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SIDEREUS NUNCIUS: Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei

Editorial: Frankfurt: Poltheanus (1610)

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Cantidad: 1

Remitente: Ted Steinbock (Louisville, KY, Estados Unidos de America)

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Descripción: Frankfurt: Poltheanus, 1610. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Good. 2nd Edition. 8vo, Printer's device on title, text diagrams, ornamental headline and initials. Rehinged, affecting a few letters, and rebound in modern vellum wrappers. Housed in a handsome clamshell box. The very rare second edition of Galileo's work first published earlier that same year in Venice. It contains "some of the most important discoveries in scientific literature" (PMM 113). Nº de ref. de la librería 418

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GALILEI, Galileo & CASTELLI, Benedetto]

Editorial: Cosimo Giunti, Florence (1615)

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Cantidad: 1

Remitente: Martayan Lan (New York, NY, Estados Unidos de America)

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Descripción: Cosimo Giunti, Florence, 1615. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Very Good. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. GRAZIA, Vincenzio di. Considerazioni di M. Vincenzio di Grazia sopra'l Discorso di Galileo Galilei. Intorno alle cose che stanno in sù l'acqua, e che inquella si muovono. Florence, Zanobi Pignoni, 1613. 86 pp, (2). 4tos, untrimmed and bound in contemporary Italian decorative publisher¿s boards; some wear and minor restoration; occasional minor staining and some scattered foxing, but a wonderfully genuine volume in generally fine condition. A remarkable conjunction: First editions of two scarce and important Galileana ¿ an attack on Galileo¿s theory of hydrostatics by Vincenzo di Grazia bound alongside Galileo¿s lengthy defence of his position. Of great interest for showing the methodological interrelationship of Galileo¿s physics and his astronomy. The two works are found here in a well-preserved contemporary state, untrimmed and bound for a 17th century follower of the power struggle between Galileo and the Aristotelians. Bound first is Vincenzio di Grazia¿s critique of Galileo¿s Discorso al serenissimo Don Cosimo II (Florence, Giunti, 1612) representing a staunch defence of the Aristotelian understanding of materials and their buoyancy ¿ a position far removed from Galileo¿s own strongly empirical reconsideration of hydrostatics in terms of what we today call specific gravity. Di Grazia imputes to Galileo six principles concerning elements, buoyancy, and scientific methodology (cf Drake, pp 219-20). All in all, Di Grazia sees in Galileo¿s new observational science a dangerous method which confounds common sense and sound theoretical reasoning: ¿concerning those things that cannot be grasped through the senses or, if so, only poorly, [Galileo] insists on explaining them through the senses, as with the cavities of the moon, the sun-spots, and a thousand more things like that¿ (Considerazioni, pp 82-3). The second work, Risposta alle Opposizioni del S. Lodovico delle Colombe, e del S. Vincenzo di Grazia, gives Galileo¿s ripost to these criticisms, together with an attack on an old enemy, Ludovico delle Colombe. As he would do numerous times, Galileo hides behind the name of a devoted follower, Benedetto Castelli. However, a manuscript of the Risposta in Galileo¿s own hand discovered in the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale has convinced authorities such as Drake that it is, in fact, principally authored by Galileo himself. Nº de ref. de la librería 4954

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GALILEI, GALILEO

Editorial: Florence: Giovanni Batista Landini, 1632. (1632)

Usado Tapa dura Primera edición

Cantidad: 1

Remitente: CollectorsFolio (New York, NY, Estados Unidos de America)

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Descripción: Florence: Giovanni Batista Landini, 1632., 1632. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Near Fine. No Jacket. 1st Edition. FIRST EDITION of Galileo’s defense of the Copernican system; his most famous work and of profound historical and scientific influence. Florence: Giovanni Batista Landini, 1632. Without the famous engraved frontispiece. Many copies were originally issued without the frontispiece; this copy has a frontispiece supplied in facsimile by noted Galileo scholar Owen Gingerich. Provenance: With Harvard Library bookplate and stamps. Occasional browning (much less than usual); text with exceptionally large margins. Nº de ref. de la librería ABE-11488348997

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Istoria e dimostrazioni intorno alle macchie solari: GALILEI, Galileo

GALILEI, Galileo

Editorial: Giacomo Mascardi, Rome (1613)

Usado Softcover

Cantidad: 1

Remitente: Sokol Books Ltd. ABA ILAB (London, Reino Unido)

