso geometrico et militare. Terza edizione. [8], 80pp. Folding engraved plate, woodcut text illustrations. Padua: Paolo Frambotto, 1649. Together 2 works in 1, 4to. 222 x 160 mm. Late 19th or early 20th century vellum, gilt-lettered spine label; front free endpaper lacking. Minor dampstaining in the Dialogo, with small marginal tear in one leaf neatly mended. Very good, crisp copies. Bookplate (dated 1894) of the Durham Cathedral Library.(1) First Edition. Eight years after Pope Paul V had forbidden him to teach Copernican theory, Galileo received permission from a new Pope, Urban VIII, to discuss Copernican astronomy in a book, so long as that book provided equal and impartial discussions of the Church-approved Ptolemaic system. Galileo’s Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems held to the letter of this command: the device of the dialogue, between a spokesman for Copernicus, one for Ptolemy and Aristotle, and an educated layman, allowed Galileo to remain technically uncommitted. After the book’s publication, however, Urban took offense at what he felt to be its jibes against himself and ordered Galileo to be tried by the Inquisition in Rome. Galileo was sentenced to permanent house arrest and forced to abjure all Copernican "heresy." The Dialogo was suppressed by the Church five months after its publication and formally condemned in June 1633; the work was placed on the Index librorum prohibitorum, where it remained until 1835. "In 1615 [Galileo] was officially silenced as regards the truth of astronomy. The Dialogo was designed both as an appeal to the great public and as an escape from silence. In the form of an open discussion between three friends—intellectually speaking, a radical, a conservative, and an agnostic—it is a masterly polemic for the new science. It displays all the great discoveries in the heavens which the ancients had ignored; it inveighs against the sterility, willfulness, and ignorance of those who defend their systems; it revels in the simplicity of Copernican thought and, above all, it teaches that the movement of the earth makes sense in philosophy, that is in physics. Astronomy and the science of motion, rightly understood, says Galileo, are hand in glove. There is no need to fear that the earth’s rotation will cause it to fly to pieces. So Galileo picked up one thread that led straight to Newton. The Dialogo, far more than any other work, made the heliocentric system a commonplace" (Printing and the Mind of Man). Carli & Favaro, Bibliografia Galileiana, 128. Cinti, Biblioteca Galileiana, 89. Dibner, Heralds of Science, 8. Horblit 18c. Norman 858. Printing and the Mind of Man 128. (2) Third edition. Galileo’s proportional compass, which he began manufacturing in 1597, was the most useful and successful calculating instrument until the invention of the slide rule in the mid-nineteenth century. In 1606 Galileo issued his Operazioni del compasso containing instructions on how to use the device; this first edition is a legendary rarity, as it was privately printed in an edition of only 60 copies. A second edition, with a small plate illustrating the compass, was published in 1640. The third edition is an exact reprint of the 1640 edition, but with a significantly larger plate. Carli & Favaro, Bibliografia Galileiana, 228. Cinti, Biblioteca Galileiana, 122. Nº de ref. de la librería 41431

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Dialogo sopra i due Massimi Sistemi del: GALILEI, Galileo

GALILEI, Galileo

Editorial: Florence (1632)

Usado Primera edición

Cantidad: 1

Remitente: B & L Rootenberg Rare Books, ABAA (Sherman Oaks, CA, Estados Unidos de America)

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Descripción: Florence, 1632. FIRST EDITION. 4to. [viii], 458, [32] pp. The engraved frontispiece facing the title by Stefano della Bella depicting Aristotle, Ptolemy and Copernicus in discussion surmounted by the Medici arms appears to be a facsimile on contemporary paper; woodcut printer’s device on title, woodcut initials, headpieces and diagrams. Contemporary vellum, Galileo and Systema Cosmica written in ink on spine; minor browning and spotting as usual. First edition of Galileo’s statement and defence of the Copernican system of heliocentrism, which directly led to his trial for heresy in Rome in 1633. The Dialogo was designed both as an appeal to the great public and as an escape from silence. In the form of an open discussion between three friends – intellectually speaking, a radical, a conservative, and an agnostic – it is a masterly polemic for the new science. Nº de ref. de la librería 14222

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GALILEI, Galileo

Editorial: HH. del Dozza, Bologna (1655)

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Descripción: HH. del Dozza, Bologna, 1655. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Near Fine. Large 4to. 2 volumes. I: (14) ff., 48, 48 pp., (4) ff., 160 pp., (2) ff., 68, 127 pp., (2) ff., 264, 43 pp., including allegorical frontispiece signed Stefano della Bella, Villamoena portrait of Galileo, and folding engraved plate of military compass. II: (1) f., 60 pp., (8) ff., 104 pp., (2) ff., 105-156, 48 pp., (4) ff., 179, (1) pp., (1) ff., 53-106 pp., (1) f., 103-126 pp., (4) ff., 238 [i.e., 242] pp., (3) ff. Woodcut initials and diagrams. Bound in contemporary vellum, title written in ink on spine and on lower edges; usual mild discoloration and light foxing on scattered leaves; several quires browned as usual. Generally a fine, wide-margined and fresh copy. First collected edition of Galileo¿s works, appearing only a year after his death and of great interest for his 17th-century reception: this was the edition in which Newton and later eminent scientists read their Galileo. Included here are not only most of the seminal pieces written and published over a lifetime, including the Starry Messenger of 1610, the first work of modern observational astronomy, but additional publications and letters by both supporters and antagonists. Together in one work they offer a veritable panorama of scientific activity in Italy during the first half of the seventeenth century, and are critical for the history of the formation of Galileo¿s text. The Opera contains many unpublished or little-known items provided to the editors by Vincenzo Viviani, Galileo¿s friend and disciple. Among them are a number of Galileo¿s hitherto unpublished letters and experiments and the La Bilancetta, his first scientific work, written in 1586. Both the Dialogo and the letter to Christina di Lorena were censored and are, therefore, omitted. A contemporary hand noted on the final flyleaf of Vol. 2, ¿La lettura de discorsi legati insieme è interdetta¿ (¿The reading of the discourses bound together is forbidden.¿). * Cinti 132; Riccardi I.518-19. Nº de ref. de la librería 3811

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Opere di Galileo Galilei linceo nobile fiorentino,: GALILEI, Galileo.