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Descripción: Giacomo Mascardi, Rome, 1613. Softcover. Estado de conservación: Good. GALILEO'S DEFENSE OF THE COPERNICAN THEORY, FIRST EDITION 4to, pp. (4), 164, 55, (1), plus folded table. Roman letter, little Italic; device of the Lincei Academy on title, historiated initials and engraved full-page portrait of Galileo at p. 5, 43 full-page engravings of sunspots and of Jovian satellites, several engraved tables and woodcut diagrams in text; light foxing mainly to margins, couple of tiny wormholes to gutter, light damp stain to tail of central gatherings, ink splash on f. Aii. A good copy in contemporary limp vellum, eps renewed ; two minor repairs to head and tail of spine; occasional early underlining; label of David P. Wheatland (1898-1993), founder and curator of the Collection of Historical Scientific Instruments of Harvard on front pastedown. Rare first edition of Galileo’s earliest published endorsement of the Copernican theory, in its most complete variant. Two issues appeared in Rome by Mascardi, one with three additional letters by the Jesuit scientist Christoph Scheiner. Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) was one of the greatest mathematicians and astronomers of all time. His cutting-edge discoveries revolutionised early modern physics and eventually provoked the famous condemnation of the Holy Inquisition. Amongst many other acknowledgements, he was a member of the prestigious Academy of Lincei, a pioneering scientific fellowship established in Rome by Federico Cesi. Galileo wrote the Istoria e dimostrazione in the form of three letters to his fellow academician Marcus Welser of Augsburg, arguing that sunspots appeared on the surface of the sun: they were not tiny satellites, as the traditional Aristotelian interpretation suggested. Based on telescopic observation of their motion, Galileo concluded that the sun rotated on a fixed axis like the Earth and other planets, thus embracing and somehow overstepping Copernicus’s view. In his usual combative tone, he maintained: ‘this planet also, perhaps no less than horned Venus, agrees admirably with the great Copernican system on which propitious winds now universally are seen to blow .’ His further discovery of the Satellites of Jupiter is described and illustrated with 5 plates. The work also includes Galileo's first written account of the phases of Venus and Mercury as well as some considerations on the many puzzling mysteries surrounding Saturn. His circumstantial approval of the Copernican model anticipated many of his later theories and the related political and religious consequences. This issue contains a second part entitled De maculis solaribus tres epistolae, comprising the three letters written to Welser by Christoph Scheiner about 1611. Scheiner was a Jesuit scholar and professor in Ingolstadt, Rome, Vienna and Nyssa. A pugnacious defender of the Ptolemaic system, he was a major antagonist of Galileo. His epistles, in which he states that sunspots are small planets, prompted Galileo to publish his account of his own observations. This was the first of several other debated between the two scholars, involving also the paternity of the discovery of the spots. The two issues of the editio princeps of Istoria e dimostrazioni were published at the same time; apparently, the first was meant to be distributed in Italy (where there would be no copyright dispute on Scheiner’s letters), whereas the second was tailored for export. The edition bears a beautiful engraved portrait of Galileo within architectural border, drawn by the famous artist Francesco Villamena (1564-1624). Two putti are representations of astronomical science: one is measuring with a compass, the other is observing the sky with a telescope. BM STC It. 17th, 373; Cinti, 44; Carli and Favaro, 60; Riccardi, I, 509 (without Schenier’s letters); Waller, 12046; Dawson, 2587 (‘[This issue] is generally considered to be the rarer of the two, and certainly to be preferred, as it gives us the full story of these celebrated discoveries’). Italian. Nº de ref. de la librería K24

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Mathematical Collections and Translations: The First Tome: GALILEO, Galilei (1564-1642);

GALILEO, Galilei (1564-1642); - Thomas SALUSBURY (c.1625-c.1665)

Editorial: William Leyboun, London (1661)

Usado Tapa dura Primera edición

Cantidad: 1

Remitente: Donald A. Heald Rare Books (ABAA) (New York, NY, Estados Unidos de America)

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Descripción: William Leyboun, London, 1661. 2 parts in 1, tall quarto. (13 x 8 1/4 inches). [14], 503, [1], [24]; [14], 118, [6]pp. 4 engraved plates. Lacks the half-title and without the errata leaf found in some copies. (A few expert repairs to tears at edges of preliminary leaves). Expertly bound to style in period calf, covers bordered with a gilt double fillet, spine with raised bands in six compartments, morocco lettering piece in the second compartment, the others with a repeat decoration in gilt First edition in English of Galileo's Dialogo, his celebrated defence of the Copernican view of the solar system: a milestone in the history of science. After years of being forbidden to teach the Copernican theory, in 1632 Galileo was given the opportunity to express these views by the new Pope, Urban VIII, his friend, admirer and patron for more than a decade. Urban granted Galileo permission to write a book about theories of the universe, "provided that the arguments for the Ptolemaic view were given an equal and impartial discussion" (DSB). Galileo's formal use of the dialogue, casting the work as a hypothetical discussion, allowed him fully to explore the Copernican model within Urban's parameters. The work "is a masterly polemic for the new science. It displays all the great discoveries in the heavens which the ancients had ignored; it inveighs against the sterility, wilfulness, and ignorance of those who defend their systems; it revels in the simplicity of Copernican thought and, above all, it teaches that the movement of the earth makes sense in philosophy, that is, in physics . The Dialogo, more than any other work, made the heliocentric system a commonplace" (PMM). In casting the Pope as the simple-minded Aristotelian Simplicius, Galileo brought upon himself arrest, trial by the Inquisition and life imprisonment. The sentence was commuted to permanent house arrest, but the printing of any of his works was forbidden. In 1664, English historian Thomas Salusbury published the present English collection of Galileo's work, including a translation of the Dialogo titled Systeme of the World, and followed by the short but important Epistle to the Grand Dutchesse Mother concerning the Authority of Holy Scripture in Philosophical Controversies (known today as the Letter to Christina), which was only the second work of Galileo's to be published in England. Apart from the two works by Galileo, Salusbury included other translations in volume I of his Collections, including Italian mathematician Benedetto Castelli's works on fluids in motion. In 1666, the Great Fire of London swept through the city, destroying many copies of this work and nearly all copies of the 1665 second volume containing the first book-length depiction of Galileo's life. (The title-page to part two of volume I mis-states that it is 'the second tome', an obvious cause of some bibliographical confusion). Salusbury died at roughly the same time, perhaps, as some believe, in the Great Fire. Carli-Favaro 276; ESTC R19153; Wing S-517. Nº de ref. de la librería 28873

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GALILEI, Galileo

Editorial: Rome Giacomo Mascardi 1623. (1623)

Usado Tapa dura Primera edición Ejemplar firmado

Cantidad: 1

Remitente: Martayan Lan (New York, NY, Estados Unidos de America)

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Descripción: Rome Giacomo Mascardi 1623., 1623. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Very Good. 1st Edition. 4to. [22 x 16.5 cm], (7) ff., including engraved title and portrait of Galileo signed Villamoena, 236 pp. Bound in 19th-century vellum. Excellent. First edition, first issue of an outstanding document in the history of science. The work grew out of the appearance of three comets in the autumn of 1618 and articulate the principal arguments of whether they were atmospheric or celestial phenomena. More importantly, Il Saggiatore is intimately connected with, if indeed it did not originate, the rift between Galileo and the Jesuits which ultimately saw the astronomer imprisoned by the Inquisition after the publication of the Dialogo in 1632. Il Saggiatore is often called Galileo’s "scientific manifesto," and is certainly one of the most celebrated polemics in the history of physical science. It is the first of Galileo’s works written after the Inquisiton’s warning not to propound or defend the Copernican theory, which of course he does, albeit in covert form. The engraved illustrations in Il Saggiatore include some of the earliest published of the rings of Saturn, Mars in inferior and superior conjunction, and the phases of Venus. The work comes in several issues, of which this is the first, with the short errata list correcting 16 errors.* Cinti 73; Riccardi I.511, 628; De Backer-Sommervogel III.1684-86; L’Accademia dei Lincei e la cultura europea nel XVII secolo, 14 (Grassi), 15 (Galileo) and generally pp. 75ff.; Drake & O'Malley, The Controversy of the Comets of 1618, p. vi. Signed by Author(s). Nº de ref. de la librería 3704

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GALILEI, Galileo

Editorial: Cosimo Giunti, Florence (1612)

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Descripción: Cosimo Giunti, Florence, 1612. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Near Fine. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. (2) ff, 77 pp, (1), (1) f with printer¿s emblem. Bound with: [GALILEI, Galileo & CASTELLI, Benedetto]. Risposta alle Opposizioni del S. Lodovico delle Colombe, e del S. Vincenzo di Grazia. Florence, Cosimo Giunti, 1615. (1) ff, (2), 319 [ie 335] pp with numerous mispaginations, (5) including printer¿s emblem. Bound in contemporary limp vellum with MS title on spine, ¿Galileo Galilei Opera¿, internally very fresh, an excellent copy in all respects. A remarkable pairing of two Galileana bound together by a contemporary follower of the power struggle between Galileo and the Aristotelians. The second augmented edition of Galileo¿s classic on hydrostatics, published the same year within months of the first edition, represents his first published work in physics (Drake, p. 179). The Discorso is hailed by historians of science as having united for the first time two previously separate disciplines: statics and dynamics, resulting in a new science of mechanics, containing his first published statements on the concept of moment, an abstract concept of physical force which has been shown to have dominated his early physical thinking, and contains several first announcements concerning some of his great astronomical discoveries relating to sunspots, the triple form of Saturn, and the phases of Venus. The present 2nd edition contains significant additional text concerning this important concept. The Risposta, one of the scarcest of Galileo¿s works on the market, contains his lengthy and scathing replies to his critics only a year before his official castigation by the Catholic Church. Two years after the publication of the Sidereus Nuncius which assured his place in the history of science, and after displaying his telescopic discoveries in Rome, Galileo returned to Florence and devoted himself to the study of floating bodies, ¿the real, intrinsic and total cause why some bodies float and others sink.¿ In the Discorso, Galileo supports Archimedes and opposes Aristotle on the behavior of bodies in water, arguing that the reason some solids sink is the excess of their weight over the weight of water. Employing the concept of moment¿ ¿the force with which the mover moves and the floating body resists¿ ¿and the principle of virtual velocities, Galileo far surpasses the hydrostatic considerations of Archimedes: ¿The new method enables Galileo to unify statics and dynamics into a new science of mechanics which became the foundation of modern physics¿ (Rose, The Italian Renaissance of Mathematics, p. 287). As noted above, the second edition may be distinguished from the first by the additional material contained therein; notably, Galileo drew attention to these additions by printing them in Roman type rather than Italic. Among these additions are Galileo¿s first announcements of the Sun¿s rotation period, his announcements of sunspots, and his discovery of the ¿horns¿ of Saturn. Nº de ref. de la librería 5083

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Manuscript of his 'Letter to Christina' 1615,: GALILEI, Galileo

GALILEI, Galileo

Editorial: [Florence, Palazzo Strozzi, second half of the seventeenth century] (1680)

Usado

Cantidad: 1

Remitente: WP Watson Antiquarian Books (London, Reino Unido)

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Descripción: [Florence, Palazzo Strozzi, second half of the seventeenth century], 1680. 4to (258 x 198 mm), ff [30, foliated 25-54], in a fine scribal hand, brown ink on paper; second work in a volume with eight other manuscript texts in different hands (foliated [2] 1-285), general title 'Materie Varie' with Strozzi arms, some general browning, some restoration as a result of ink corrosion or water damage to some of the documents (but not affecting the Galileo), uncut in recent vellum. £32,500A manuscript version (containing variants of the text) of Galileo's celebrated 'Letter to Christina' of Lorraine (1565-1637), Grand Duchess of Tuscany, which was written in 1615 but not published until 1636 in Strasbourg. This is a work that circulated widely in manuscript, and it was via manuscript copies such as the above that some of Galileo's most controversial ideas about Copernicanism and the relationship between Scripture and science were disseminated. These manuscript versions contain textual variants that distinguish them from the printed text.The Letter is a 'superb manifesto of the freedom of thought . Its purpose was to silence all theological objections to Copernicus. Its result was the precise opposite: it became the principal cause of the prohibition of Copernicus, and of Galileo's downfall' (Koestler). Galileo in it Galileo upholds the primacy of science and argues for its freedom from theological interference. He boldly asserts that scientific truth has priority over theology when it comes to accounting for the natural world: 'Scripture teaches us how to go to heaven but not how the heavens go'. The work concludes with an unequivocal argument for the truth of the Copernican system. The ideas expressed were instrumental in the Inquisition's prosecution of Galileo and condemnation of Copernicanism. It was finally published outside Italy by Matthias Bernegger, who made an accompanying Latin translation. This publication was condemned by the Holy Office and its distribution in Catholic countries forbidden.'In December 1613 theological objections to Copernicanism were raised, in Galileo's absence, at a court dinner, where Galileo's part was upheld by Benedetto Castelli. Learning of this, Galileo wrote a long letter to Castelli concerning the inadmissibility of theological interference in purely scientific questions. After the public denunciation [of Galileo] in 1614, Castelli showed this letter to an influential Dominican priest, who made a copy of it and sent it to the Roman Inquisition for investigation. Galileo then promptly sent an authoritative text of the letter to Rome and began its expansion into the Letter to Christina, composed in 1615 and eventually published in 1636. Galileo argued that neither the Bible nor nature could speak falsely and that the investigation of nature was the province of the scientist, while the reconciliation of scientific facts with the language of the Bible was that of the theologian' (Stillman Drake in DSB).This work brought to a head the confrontation between Copernicanism and the dogmas of the Church. In 1616 'Nicolaus Copernicus's On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres is, for the first time, placed on the Index of forbidden books by the Catholic church, which forbids, in particular, the teaching of a sun-centered universe. Galileo Galilei is summoned before the Inquisition for teaching the sun-centered theory and for suggesting that it is not the Scriptures but misinterpretations of them which have led to the supposition that the Bible confirms the geocentric theory. Galileo is dismissed with a warning to stop supporting the Copernican viewpoint' (Parkinson Breakthroughs).From 1615 on the work circulated in manuscript copies, such as the present one, as it was too controversial and dangerous to publish. These copies were quasi-public editions, made to advance Galileo's cause, and as part of his campaign to influence leading theologians to support the Copernican system.Antonio Favaro, the editor of Galileo's works for the National Edition (1890-1909), analysed thirty-fo. Nº de ref. de la librería 3663