Descripción: Heredi del Dozza 1655-56, Bologna, 1655. First collected edition of the works of Galileo, edited by Carlo Manolessi, and appearing only a year after his death. This was the edition in which Newton and his later contemporaries read their Galileo. The volumes contain not only most of the major works written and published over his lifetime, but also substantial unpublished material, both by Galileo himself as well as by his supporters and critics. Many of these items were provided to the editor by Vincenzo Viviani, Galileo’s friend and disciple, including a number of Galileo’s hitherto unpublished letters and experiments and La Bilancetta, his first scientific work, written in 1586. The Dialogo was of course on the Index and was not included in editions of the Opere until 1744. A feature of this edition is that each work has its own separate title page, imprint and pagination, which has resulted in several copies being broken up, the individual tracts being sold individually. Carlo & Favaro 251; Cinti 132; Riccardi I 518-9. 2 vols., 4to (228 x 167 mm), contemporary flexible vellum, fully complete I: pp. [28], 48, 48, [8], 160, [4], 68, 127, [4], 264, 43, including allegorical frontispiece signed Stefano della Bella, engraved portrait of Galileo by Villamoena, and with large folding plate of proportional compass; II: pp. [2], 60, [16], 104, [4], 105-156, 48, [8], 179, [1], [2], 53-106, [2], 103-126, [8], 238 (i.e. 242), [6]. Numerous woodcut diagrams in text (collates as in Cinti, Bibliotheca Galileiana). Some scattered browning to various quires (as usual), light damp stain in the beginning of volume 2, but in general a very good and unsophistaced copy. Nº de ref. de la librería 3097

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Opere, divise in quattro tomi, in questa: GALILEI, Galileo.

GALILEI, Galileo.

Editorial: Padua: Gio. Manfre, 1744 (1744)

Usado

Cantidad: 1

Remitente: Peter Harrington. ABA member (London, Reino Unido)

Valoración librería: Valoración 5 estrellas

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Descripción: Padua: Gio. Manfre, 1744, 1744. Four volumes, quarto (268 x 195 mm). Uncut in contemporary drab boards ("carta rustica"), paper spine labels added at a later date, preserved in two black morocco backed cloth boxes. Short tear to rear joint of volume I, occasional light marginal damp marking and dust soiling, a few short marginal tears, a tiny work track across one line of the final leaf of volume III; a very good copy in original condition. Engraved portrait frontispiece by Zucchi to vol. I, engraved printer's device on titles, head- and tail-pieces, with numerous woodcut initials, engravings and figures in the text, and two plates, one folding. Third collected edition of Galileo's works, the first complete, and the first to include the Dialogo, along with other material published here for the first time. Galilei's Opere, first published in two volumes in 1656 in Bologna by Carlo Manolessi, was reprinted with some revision and the addition of a third volume in 1718 in Florence by Tommasso Bonaventure, assisted by Guido Grandi and Benedetto Bresciani. This third edition, edited and annotated by Giuseppe Toaldo, includes for the first time, added as the fourth volume, Galilei's Dialogo sopra i due massimi sistemi. New to this edition are the Trattato del modo di misurare con la vista, Ventitrè lettere a diversi, delle quali sedici al Micanzio e tre al Gualdo, Problemi vari e pensieri vari, and the Dialogo. Cinti 176; Carli and Favaro 478; Houzeau and Lancaster 3386; Riccardi I/1 522 22 ('molto più completa ed ordinata delle due precedenti'). Nº de ref. de la librería 109916

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Systema cosmicum. in quo quatuor dialogis, de: GALILEI, Galileo

GALILEI, Galileo

Editorial: D. Hauttius for the Elzevirs, Strasbourg (1635)

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Cantidad: 1

Remitente: Milestones of Science Books (Ritterhude, Alemania)

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Edición internacional
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Descripción: D. Hauttius for the Elzevirs, Strasbourg, 1635. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Near Fine. 1st Edition. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. 8vo (193x152 mm), [xvi], 495, [xxv] pp. Engraved frontispiece, full-page engraved portrait by Jacob van der Heyden, woodcut diagrams. Final leaf of errata. Engraved title with paper repair to right margin (not touching text), pages browned throughout as usual, 6 leaves with marginal unobtrusive repairs, Dd3 with small marginal hole, occasional annotations and markings in old hand. Contemporary vellum (repairs to spine and corners, lower cover with small stains). Provenance: old stamp to title, Lewis Einstein (booklabel to back of title page). A fine copy, collated complete. --- Honeyman IV 1409; Horblit 18c, Dibner 8; Carli-Favaro 32 (148); Caspar 11 (88); Cinti 196 (96); Riccardi I 512. - First Latin and first international edition of Galileo's enormously influential Dialogo demonstrating the validity of the Copernican heliocentric theory over the Ptolemaic theory of the solar system. It was the only major work of Galileo published outside Italy during his lifetime and made a huge impact outside professional scientific circles. If ordinary educated non-Italians read no other Galileo, they read this edition of this text. This edition also influenced generations of scientists outside Italy, among them Mersenne and Gassendi in France, Kepler in Germany and Wilkins and Wallis in England. Galileo's Dialogo is the summation of his ideas, presented in a didactic dialogue. It is a philosophical debate that takes place over four days between three speakers, Salviati (ie. Galileo), Sagredo and Simplicio (both Simplicius the commentator on Aristotle, and 'simplicio' ie. simple or naïve). Salivati puts forward the case for the heliocentric Copernican system and Simplicio puts forward the Aristotelian view. Sagrado, a Venetian nobleman, is the layman who is willing to learn from the other two (but who always agrees with Salivati in the end). The first day is concerned with the principles of motion, which in the second day is extended to include the earth's motion on a daily basis and the principle of relativity in observed motion. The third day treats of the sun's annual motion around the earth, which contains some pro-Copernican arguments, and the fourth gives us Galileo's idea that the ebb and flow of tides is due to the motion of the earth. The text closes with the editio princeps of Kepler's 'Perioche' and a long letter of Foscarini on the opinions of Pittagorichi and Copernicus.' The Dialogue has been described as "the story of the mind of Galileo." The book reveals Galileo as physicist and astronomer, sophisticate and sophist, polemicist and polished writer. Unlike the works of Copernicus and Kepler, the 'Dialogue' was a book for the educated public not just specialists, hence this edition's huge importance. In 1616 the Vatican declared the theories of Copernicus to be "foolish and absurd" and "formally heretical." De Revolutionibus was not banned but changes had to be made to the text, notably the removal of references to the compatibility of the ideas of Copernicus with scripture. Galileo was warned by the Pope not to continue defending the views of Copernicus, to which he acquiesced. In 1623 Maffeo Barberini became Pope. He had written a poem in praise of Galileo's telescopic discoveries and Galileo felt he might now be more receptive to his ideas. Galileo presented a copy of his Il Saggiatore to the Pope in which he ridiculed the Aristotelian views of Horatio Grassi and argued that scientific investigation should not be hindered by reliance on authority. The Pope enjoyed the book and this emboldened Galileo to ask for permission to publish his theories about tides. The Pope agreed on certain conditions. First, no mention was to be made to tides in the title as this would give too much prominence to a phenomenum which was used as evidence that the Earth moved. Second, Galileo was to state that this was only one of the ways in which the tides could have been created. The 'Dialogo' was the result. Nº de ref. de la librería 001634