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GALILEI, Galileo (1564-1642).

Editorial: Rome: Giacomo Mascardi, 1623. (1623)

Usado Tapa blanda Primera edición

Cantidad: 1

Remitente: Arader Galleries - Aradernyc (New York, NY, Estados Unidos de America)

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Descripción: Rome: Giacomo Mascardi, 1623., 1623. Small quarto (7 6/8 x 5 7/8 inches). 16 lines of errata on page 236. Engraved title-page and portrait of Galileo by Francesco Villamena, fine engraved diagrams in the text, (first few leaves a bit loose and with minor pale dampstain, some light spotting). Contemporary half vellum, patterned paper boards, title lettered in gilt on the spine (rubbed with minor loss to patterned paper, one or two pale stains). Provenance: With the ownership inscription of Alessandro Maggiori (1764 - 1834), celebrated artist, collector and antiquary, dated 1789 on the front free endpaper. THE EARLIEST PUBLISHED ILLUSTRATION OF THE RING OF SATURN, THE PLANET MARS IN INFERIOR AND SUPERIOR CONJUNCTION, AND THE PHASES OF VENUS First edition, first issue, on thicker paper with the short list of errata, one of fewer than 400 copies, this copy without the four preliminary leaves (signature a4) containing commendatory verses by Johannes Faber and Francesco Stelluti. With the last minute dedication to the new Pope Urban VIII, Maffeo Barberini, Galileo's friend and a patron of science and the arts. An attractive copy of one of the most celebrated polemics in science, by the most renowned and controversial scientist of his time. Ostensibly written in response to Orazio Grassi (1583-1654) who had published in 1619, under the pseudonym Lotario Sarsi (an anagram of his name) "Libra astronomica et philosophica", an attack on Galileo and his ideas of comets. Galileo's opinions were not only closely scrutinized by his peers, but also by the Church, who as early as 1611 had questioned Galileo for holding the Copernican view that the Sun, not the earth is the centre of the universe; a position which the church declared to be absurd in philosophy, at least erroneous in theology, and formally a heresy in 1616. On orders of the Pope Paul V, Cardinal Bellarmine warned Galileo to not to hold or defend the Copernican theory and Galileo was expressly forbidden to discuss the theory orally or in writing. As a result "Il saggiatore." is an ingenious general discussion of the proper scientific approach to the investigation of celestial phenomena. At the centre of his argument is the idea that no theory of comets can be advanced unless it can be proven that they are concrete moving objects rather than mere optical effects of solar light, a proof which, incidentally, he considered impossible. In discussing his new scientific approach Galileo set forth some fundamental axioms of the modern scientific method: he "distinguished physical properties of objects from their sensory effects, repudiated authority in any matter that was subject to direct investigation, and remarked that the book of nature, being written in mathematical characters, could be deciphered only by those who knew mathematics" (DSB). From the distinguished library of celebrated 18th-century artist, collector and critic Count Allessandro Maggiori, whose collection of old master drawings fromed the basis of the Vanderbilt collection now housed at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. inscribed by him on the front paste-down: "Di' Allessandro Maggiori il quale le compio a Livorno nel 1789". Carli and Favaro 95; Cinti 73; Riccardi I, 511; Norman 857. For more information about this book, or a warm welcome to see it and other books in our library at 72nd Street, NYC, please contact Kate Hunter, M.A. Oxon, in the Rare Book Department. Nº de ref. de la librería 002518

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Dialogo sopra i due Massimi Sistemi del: GALILEI, Galileo

GALILEI, Galileo

Editorial: Florence (1632)

Usado Primera edición

Cantidad: 1

Remitente: B & L Rootenberg Rare Books, ABAA (Sherman Oaks, CA, Estados Unidos de America)

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Descripción: Florence, 1632. FIRST EDITION. 4to. [viii], 458, [32] pp. The engraved frontispiece facing the title by Stefano della Bella depicting Aristotle, Ptolemy and Copernicus in discussion surmounted by the Medici arms appears to be a facsimile on contemporary paper; woodcut printer’s device on title, woodcut initials, headpieces and diagrams. Contemporary vellum, Galileo and Systema Cosmica written in ink on spine; minor browning and spotting as usual. First edition of Galileo’s statement and defence of the Copernican system of heliocentrism, which directly led to his trial for heresy in Rome in 1633. The Dialogo was designed both as an appeal to the great public and as an escape from silence. In the form of an open discussion between three friends – intellectually speaking, a radical, a conservative, and an agnostic – it is a masterly polemic for the new science. Nº de ref. de la librería 14222

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Descripción: Bologna Eredi Dozza 1656-55, 1656. 2 volumes. Rare First Edition and first printing of the works of Galileo including many pieces heretofore unpublished in any form. With a very finely engraved frontispiece and engraved portrait of Galileo, engraved folding plan, many woodcut plates, astronomical renderings, mathematical tables and diagrams throughout. 4to, in very handsome antique Italian bindings of three-quarter dark calf over Italian marbled boards, the spines with beautifully tooled compartments in gilt, contrasting red and green morocco lettering labels gilt stopped and with gilt rolled borders. Multiple books and publications separately paginated A especially handsome set. Clean, unpressed, unwashed copies in a fine state of preservation. An unusually fine set. THE RARE FIRST EDITION OF GALILEO’S COMPLETE WORKS (excepting the DIALOGO, which was still on the Index of Prohibited Books at the time), preserving a record of some of the most seminal discoveries in astronomy, scientific methodology, mathematics, primary work in the study of motion, as well as the most significant support of the Copernican theory of a heliocentric planetary system--in other words, the embodiment of the "Galilean Revolution." "Galileo, more than any other man, had introduced the change in our manner of thinking that broke with ancient and led on to modern science. Contributions had also been made by Copernicus, by Vesalius, by Harvey, by Tycho, and by Kepler and others. The share of Galileo, however, is overwhelming.[It] was more than an addition to knowledge. It was more even than an alteration in the conception of the structure of the universe. It was rather a change in mood as to the kind of knowledge that was to be sought. It partook of the nature of a philosophical crisis" (Singer, A HISTORY OF SCIENTIFIC IDEAS, p. 249). The influence of the new mood affected ideas regarding the mechanical world, the extension of the senses, the idea of the universe as mathematical and boundless, and indeed altered the whole world of science and religion. Nº de ref. de la librería 23947

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GALILEI, Galileo

Editorial: HH. del Dozza, Bologna (1655)

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Descripción: HH. del Dozza, Bologna, 1655. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Near Fine. Large 4to. 2 volumes. I: (14) ff., 48, 48 pp., (4) ff., 160 pp., (2) ff., 68, 127 pp., (2) ff., 264, 43 pp., including allegorical frontispiece signed Stefano della Bella, Villamoena portrait of Galileo, and folding engraved plate of military compass. II: (1) f., 60 pp., (8) ff., 104 pp., (2) ff., 105-156, 48 pp., (4) ff., 179, (1) pp., (1) ff., 53-106 pp., (1) f., 103-126 pp., (4) ff., 238 [i.e., 242] pp., (3) ff. Woodcut initials and diagrams. Bound in contemporary vellum, title written in ink on spine and on lower edges; usual mild discoloration and light foxing on scattered leaves; several quires browned as usual. Generally a fine, wide-margined and fresh copy. First collected edition of Galileo¿s works, appearing only a year after his death and of great interest for his 17th-century reception: this was the edition in which Newton and later eminent scientists read their Galileo. Included here are not only most of the seminal pieces written and published over a lifetime, including the Starry Messenger of 1610, the first work of modern observational astronomy, but additional publications and letters by both supporters and antagonists. Together in one work they offer a veritable panorama of scientific activity in Italy during the first half of the seventeenth century, and are critical for the history of the formation of Galileo¿s text. The Opera contains many unpublished or little-known items provided to the editors by Vincenzo Viviani, Galileo¿s friend and disciple. Among them are a number of Galileo¿s hitherto unpublished letters and experiments and the La Bilancetta, his first scientific work, written in 1586. Both the Dialogo and the letter to Christina di Lorena were censored and are, therefore, omitted. A contemporary hand noted on the final flyleaf of Vol. 2, ¿La lettura de discorsi legati insieme è interdetta¿ (¿The reading of the discourses bound together is forbidden.¿). * Cinti 132; Riccardi I.518-19. Nº de ref. de la librería 3811

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Opere di Galileo Galilei linceo nobile fiorentino,: GALILEI, Galileo.

Descripción: Heredi del Dozza 1655-56, Bologna, 1655. First collected edition of the works of Galileo, edited by Carlo Manolessi, and appearing only a year after his death. This was the edition in which Newton and his later contemporaries read their Galileo. The volumes contain not only most of the major works written and published over his lifetime, but also substantial unpublished material, both by Galileo himself as well as by his supporters and critics. Many of these items were provided to the editor by Vincenzo Viviani, Galileo’s friend and disciple, including a number of Galileo’s hitherto unpublished letters and experiments and La Bilancetta, his first scientific work, written in 1586. The Dialogo was of course on the Index and was not included in editions of the Opere until 1744. A feature of this edition is that each work has its own separate title page, imprint and pagination, which has resulted in several copies being broken up, the individual tracts being sold individually. Carlo & Favaro 251; Cinti 132; Riccardi I 518-9. 2 vols., 4to (228 x 167 mm), contemporary flexible vellum, fully complete I: pp. [28], 48, 48, [8], 160, [4], 68, 127, [4], 264, 43, including allegorical frontispiece signed Stefano della Bella, engraved portrait of Galileo by Villamoena, and with large folding plate of proportional compass; II: pp. [2], 60, [16], 104, [4], 105-156, 48, [8], 179, [1], [2], 53-106, [2], 103-126, [8], 238 (i.e. 242), [6]. Numerous woodcut diagrams in text (collates as in Cinti, Bibliotheca Galileiana). Some scattered browning to various quires (as usual), light damp stain in the beginning of volume 2, but in general a very good and unsophistaced copy. Nº de ref. de la librería 3097

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Opere di Galileo Galilei, divise in quattro: GALILEI, Galileo.

GALILEI, Galileo.