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GASSENDI, Pierre (1592-1655) - GALILEI, Galileo (1564-1642): GASSENDI, Pierre (1592-1655)
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Descripción: Galilei Galileo, Due parti in un volume in 8vo; legatura coeva in piena bazzana, tagli marmorizzati; pp. (16), 199, (1), 173, (1) e 4 carte di tavole a piena pagina, che mostrano le Pleiadi, la cintura di Orione, Presepe e la nebulosa di Orione. Primo frontespizio stampato in rosso e nero. Il testo è inoltre illustrato da vari diagrammi astronomici e da figure che mostrano la supercie della luna come la vide Galileo durante le sue prime osservazioni con il telescopio. Restauro all'angolo inferiore esterno del primo frontespizio senza danno al testo, ma che comporta la perdita della parte finale della nota di possesso: "Karolus-Emmanuel de Ros.". Nel complesso, bellissima copia nella sua prima legatura.PRIMA EDIZIONE di questa raccolta di testi, che comprende la seconda edizione in assoluto dell'Institutio Astronomica di Gassendi, apparsa per la prima volta a Parigi nel 1647, nonché la prima edizione in terra inglese del Sidereus Nuncius (terza edizione in assoluto) e del Dioptrice di Keplero. L'Institutio Astronomica è considerata come il primo manuale moderno di astronomia; comprende tre sezioni dedicate rispettivamente alla teoria delle sfere, alla teoria astronomica e al confronto tra le idee di Brahe e Copernico. Il Dioptrice (prima edizione: Augusta, 1611) contiene la brillante spiegazione di Keplero su come funzioni un telescopio. Infine il Sidereus Nuncius, pubblicato per la prima volta a Venezia nel 1610 e considerato come il testo fondante dell'astronomia moderna, presenta la scoperta epocale delle fasi lunari e dei satelliti di Giove."Galileo's 'Starry Messenger' contains some of the most important discoveries in scientific literature. Learning in the summer of 1609 that a device for making distant objects seem close and magnified had been brought to Venice from Holland, Galileo soon constructed a spy-glass of his own which he demonstrated to the notables of the Venetian Republic, thus earning a large increase in his salary as professor of mathematics at Padua. Within a few months he had a good telescope, magnifying to 30 diameters, and was in full flood of astronomical observation. Through his telescope Galileo saw the moon as a spherical, solid, mountainous body very like the earth- quite different from the crystalline sphere of conventional philosophy. He saw numberless stars hidden from the naked eye in the constellations and the Milky Way. Above all, he discovered four new 'planets', the satellites of Jupiter that he called (in honor of his patrons at Florence) the Medicean stars. Thus Galileo initiated modern observational astronomy and announced himself as a Copernican" (PMM, 113).Wing, G291 (con la virgola alla riga 3 del titolo); Cinti, 128; Riccardi, I, col. 508; Sotheran, I p. 73 (1448). Nº de ref. de la librería 0000000004525

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Dialogo . Dove ne i congressi di: GALILEI, Galileo
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Descripción: 'In Fiorenza' [actually Naples, no printer], 1710, 1710. 4to (276 x 200 mm), pp [xii] 458 [30, index]; [ii] 83 [recte 81] [1, blank], title in red and black and with engraved vignette with the device and motto of the Accademia della Crusca, sectional title for second part, numerous woodcut diagrams in text; title a bit dustsoiled, a few occasional minor marginal stains, a very good copy in contemporary vellum. £12,500Unrecorded large-paper copy of the second vernacular edition of Galileo's celebrated Dialogo. This is an important edition as it contains an assembly of texts (see below) including the first Italian printing of Galileo's Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina, which had been published in Strasbourg in 1636; this is Galileo's famous defence of the independence of science from religion. There is also a reprint of Paolo Foscarini's Lettera . sopra l'opinione de' Pittagorici, e del Copernico. Della mobilita de la terra, e stabilita del sole, e del nuovo Pittagorico sistema del mondo (Naples, 1615), the first Italian work to openly advocate the Copernican theory. This work was condemned by the Inquisition, the printer imprisoned, and all known copies confiscated and burned, in 1616. Further, the teaching by Galileo and others of Copernicanism was condemned, and Copernicus' De revolutionibus was put on the Index. The 1616 Inquisition edict was invoked when Galileo published the Dialogo in 1632. Two further texts are included in this edition, an excerpt from Kepler's preface to the Astronomia nova (1609), and the Inquisition's sentence against Galileo and his abjuration.The Dialogo, which was put on the Index, was omitted from the Opere which appeared in Bologna 1655-6, and also from the Florence 1718 edition of the works. The present printing was unlicensed (hence the false imprint and anonymous printer).This edition was edited by Lorenzo Ciccarelli, under the pseudonym of 'Cellenio Zacclori', and dedicated to Duke Carlo Caraffa-Pacececco. It includes several important and generally unavailable (and at the time prohibited) texts that were not present in the first edition of 1632. These are Galileo, Lettera . scritta alla granduchessa di Toscana, first printed in 1636 (pp 1-35 of the second group of pages); Paolo Antonio Foscarini, Lettera . sopra l'opinione de' Pittagorici, e del Copernico, first printed in 1615 (pp 36-68); followed by Johannes Kepler, 'Perioche ex Introductione in Martem' (pp 69-74); 'Excerptum ex Didaci. Stunica Salmanticensis commentariis in Job, editiones Tolotanae, ap. Joannem Rodricum, Anno 1584 .' (pp 74-76); 'Sententia Cardinalium In Galilaeum et abjuratio eiusdem, excerptae ex J. B. Riccioli Almagesto Novo' (pp 76-80; and 'Abjuratio Galilaei' (pp 80-81). This section was also published separately, from the same type setting (Carli and Favaro 414).The Dialogo is a page-for-page reprint of the first.This is an apparently unknown large-paper issue of the 1710 Dialogo. The copy is some 40 mm higher and 30 mm wider than normal, and the text block is almost twice as thick as the ordinary issue. Carli and Favaro 413; Cinti 168. Nº de ref. de la librería 3533

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Opere. In questa nuova editione insieme raccolte,: GALILEI, Galileo

GALILEI, Galileo

Editorial: Evangelista Dozza, Bologna (1655)

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Cantidad: 1

Remitente: Milestones of Science Books (Ritterhude, Alemania)