Editorial: Padua: Gio. Manfre, 1744 (1744)

Usado

Cantidad: 1

Remitente: Peter Harrington. ABA member (London, Reino Unido)

Valoración librería: Valoración 5 estrellas

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Descripción: Padua: Gio. Manfre, 1744, 1744. Four volumes, quarto (268 x 195 mm). Uncut in contemporary drab boards ("carta rustica"), paper spine labels added at a later date, preserved in two black morocco backed cloth boxes. Short tear to rear joint of volume I, occasional light marginal damp marking and dust soiling, a few short marginal tears, a tiny work track across one line of the final leaf of volume III; a very good copy in original condition. Engraved portrait frontispiece by Zucchi to vol. I, engraved printer's device on titles, head- and tail-pieces, with numerous woodcut initials, engravings and figures in the text, and two plates, one folding. Third collected edition of Galileo's works, the first complete, and the first to include the Dialogo, along with other material published here for the first time. Galilei's Opere, first published in two volumes in 1656 in Bologna by Carlo Manolessi, was reprinted with some revision and the addition of a third volume in 1718 in Florence by Tommasso Bonaventure, assisted by Guido Grandi and Benedetto Bresciani. This third edition, edited and annotated by Giuseppe Toaldo, includes for the first time, added as the fourth volume, Galilei's Dialogo sopra i due massimi sistemi. New to this edition are the Trattato del modo di misurare con la vista, Ventitrè lettere a diversi, delle quali sedici al Micanzio e tre al Gualdo, Problemi vari e pensieri vari, and the Dialogo. Cinti 176; Carli and Favaro 478; Houzeau and Lancaster 3386; Riccardi I/1 522 22 ('molto più completa ed ordinata delle due precedenti'). Nº de ref. de la librería 109916

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Systema cosmicum. in quo quatuor dialogis, de: GALILEI, Galileo

GALILEI, Galileo

Editorial: D. Hauttius for the Elzevirs, Strasbourg (1635)

Usado Tapa dura Primera edición

Cantidad: 1

Remitente: Milestones of Science Books (Ritterhude, Alemania)

Valoración librería: Valoración 4 estrellas

Edición internacional
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Descripción: D. Hauttius for the Elzevirs, Strasbourg, 1635. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Near Fine. 1st Edition. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. 8vo (193x152 mm), [xvi], 495, [xxv] pp. Engraved frontispiece, full-page engraved portrait by Jacob van der Heyden, woodcut diagrams. Final leaf of errata. Engraved title with paper repair to right margin (not touching text), pages browned throughout as usual, 6 leaves with marginal unobtrusive repairs, Dd3 with small marginal hole, occasional annotations and markings in old hand. Contemporary vellum (repairs to spine and corners, lower cover with small stains). Provenance: old stamp to title, Lewis Einstein (booklabel to back of title page). A fine copy, collated complete. --- Honeyman IV 1409; Horblit 18c, Dibner 8; Carli-Favaro 32 (148); Caspar 11 (88); Cinti 196 (96); Riccardi I 512. - First Latin and first international edition of Galileo's enormously influential Dialogo demonstrating the validity of the Copernican heliocentric theory over the Ptolemaic theory of the solar system. It was the only major work of Galileo published outside Italy during his lifetime and made a huge impact outside professional scientific circles. If ordinary educated non-Italians read no other Galileo, they read this edition of this text. This edition also influenced generations of scientists outside Italy, among them Mersenne and Gassendi in France, Kepler in Germany and Wilkins and Wallis in England. Galileo's Dialogo is the summation of his ideas, presented in a didactic dialogue. It is a philosophical debate that takes place over four days between three speakers, Salviati (ie. Galileo), Sagredo and Simplicio (both Simplicius the commentator on Aristotle, and 'simplicio' ie. simple or naïve). Salivati puts forward the case for the heliocentric Copernican system and Simplicio puts forward the Aristotelian view. Sagrado, a Venetian nobleman, is the layman who is willing to learn from the other two (but who always agrees with Salivati in the end). The first day is concerned with the principles of motion, which in the second day is extended to include the earth's motion on a daily basis and the principle of relativity in observed motion. The third day treats of the sun's annual motion around the earth, which contains some pro-Copernican arguments, and the fourth gives us Galileo's idea that the ebb and flow of tides is due to the motion of the earth. The text closes with the editio princeps of Kepler's 'Perioche' and a long letter of Foscarini on the opinions of Pittagorichi and Copernicus.' The Dialogue has been described as "the story of the mind of Galileo." The book reveals Galileo as physicist and astronomer, sophisticate and sophist, polemicist and polished writer. Unlike the works of Copernicus and Kepler, the 'Dialogue' was a book for the educated public not just specialists, hence this edition's huge importance. In 1616 the Vatican declared the theories of Copernicus to be "foolish and absurd" and "formally heretical." De Revolutionibus was not banned but changes had to be made to the text, notably the removal of references to the compatibility of the ideas of Copernicus with scripture. Galileo was warned by the Pope not to continue defending the views of Copernicus, to which he acquiesced. In 1623 Maffeo Barberini became Pope. He had written a poem in praise of Galileo's telescopic discoveries and Galileo felt he might now be more receptive to his ideas. Galileo presented a copy of his Il Saggiatore to the Pope in which he ridiculed the Aristotelian views of Horatio Grassi and argued that scientific investigation should not be hindered by reliance on authority. The Pope enjoyed the book and this emboldened Galileo to ask for permission to publish his theories about tides. The Pope agreed on certain conditions. First, no mention was to be made to tides in the title as this would give too much prominence to a phenomenum which was used as evidence that the Earth moved. Second, Galileo was to state that this was only one of the ways in which the tides could have been created. The 'Dialogo' was the result. Nº de ref. de la librería 001634