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Descripción: Evangelista Dozza, Bologna, 1655. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Near Fine. 1st Edition. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. 1655-1656. 4to (228x165 mm); [22], 29-32, [2], 1-48; [8], 1-160; [4], 1-68; [2] 3-48; [2] 3-43 [1]; [2] 3-264 pp. [2], [1] 2-48; [2] 3-60; [2], 53-106; [2], 103-126; [3] 4-7 [1], 1-105, [3], 105-156; [4], 1-127 [1]; [8], 1-179 [1]; [8], 1-238 [i.e. 242], [6] pp. Including half-titles, allegorical frontispiece by Stefano Della Bella, engraved portrait of Galileo by F. Villamoena, double-page engraved plate, numerous woodcut illustrations and diagrams in text. Without the first blank in second volume. Paper repairs of a few mm to upper margin of some leaves and repaired tear to inner gutter of portrait (without loss) in first volume; second volume with tear and small hole in O2 affecting one letter and with paper restoration to torn lower corners of F2, T2 and V2 not affecting text, very little occasional spotting and light age-toning. Contemporary full vellum with title in manuscript to spines (spine browned, boards spotted and soiled, some wear to extremities, repair to inner hinges with new endpapers laid down to inner boards, some leaves reinforced at gutter). Illegible ownership inscriptions to title of first volume and half title of second volume. A fine, clean copy with ample margins in original binding. Complete set of all 17 works as called for by Cinti. ---- Cinti 132; Riccardi I, 518; Houzeau -Lancaster I, 3386; Honeyman 1418; Roller -G. I, 433; Wellcome III, 83. First and rare edition of Galileo's collected works, edited by Carlo Manolessi and dedicated to Grand Duke Ferdinand II. According to Riccardi it contains a number of pieces here published for the first time. Most of these are letters to various friends and opponents, discussing questions raised by his published works. Both The Dialogo and Letter to Christiana are listed on the index 'librorum prohibitorum' and were thus not included in the Opere. Copies as here with all parts listed by Cinti, are very rare, because the first buyer arranged the selection of parts as he desired. Content: Vol. 1: 1. Lettera di Maffeo Barberini sequita dalla Advlatio perniciosa; Le operationi, del compasso geometrico e militare di Galileo Galilei; 2. Usus et fabrica circini cuiusdam proportionis, per quem omnia . problemata facili negotio resoluuntur. Ppera et studio Balthasaris Capre. explicata; 3. Difesa di Galileo Galilei. Contro alle calunie & imposture di Baldessar Capra.; 4. Discorso. intorno alle cose, che stanno su? l'acqua, o? che in quella si muouono. Di Galileo Galilei.; 5. Annotationi di Mattia Bernaggeri [sic] soptr ?nstrumento delle proportioni del sig. Galileo Galilei; 6. Della scienza mechanic . o[n]pera del signor Galileo Galilei . La bilancetta del signore Galileo Galilei.; 7. Discorso apologetico di Lodovico dell Colombe, d'intorno al Discorso del 5. Galileo Gallei, circa le cose, che stanno su? l'acqua. Vol. 2: 8. De tribus cometis anni M. DC. XVIII, disputatio astronomica.; 9. Discorso delle comete di Mario Guiducci; 10. Sydereus nuncius magna, longeque admirabilia specula pandens.; 11. Continuatione del Nuntio sidereo di Galileo Galilei linceo.; 12. Lettera al. Tarquinio Galluzzi, di Mario Guiducci.; 13. Lettere del sig. Galileo Galilei al padre Christoforo Grienberger,.; 14. Istoria e dimostrationi intorno alle macchie solari e loro accidenti.; 15. Risposta alle oppositioni del sig. Lodovico delle Columbe e del sig. Vincenzo di Gratia, contro al trattato del. sig. Galileo, Galelei, dell cose che stanno su? l'acqua.; 16. Il Saggiatore. dal signor Galileo Galilei; Discorsi e Dimostrationi matematiche.; 17. Discorsi, e dimostrationi matematiche . del signor Galileo. Nº de ref. de la librería 001999

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Le operazioni del compasso geometrico et militare: GALILEI, Galileo

GALILEI, Galileo

Editorial: Padua, Paolo Frambotti, 1649 (1649)

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Remitente: WP Watson Antiquarian Books (London, Reino Unido)

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Descripción: Padua, Paolo Frambotti, 1649, 1649. 4to (235 x 172 mm), pp [viii] 80, with large folding engraved plate and several geometrical diagrams in text; a fine, crisp, unpressed, and uncut copy in contemporary carta rustica. £8500A superlative copy of the scarce third edition of Le Operazioni del Compasso Geometrico, containing an enlarged illustration of Galileo's sector for measuring and swiftly computing distances and mathematical problems. The original edition, published in 1606 and Galileo's first printed book of significance, did not contain an illustration of his 'proportional compass', probably because of the likelihood that it would be pirated.About 1596 Galileo invented a remarkably useful instrument, the geometrical and military compass. The device, a sort of primitive analogue computer, bears nine sets of lines or scales for calculating cube roots, square roots, interest rates, circle squaring, etc. Its object was to greatly reduce computations in the measurement of distance, as well as to extract roots and perform other mathematical functions 'on the fly'. It required three fundamental operations: setting the separation of the arms; taking the distance from the pivot to a point along one of its scales; and taking the crosswise distance between a point and the corresponding point on the other arm.Galileo envisaged his instrument as of use in both civil surveying and military fortification, and it was deliberately published in the Tuscan vernacular for the benefit of both audiences. The sector was particularly useful in 'measurement by sight' applications (described on pp 62-80), allowing the user to compute heights and distances on the same instrument he used to sight them with. 'One of the immediate consequences was that topographical surveying and mapping of terrain became possible for anyone interested, no longer requiring trained specialists' (Drake).The instrument proved to be much in demand, and the inventor established a workshop in his own house at Padova for its manufacture. As is well documented, the 'compass' was copied and plagiarized by others, notably one Baldassare Capra, and in 1606 Galileo published Le Operazioni del Compasso to vindicate his claim to the invention by describing its construction and use. This was his first significant work to appear in print and is very rare. Only 60 copies of this first edition were printed and probably only a dozen or so have survived.It should be noted that Galileo's 'compass', now called the sector, has been manufactured from Galileo's day right up to the present time. No previously known device had accomplished anything quite like it, although mechanical aids to calculation had appeared earlier in various forms. Something of the importance to society of such an invention as Galileo's, noted Stillman Drake, can be grasped from the modern introduction of the pocket electronic computer. It completely revolutionized the way people, from princes to land surveyors, calculated complex mathematical problems without pencil and paper and, in so doing, democratized practical mathematics.Riccardi's editions of 1619 and 1641 would appear to be ghosts; I cannot find any other record of them. Cinti states that the plate mark in the 1640 second edition, the first appearance of the illustration, measured 119 x 345 cm to the plate mark, but I can find no evidence of this. It is probably a setting error, because the true dimensions should be 228/9 x 340 mm according to copies I have checked. The plate mark in the 1649 edition measures ca 25 x 36.3 cm so the two are clearly different, unless the original plate had been cut. Also Cinti mentions a 'n.1' engraved in the margin, but the plate in this copy is not numbered. Carli and Favaro 228; Cinti 122; Tomash and Williams G13; cf also Drake's translation with foreword and notes (Smithsonian Institution Press, 1978). Nº de ref. de la librería 3771

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GASSENDI - GALILEO - KEPLER

Editorial: Secunda editio priori correctior. Londini, typis Jacobi Flesher, MDCLIII (Londra 1653), (1653)

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Descripción: Secunda editio priori correctior. Londini, typis Jacobi Flesher, MDCLIII (Londra 1653), 1653. Estado de conservación: molto buono. 3 parti in un vol. in-8, pp. (16), 199,173, (3 bianche); legatura coeva in pelle, tagli rossi (parte della cerniera ant. rotta). Seconda edizione, di notevole importanza in quanto per la prima volta comprende il ''Sidereus Nuncius'' di Galileo (pubblicato nel 1610 in due rarissime edizioni).Titolo generale impresso in rosso e nero e titolo a sé in nero per ciascuna opera (quello di Keplero occupa la pag. 51 della seconda parte). Dedica di Gassendi al Card. Arcivescovo di Lione ''Lodovico Alphonso Plesseo Richelio'', altra di Galileo a Cosimo II Medici e di Keplero ad Ernesto, Arcivescovo di Colonia ed Elettore del S.R.I. Con numerose figure silogr., anche a piena pag. n.t., e 4 tavole f.t. per il ''Sidereus Nuncius'', inserite tra le pp. 32 e 33 (''Constellatio Pleiadum'', ''Constellatio Cinguli et ensis Orionis'', ''Nebulosa Orionis'', ''Nebulosa Praesepe''), oltre le 4 figure della Luna n.t. Seconda edizione di importanti scritti scientifici. La ''Institutio Astronomica'' del Gassendi, apparsa per la prima volta nel 1647, mette in risalto i vari modelli di cosmo, specie quelli ideati da Tolomeo, Copernico e Tycho Brahe. La parte seconda contiene la terza edizione del ''Sidereus Nuncius'' di Galileo (''editio princeps'' 1610 e seconda ediz. stesso anno), nel quale egli divulga le osservazioni astronomiche fatte tramite il telescopio. La ''Dioptrica'' di Keplero, pubblicata nel 1611, qui in seconda edizione, è opera parallela a quella di Galileo e contiene, tra le altre cose, la prima spiegazione della miopia ed i primi disegni per un telescopio ottico invertito. Bell'esempl. marginoso, con firma di antica ''Ramsden'' al titolo. Carli-Favaro n. 241. Cinti non ha questa seconda edizione collettiva (al n. 128 registra solo la seconda parte ed al n. 155 descrive la terza collettiva, 1683, identica alla presente). Riccardi col. 508 e Sotheran I, p. 73, n. 1448 (ambedue solo per l'opera di Galileo). Nº de ref. de la librería 0000000008052

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Dialgus de Systemate Mundi, Systema Cosmicum: Galilei, Galileo

Galilei, Galileo

Editorial: Lyons: Jean-Antoine Huguetan the elder (1641)

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Descripción: Lyons: Jean-Antoine Huguetan the elder, 1641. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Very Good. 2nd Edition. Scarce second Latin edition of Galileo's revolutionary "Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems," published one year before Galileo's death. Any of Galileo's publications appearing during his lifetime have a special significance. Two important appendices by Kepler and Foscarini on the conflict between science and the bible were added for the Latin edition. Foscarini's Lettera was condemned by the Inquisition, the printer imprisoned, and all known copies confiscated and burned in 1616. It was the first Italian work to openly advocate the Copernican theory. A milestone of of modern science. The Dialogo presents the summation of Galileo's astronomical thought, and his controversial support of the Copernican view of the solar system based on observed fact instead of scripture. A turning point in the history of human intelligence, a pivot that continues to this day. Quarto, textblock measures 23 cm by 18 cm, (very large, possibly untrimmed example, rare thus). Later 17th century limp vellum with manuscript title to spine. [16], 377, [23] pages. Collated and COMPLETE. Extra engraved title page. full page engraved portrait of Galileo. Housed in a custom-made collector's slipcase. Galileo's historic formulation of the scientific method owes much to his background in music. His father, a tuner of musical instruments, taught Galileo that the key to tuning an instrument was listening to the sounds made by the instrument, not looking in a book about music. Galileo applied the same principle to observing the skies with the newly discovered telescope, and determined that Copernicus's theory of the earth moving around the sun was supported by the evidence. Modern science was born, out of music. Nº de ref. de la librería 1507103

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Systema cosmicum. in quo quatuor dialogis, de: GALILEI, Galileo

GALILEI, Galileo

Editorial: D. Hauttius for the Elzevirs [at Leiden], Strasbourg (1635)