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GASSENDI, Pierre (1592-1655) - GALILEI, Galileo (1564-1642): GASSENDI, Pierre (1592-1655)
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Descripción: GALILEI GALILEO. 8vo; contemporary mottled calf, marbled edges; (16), 199, (1), 173, (1) pp. and 4 leaves of plates. The first title page is printed in red and black. The text is illustrated with astronomical woodcuts including images of the moon, showing its uneven, mountainous surface as discerned by Galileo through the telescope and four full-paged woodcut illustrations of stars (the Pleiades, Orion's belt, the Praesepe and Orion Nebulas). Lower outer corner of the first title-page cut off and repaired with no loss of printed text but with loss of the final part of the ownership's inscription, which now reads only "Karolus-Emmanuel de Ros". Otherwise, a very nice copy in contemporary binding.FIRST EDITION of this collection. Second edition overall of Gassendi's Institutio Astronomica (first ed. Paris, 1647). The first edition of Galileo's Sidereus Nuncius and Kepler's Dioptrice to appear in England. Gassendi's Institutio Astronomica is considered as the first modern astronomy textbook. It is divided into three sections: the first deals with the so-called theory of the spheres, the second describes astronomical theory, and the third discusses the conflicting ideas of Brahe and Copernicus. The present edition is important for the inclusion of two seminal works of telescopic astronomy: Galileo's Sidereus Nuncius (first ed. Venice, 1610), in which he announces his discovery of Jupiter's moons, and Kepler's Dioptrice (first ed. Augsburg, 1611), Kepler's brilliant explanation of how the telescope works."Galileo's 'Starry Messenger' contains some of the most important discoveries in scientific literature. Learning in the summer of 1609 that a device for making distant objects seem close and magnified had been brought to Venice from Holland, Galileo soon constructed a spy-glass of his own which he demonstrated to the notables of the Venetian Republic, thus earning a large increase in his salary as professor of mathematics at Padua. Within a few months he had a good telescope, magnifying to 30 diameters, and was in full flood of astronomical observation. Through his telescope Galileo saw the moon as a spherical, solid, mountainous body very like the earth- quite different from the crystalline sphere of conventional philosophy. He saw numberless stars hidden from the naked eye in the constellations and the Milky Way. Above all, he discovered four new 'planets', the satellites of Jupiter that he called (in honor of his patrons at Florence) the Medicean stars. Thus Galileo initiated modern observational astronomy and announced himself as a Copernican" (PMM, 113).Wing, G291 (with the comma in line 3 of the title); Cinti, 128; Riccardi, I, col. 508; Sotheran, I p. 73 (1448). Nº de ref. de la librería 0000000004525

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Dialogo . Dove ne i congressi di: GALILEI, Galileo
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Descripción: 'In Fiorenza' [actually Naples, no printer], 1710, 1710. 4to (276 x 200 mm), pp [xii] 458 [30, index]; [ii] 83 [recte 81] [1, blank], title in red and black and with engraved vignette with the device and motto of the Accademia della Crusca, sectional title for second part, numerous woodcut diagrams in text; title a bit dustsoiled, a few occasional minor marginal stains, a very good copy in contemporary vellum. £12,500Unrecorded large-paper copy of the second vernacular edition of Galileo's celebrated Dialogo. This is an important edition as it contains an assembly of texts (see below) including the first Italian printing of Galileo's Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina, which had been published in Strasbourg in 1636; this is Galileo's famous defence of the independence of science from religion. There is also a reprint of Paolo Foscarini's Lettera . sopra l'opinione de' Pittagorici, e del Copernico. Della mobilita de la terra, e stabilita del sole, e del nuovo Pittagorico sistema del mondo (Naples, 1615), the first Italian work to openly advocate the Copernican theory. This work was condemned by the Inquisition, the printer imprisoned, and all known copies confiscated and burned, in 1616. Further, the teaching by Galileo and others of Copernicanism was condemned, and Copernicus' De revolutionibus was put on the Index. The 1616 Inquisition edict was invoked when Galileo published the Dialogo in 1632. Two further texts are included in this edition, an excerpt from Kepler's preface to the Astronomia nova (1609), and the Inquisition's sentence against Galileo and his abjuration.The Dialogo, which was put on the Index, was omitted from the Opere which appeared in Bologna 1655-6, and also from the Florence 1718 edition of the works. The present printing was unlicensed (hence the false imprint and anonymous printer).This edition was edited by Lorenzo Ciccarelli, under the pseudonym of 'Cellenio Zacclori', and dedicated to Duke Carlo Caraffa-Pacececco. It includes several important and generally unavailable (and at the time prohibited) texts that were not present in the first edition of 1632. These are Galileo, Lettera . scritta alla granduchessa di Toscana, first printed in 1636 (pp 1-35 of the second group of pages); Paolo Antonio Foscarini, Lettera . sopra l'opinione de' Pittagorici, e del Copernico, first printed in 1615 (pp 36-68); followed by Johannes Kepler, 'Perioche ex Introductione in Martem' (pp 69-74); 'Excerptum ex Didaci. Stunica Salmanticensis commentariis in Job, editiones Tolotanae, ap. Joannem Rodricum, Anno 1584 .' (pp 74-76); 'Sententia Cardinalium In Galilaeum et abjuratio eiusdem, excerptae ex J. B. Riccioli Almagesto Novo' (pp 76-80; and 'Abjuratio Galilaei' (pp 80-81). This section was also published separately, from the same type setting (Carli and Favaro 414).The Dialogo is a page-for-page reprint of the first.This is an apparently unknown large-paper issue of the 1710 Dialogo. The copy is some 40 mm higher and 30 mm wider than normal, and the text block is almost twice as thick as the ordinary issue. Carli and Favaro 413; Cinti 168. Nº de ref. de la librería 3533

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Galileo Galilei

Editorial: Lyon: Joan. Antonii Huguetan (1641)

Usado Tapa dura

Cantidad: 1

Remitente: Ted Steinbock (Louisville, KY, Estados Unidos de America)

Valoración librería: Valoración 5 estrellas

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Descripción: Lyon: Joan. Antonii Huguetan, 1641. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Very Good. 4to, [16],378,[22]pp. Title page printed in red and black, with extra engraved half-title depicting Aristotle, Ptolemy, and Copernicus and engraved portrait of Galileo. Contemporary calf expertly rebacked with original spine laid down. With blind-tooled emblem of initials HL topped by a crown on both boards. The second Latin edition of Galileo's masterpiece of astronomical literature, his defense of the Copernican system which brought him before the Inquisition. The DIALOGO was designed both as an appeal to the larger public and as an escape from silence. In the form of an open discussion between three friends- a radical, a conservative, and an agnostic- it is a masterly polemic for the new science. It displays all the great discoveries in the heavens which the ancients had ignored; it inveighs against the sterility and ignorance of those who defend their own systems; it revels in the simplicity of Copernican thought; and above all, it teaches that the movement of the earth makes sense in physics. Cinti 109; Riccardi I-513; Honeyman IV-1410. Nº de ref. de la librería 955