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Descripción: D. Hauttius for the Elzevirs [at Leiden], Strasbourg, 1635. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Very Good. 1st Edition. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. 8vo (184 x 142 mm), [16], 495 [1], [24] pp. Engraved frontispiece, full-page engraved portrait by Jacob van der Heyden, woodcut diagrams. Final leaf of errata. Engraved title trimmed at lower margin just cutting into the last line with printer's place, portrait of Galileo slightly trimmed at fore-margin but otherwise fine, text lightly browned throughout as usual, minor spotting in places. 18th-century mottled calf, spine with 5 raised bands richly gilt in compartments (hinges and corners restored, spine rebacked using most of the original leather), original endpapers present. Provenance: Gordon W. Jones, M.D., Falmouth, Virginia (old bookplate to front pastedown). Except for the slight trimming of the engraved title and portrait a fine, unmarked copy with adequate margins of the text leaves throughout. Honeyman IV 1409; Horblit 18c, Dibner 8; Carli-Favaro 32 (148); Caspar 11 (88); Cinti 196 (96); Riccardi I 512. - First Latin and first international edition of Galileo's enormously influential Dialogo demonstrating the validity of the Copernican heliocentric theory over the Ptolemaic theory of the solar system. It was the only major work of Galileo published outside Italy during his lifetime and made a huge impact outside professional scientific circles. If ordinary educated non-Italians read no other Galileo, they read this edition of this text. This edition also influenced generations of scientists outside Italy, among them Mersenne and Gassendi in France, Kepler in Germany and Wilkins and Wallis in England. Galileo's Dialogo is the summation of his ideas, presented in a didactic dialogue. It is a philosophical debate that takes place over four days between three speakers, Salviati (ie. Galileo), Sagredo and Simplicio (both Simplicius the commentator on Aristotle, and 'simplicio' ie. simple or naïve). Salivati puts forward the case for the heliocentric Copernican system and Simplicio puts forward the Aristotelian view. Sagrado, a Venetian nobleman, is the layman who is willing to learn from the other two (but who always agrees with Salivati in the end). The first day is concerned with the principles of motion, which in the second day is extended to include the earth's motion on a daily basis and the principle of relativity in observed motion. The third day treats of the sun's annual motion around the earth, which contains some pro-Copernican arguments, and the fourth gives us Galileo's idea that the ebb and flow of tides is due to the motion of the earth. The text closes with the editio princeps of Kepler's 'Perioche' and a long letter of Foscarini on the opinions of Pittagorichi and Copernicus.' The Dialogue has been described as "the story of the mind of Galileo." The book reveals Galileo as physicist and astronomer, sophisticate and sophist, polemicist and polished writer. Unlike the works of Copernicus and Kepler, the 'Dialogue' was a book for the educated public not just specialists, hence this edition's huge importance. In 1616 the Vatican declared the theories of Copernicus to be "foolish and absurd" and "formally heretical." De Revolutionibus was not banned but changes had to be made to the text, notably the removal of references to the compatibility of the ideas of Copernicus with scripture. Galileo was warned by the Pope not to continue defending the views of Copernicus, to which he acquiesced. In 1623 Maffeo Barberini became Pope. He had written a poem in praise of Galileo's telescopic discoveries and Galileo felt he might now be more receptive to his ideas. Galileo presented a copy of his Il Saggiatore to the Pope in which he ridiculed the Aristotelian views of Horatio Grassi and argued that scientific investigation should not be hindered by reliance on authority. The Pope enjoyed the book and this emboldened Galileo to ask for permission to publish his theories about tides. The Pope agreed on certain conditions. First, no mention was to be made to tides in the title as this would give too much prominenc. Nº de ref. de la librería 002304

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GALILEI, GALILEO,

Editorial: Lugduni [Lyon], Sumptibus Ioan. Antonii. Huguetan, 1641. (1641)

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Descripción: Lugduni [Lyon], Sumptibus Ioan. Antonii. Huguetan, 1641., 1641. (23 x 16.5 cm). Small 4to. (XVI)+377+(22) pp. Complete with additional engraved title, title in red and black with engraved publisher's device, engraved portrait by C. Audran, woodcut diagrams in text. Index, errata-leaf. Hardcover. Contemp. limp vellum. (Vellum a bit wrinkled; few worm holes in inner hinges; early inscription on both titles, few scattered lib. stamps, incl. on both titles, outer topcorners of last 40 pages waterstained, some browning throughout). * Second Latin edition (first was published in Strasbourg in 1635) of Galilei's Dialogo (Florence 1632), most famous defense of the Copernican heliocentric theory of the solar system, translated from the Italian by Matthias Bernegger. Incl. two appendices: "Perioche ex introductione in Martem Ioannis Kepleri ." & "Epistola R.P.M. Pauli Antonii Foscarini Carmelitani circa Pythagoricorum, & Copernici opinionem de mobilitate terrae et stabilitate solis: et de novo systemate seu constitutione mundi: in qua Sacrae Scripturae auctoritates, & theologicae propositiones, communiter aduersus hanc opinionem adductae conciliantur". - Provenance: Bibliothèque Lycée Impérial d'Avignon. Nº de ref. de la librería 60457

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GALILEI, Galileo]/VIVIANI, Vincenzo

Editorial: alla Condotta (1674)

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Descripción: alla Condotta, 1674. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Very Good. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. [2] ff., (8), 149 pp, (3), 153-230 pp., 231-232 ff., 233-284 pp., 2 folding engraved plates. bound with [VIVIANI, Vincenzo]. Enodatio Problematum universis geometris Propositorum [¿] Praemissis, horum occasione, Tentamentis Variis ad Solutionem illustris veterum Problematis De Anguli Trisectione. Florence, Gugliantini, 1677. [2] ff, (6), 63 pp., 4 folding engraved plates. With presentation inscription to verso of half-title of first work signed by Viviani. Bound in contemporary calf with spine in six compartments. A wonderfully fresh copy, light toning and foxing to one or two leaves, otherwise excellent. First complete edition (second; first 1674, see below) of this important Galileianum, an assembly of previously unpublished writings by Galileo, together with texts by Torricelli and Viviani himself, inscribed by Viviani to an unknown (scored) receipient. Vincenzo Viviani resided with Galileo at Arectri from October 1639 as his pupil, amanuensis, and assistant, and together with Torricelli, spent the last months of Galileo¿s life with him recording the master¿s final meditations on the relationship between mathematics and physics. The first chapter of this work, a dialogue entitled ¿Quinto Libro degli Elementi d¿Euclide. spiegata colla Dottrina del Galileo¿ was dictated by Galileo to Torricelli in November 1641. (Galileo died January 9, 1642.) Though on his deathbed, it was to be the beginning of still another book continuing the discussion between his three old interlocutors from the Two New Sciences. In this dialogue, printed here and edited from a manuscript given to Viviani by Cardinal De¿ Medici, Galileo reflects upon two definitions found in Euclid¿s Elements, ¿same ratio¿ and ¿compound ratio,¿ which were ¿the two most important keys taken from antiquity in creating Galileo¿s mathematical physics, so that his exposition of them as the last act of his scientific career reflected his earliest scientific steps at Pisa and Padua. Like the Leaning Tower affair, this dialogue linked his last days with his first; Galileo had come full circle¿ (Drake, p. 421). As a young man, Galileo was profoundly influenced by the Elements, especially Books Five and Six which contained the Eudoxian theory of proportion. ¿The importance of the Eudoxian proportion theory to Galileo¿s science cannot be exaggerated. Until the application of algebra to the general solution of geometrical (as well as arithmetical) problems, not achieved until after Galileo¿s work was completed, rigorous connection of mathematics with physical events was possible only through some theory of proportionality. Eudoxian theory establishing proportionality between continuous magnitudes was essential to any great advance over medieval physics¿ (Drake, p. 4). Viviani ¿with the rigor and prolixity of the ancients¿devoted an appendix to geometric problems, among which was one on the trisection of an angle, solved by the use of the cylindrical spiral or of a cycloid; another was the problem of duplicating the cube, solved by means of conics or of the cubic xy2 =k¿ (DSB). . Nº de ref. de la librería 4910

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Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems;: Johannes Kepler] GALILEI,

Descripción: Apud Fredericum Haaring, et Davidem Severinum Bibliopolas [through 1700], Lugduni Batavorum [Leiden], 1699. Vellum. Estado de conservación: Very Good. Two volumes in one. 4to: [16],494,[26]; [6],282(misprinted 826),[4], with copper-engraved portrait of Galileo, additional engraved title page (after Stefano della Bella), dated 1700, showing Aristotle, Ptolemy and Copernicus discussing the heliocentric and geocentric models of the solar system, and numerous woodcut illustrations. In addition to Galileo's texts, this edition includes (following conclusion of the Dialogo) the introduction to "Astronomia nova" (pp. 446-454), in which Johannes Kepler argued in favor of heliocentrism based upon his ten-year-long investigation of the motion of Mars; the Latin translation of Paolo Antonio Foscarini's "Epistola R.P.M. Pauli Antonii Foscarini, Carmelitani, circa Pythagoricorum, & Copernici opinionem de mobilitate terræ, et stabilitate solis: et de novo systemate seu consitiutione mundi" (Letter concerning the Opinion of the Pythagoreans and Copernicus about the Mobility of the Earth and Stability of the Sun, and the New Pythagorean System of the World, pp. 455-487), in which Foscarini defends the Copernican theory against charges that it conflicted with Scripture, and "The judgment of the Cardinals against Galileo and his abjuration (pp. 488-494), first printed in Riccioli's "Almagestum," in 1651. Period full vellum over boards, titled in manuscript to spine, edges speckled black, plain period end papers. A handsome, unsophisticated copy, rare in this condition. Vellum soiled and stained, scattered minor foxing, some thumbing to final few leaves, but a tight, clean example. PMM 128 (Dialogo first edition) & 130 (Discorsi). Carli and Favaro 395. Dibner 8 and 141. Norman 858. First Leiden Edition of the Dialogo (Fourth Latin Edition, Fifth Edition overall), bound with the First Latin Edition (third overall) of the Two New Sciences. Galileo's discoveries with the telescope (described in Sidereus nuncius, in 1610), confirmed his belief that the Sun is the center of the solar system and Earth a planet, as Copernicus had argued. But by 1616, the Inquisition had pronounced Copernican theory heretical, and Galileo was admonished not to "hold or defend" it. Then in 1624, Maffeo Cardinal Barberini, friend, admirer, and patron of Galileo for a decade, was named Pope Urban VIII, and granted Galileo permission to write a book about theories of the universe but warned him to treat the Copernican theory only hypothetically. That book, the Dialogo (Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, Ptolemaic & Copernican), was first published, in Italian, in 1632. In it, Galileo gathered together all the arguments (mostly based on his own telescopic discoveries) for the Copernican theory and against the traditional geocentric cosmology put forth by Ptolemy and Aristotle. (The Dialogo takes the form of a discussion between a spokesman for Copernicus, one for Ptolemy and Aristotle, and an educated layman for whose support the other two vie.) Reaction against the book was swift. The pope convened a special commission, which recommended that the Inquisition bring a case against Galileo. Galileo confessed to having overstated his case and was condemned to life imprisonment, though he never spent a day in a dungeon; the Dialogo remained on the Inquisition's Index of prohibited books until 1822. The two new sciences with which the second book deals are mechanics and motion (kinematics). Together, they underlie modern physics, and the Two Sciences is considered the "first modern textbook in physics" (Dibner), "not only because it contains the elements of the mathematical treatment of motion, but also because most of the problems that came rather quickly to be seen as problems amenable to physical experiment and mathematical analysis were gathered together with suggestive discussions of their possible solution." (Dictionary of Scientific Biography) Newton claimed he derived the first two laws of motion from this book. N. B. With few exceptions (always identified), we only stock books in exceptional condition, wi. Nº de ref. de la librería BB1233

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Quinto libro degli elementi d' Euclide, ovvero: GALILEI, Galileo] VIVIANI,

GALILEI, Galileo] VIVIANI, Vincenzo

Editorial: Florence, Condotta, 1674 [colophon: 1676] (1674)

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Remitente: WP Watson Antiquarian Books (London, Reino Unido)

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Descripción: Florence, Condotta, 1674 [colophon: 1676], 1674. [bound with:] Enodatio problematum universis geometri propositorum . Praemissis, horum occasione, tentamentis variis ad solutionem ilustriss veterum problematis de anguli trisectioni. Florence, Gugliantini, 1677.2 works in one vol, 4to (232 x 166 mm), I: pp [xii] 284; with two engraved plates and woodcut diagrams in text; II: [viii] 63, with four folding engraved plates; slight browning to a few leaves, fine copies in contemporary calf £6000I. First edition, second and first complete issue (see below) of this major Galilean text, an assembly of previously unpublished writings by Galileo, together with pieces by Torricelli and Viviani himself. Viviani (1622-1703), Galileo's distinguished pupil, amanuensis, and biographer, was given by Cardinal de' Medici a fragment of Galileo manuscript demonstrating the fifth and seventh propositions of Euclid, book V, both concerned with size and proportionality. This fragment is published here (pp 61-78) together with other writings of Galileo (pp 79-113), Viviani's own completion of Galileo's demonstration (pp. 1-60), writings by Torricelli, and fragments of an unpublished dialogue by Galileo.Viviani himself, 'with the rigor and prolixity of the ancients, . devoted an appendix to geometric problems, among which was one on the trisection of an angle, solved by the use of the cylindrical spiral or of a cycloid; another was the problem of duplicating the cube, solved by means of conics or of the cubic xy2 = k' (DSB).There are two recorded issues of this work; the present copy is intermediate between these two. The first edition appeared in 1674, with text paginated to 149, followed by three unnumbered pages of addenda and privilege; the work was reissued in 1676, with a further section written in answer to questions posed by a Leiden student in 1675, the two plates, and the dedication dated 16 May 1676, although the titlepage date remained 1674. See Gamba 1048 (résumé in Riccardi).II. First edition of this treatise on the problem of trisecting an angle. Viviani presents a method based on the equilaterial hyperbola or the conchoid.I Carli and Favaro 339; Cinti 151; Riccardi I.2 625.2; II Riccardi I.2 627.4. Nº de ref. de la librería 3665

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Descripción: Leiden: Frederik Haaringi David Severinus 1699, 1699. Contemporary whole-leader bound on 4 ligaments; nominal & subject name in the label on the spine; red edge; [12], 494 pp., [26]; [6], 282 pp., [4], lex. 8°, Contains copper-engraving on frontispiece and title from J. Mutder; many vignetts and illustrations in text. Binding slightly scratched, headband on the top partly torn. Number of time stamped and ensured with old owners-comments. Very good condition. Extremely rare. Book Language/s: la. Nº de ref. de la librería A13159

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Opere di Galileo Galilei Nobile Fiorentino Accademico: GALILEI, Galileo.

Descripción: G.G. Tartini & Santi Franchi, Florence, 1718. Second collected edition of the works of Galileo containing nearly 500 pages of writings, not included in the first collected edition in two volumes from 1656-55, and previously unpublished. In the third volume of the present edition appears here for the first time Galileo’s remarkable treatise on probability Sopra la scoperte dei dadi (see Hald and David), his notes on the Sidereus Nuncius (the treatise on sunspots) and a large of important letters to and from supporters and antagonists alike.The present edition reprints such epoch-making titles as the Sidereus Nuncius, the treatise on the proportional compass – generally considered the forerunner of the modern calculator -, and Galileo’s greatest achievement in physics, the Discorsi e Demonstrazioni Mathematichi but does not contain the Dialogo Hald, A History of Probability and Statistics and their Applications before 1750, p. 41. An English translation by E.H. Thorne of Galileo's treatise Sopra la scoperte dei dadi (On a discovery concerning dice) is appended to David's Games, Gods and Gambling.Cinti 170; Carli & Favaro 431; Riccardi I, 520; Honeyman 1419. 3 vols. 4to: 248 x 177 mm. Bound in three uniform contemporary calf bindings with rich spine gilding, some professional leather restoration to capitals of spine, otherwise fine and unrepaired. Finely engraved portrait of Galileo, general title in red & black with engraved vignette, cxii 628 [2]; [8] 722 [2]; [54] 484 [4], and 1 engraved folding plate of the engraved the proportional compass. Fine and clean throughout. Scarce in such good condition. Nº de ref. de la librería 2706

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Descripción: Tartini e Franchi, in Fiorenza (ma Napoli), 1710. p.perg. coeva con tass. Macchioline alla coperta Grande stemma in rame della Crusca al fts titolo in rosso e nero. Nella seconda parte contiene anche la Lettera del Foscarini sopra l'opinione de' Pitagorici uno scritto sulla Perioche di Johannes Kepler un estratto di Didacus íæ Stunica e la Sentenzia di condanna e l'abiurazione del Galilei. Cinti 168 Parenti 86 Gamba 476 Riccardi I 512 Raro. Wellcome III 83 Graesse III 15 Brunet II 1462. (12) + 458 + (30) (2) + 83 (ma 81) con molte xilografie n.t. p. - 185x230 mm. Nº de ref. de la librería 13441

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Descripción: Cinti 168 - Parenti 86 - Gamba 476 - Riccardi I, 512: "Raro." - Wellcome III, 83 - Graesse III, 15 - Brunet II, 1462 - vgl. Sparrow 74, Dibner 8, Horblit 18c u. Carter-M. 128 (zur ersten Ausgabe).- Zweite Ausgabe des berühmten Dialogs über die beiden Weltsysteme, der zuerst 1632 in Florenz erschienen war und beschlagnahmt worden ist.- Die Verteidigung des kopernikanischen Systems hatte bekanntermaßen zur Vorladung Galileis nach Rom geführt, wo er zum Widerruf gezwungen worden ist. Auch die zweite, um den Brief Galileis an die Großherzogin von Toscana und weitere Schriften anderer Autoren erweiterte Ausgabe, immerhin fast 80 Jahre nach der ersten erschienen, fiel noch unter die Zensur der verbotenen Bücher, was den fingierten Druckort und das Pseudonym des Herausgebers erklärt. Bis zu einem Beschluß der Index-Kongregation am 10. Mai 1757 blieben alle Bücher, welche die Unbeweglichkeit der Sonne und die Beweglichkeit der Erde lehrten, offiziell verboten (vgl. Reusch II, 1, 395).- Titel mit restauriertem Eckabriß, durchgehend wasserrandig, leicht gebräunt und fleckig, Ebd. leicht fleckig, berieben und bestoßen.# With engraved title vignette and numerous woodcuts in the text, contemporary vellum with manuscript titling on spine. Cinti 168 - Parenti 86 - Gamba 476 - Riccardi I, 512: "Raro." - Wellcome III, 83 - Graesse III, 15 - Brunet II, 1462 - vgl. Sparrow 74, Dibner 8, Horblit 18c u. Carter-M. 128 (first edition).- Second edition (the first edition was confiscated) of the famous dialogue on the two world systems. The book comprises a series of debates between two philosophers and a layman (Salviati, Simplicio, and Sagredo) concerning the virtues of the heliocentric Copernican system versus the traditional, geocentric Ptolemaic cosmology.- This issue (extended by the letter of Galileo to the Grand Duchess of Tuscany and other writings of other authors), after all, almost 80 years after the first fell, still under the censorship of prohibited books.- Margin of title with small restoration, waterstained throughout, slightly browned and soiled, binding slightly soiled, rubbed and scuffed. # Il Dialogo sopra i due massimi sistemi del mondo è un'opera di trattatistica scientifica composta da Galileo Galilei negli anni tra il 1624 e il 1630, per poi ricevere l'imprimatur nel 1632, anno della sua prima pubblicazione. Scritta sotto la forma di dialogo, è stata un'opera di enorme successo all'epoca, tanto che la Chiesa mutò radicalmente la sua posizione verso questo dialogo, Gli ordini ecclesiastici vietarono ogni forma di diffusione: nel giugno 1633 il libro veniva proibito e Galileo doveva firmare l'abiura. Nº de ref. de la librería B20222

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LES NOUVELLES PENSEES DE GALILEI, MATHEMATICIEN ET: Galilei, Galileo. ]

Galilei, Galileo. ] 1564-1642

Editorial: For Pierre Rocolet, Paris (1639)

Usado Paper wraps Primera edición

Cantidad: 1

Remitente: poor man's books (mrbooks) (Vineland, NJ, Estados Unidos de America)

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Descripción: For Pierre Rocolet, Paris, 1639. Paper wraps. Estado de conservación: Good+ with no dust jacket. First Edition. Science; Physics; Mechanics; Small 8vo 7½" - 8" ; Later paper wrappers, lacking 2 front blanks, lacking pp 85-96 & pp 147-158. Woodcut illus. Throughout text, 1 folding plate; creased & repaired on verso. Worming to upper fore-edge margins. Nonetheless a very rare nicely illustrated copy of this work published during Galileo's lifetime. He probably died at the age of 77 on Jan-8,1642 in Arcetri Italy. New thoughts of Galilei, mathematician and engineer . Or wonderful inventions, demonstrations . Unknown at present, it is treatise on the proportion of movements, both natural and violent, and of all that is most subtle in the Mechanics and in physic. Provenance- Sessler's Book Store, Mabel Zahn, ; Wasserman. ; 0. Nº de ref. de la librería 32753

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