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Opere. In questa nuova editione insieme raccolte,: GALILEI, Galileo

GALILEI, Galileo

Editorial: Evangelista Dozza, Bologna (1655)

Usado Tapa dura Primera edición

Cantidad: 1

Remitente: Milestones of Science Books (Ritterhude, Alemania)

Valoración librería: Valoración 4 estrellas

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Descripción: Evangelista Dozza, Bologna, 1655. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Near Fine. 1st Edition. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. 1655-1656. 4to (228x165 mm); [22], 29-32, [2], 1-48; [8], 1-160; [4], 1-68; [2] 3-48; [2] 3-43 [1]; [2] 3-264 pp. [2], [1] 2-48; [2] 3-60; [2], 53-106; [2], 103-126; [3] 4-7 [1], 1-105, [3], 105-156; [4], 1-127 [1]; [8], 1-179 [1]; [8], 1-238 [i.e. 242], [6] pp. Including half-titles, allegorical frontispiece by Stefano Della Bella, engraved portrait of Galileo by F. Villamoena, double-page engraved plate, numerous woodcut illustrations and diagrams in text. Without the first blank in second volume. Paper repairs of a few mm to upper margin of some leaves and repaired tear to inner gutter of portrait (without loss) in first volume; second volume with tear and small hole in O2 affecting one letter and with paper restoration to torn lower corners of F2, T2 and V2 not affecting text, very little occasional spotting and light age-toning. Contemporary full vellum with title in manuscript to spines (spine browned, boards spotted and soiled, some wear to extremities, repair to inner hinges with new endpapers laid down to inner boards, some leaves reinforced at gutter). Illegible ownership inscriptions to title of first volume and half title of second volume. A fine, clean copy with ample margins in original binding. Complete set of all 17 works as called for by Cinti. ---- Cinti 132; Riccardi I, 518; Houzeau -Lancaster I, 3386; Honeyman 1418; Roller -G. I, 433; Wellcome III, 83. First and rare edition of Galileo's collected works, edited by Carlo Manolessi and dedicated to Grand Duke Ferdinand II. According to Riccardi it contains a number of pieces here published for the first time. Most of these are letters to various friends and opponents, discussing questions raised by his published works. Both The Dialogo and Letter to Christiana are listed on the index 'librorum prohibitorum' and were thus not included in the Opere. Copies as here with all parts listed by Cinti, are very rare, because the first buyer arranged the selection of parts as he desired. Content: Vol. 1: 1. Lettera di Maffeo Barberini sequita dalla Advlatio perniciosa; Le operationi, del compasso geometrico e militare di Galileo Galilei; 2. Usus et fabrica circini cuiusdam proportionis, per quem omnia . problemata facili negotio resoluuntur. Ppera et studio Balthasaris Capre. explicata; 3. Difesa di Galileo Galilei. Contro alle calunie & imposture di Baldessar Capra.; 4. Discorso. intorno alle cose, che stanno su? l'acqua, o? che in quella si muouono. Di Galileo Galilei.; 5. Annotationi di Mattia Bernaggeri [sic] soptr ?nstrumento delle proportioni del sig. Galileo Galilei; 6. Della scienza mechanic . o[n]pera del signor Galileo Galilei . La bilancetta del signore Galileo Galilei.; 7. Discorso apologetico di Lodovico dell Colombe, d'intorno al Discorso del 5. Galileo Gallei, circa le cose, che stanno su? l'acqua. Vol. 2: 8. De tribus cometis anni M. DC. XVIII, disputatio astronomica.; 9. Discorso delle comete di Mario Guiducci; 10. Sydereus nuncius magna, longeque admirabilia specula pandens.; 11. Continuatione del Nuntio sidereo di Galileo Galilei linceo.; 12. Lettera al. Tarquinio Galluzzi, di Mario Guiducci.; 13. Lettere del sig. Galileo Galilei al padre Christoforo Grienberger,.; 14. Istoria e dimostrationi intorno alle macchie solari e loro accidenti.; 15. Risposta alle oppositioni del sig. Lodovico delle Columbe e del sig. Vincenzo di Gratia, contro al trattato del. sig. Galileo, Galelei, dell cose che stanno su? l'acqua.; 16. Il Saggiatore. dal signor Galileo Galilei; Discorsi e Dimostrationi matematiche.; 17. Discorsi, e dimostrationi matematiche . del signor Galileo. Nº de ref. de la librería 001999

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Castelli, Benedetto [Galilei, Galileo]

Editorial: Florence: Cosimo Giunta (1615)

Usado Tapa dura Primera edición

Cantidad: 1

Remitente: Ted Steinbock (Louisville, KY, Estados Unidos de America)

Valoración librería: Valoración 5 estrellas

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Descripción: Florence: Cosimo Giunta, 1615. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Very Good. 1st Edition. 4to, [4],366,5]pp. Last two leaves (errata and register) in expert facsimile. Later full calf with red morocco label. First edition of Galileo's principal text on the controversy over floating bodies. Like several of his polemics of this period, it appeared under the name of a colleague, in this case his pupil and friend Castelli. This work was written as a reply to two attacks by Colombe and Grazia on Galileo's 1612 treatise on floating bodies. Using the concept of moment and the principle of virtual velocities, Galileo extended the scope of Archimedean work beyond purely hydrostatic considerations. His position involved philosophical principles, and was regarded as a challenge to the authority of Aristotle. Galileo in the present reply to his academic critics enlarged both the scientific reasoning behind his position and presented a vigorous philosophical defense of his position. In the section replying to Grazia, Galileo states that he made use of two basic principles: that equal weights moved with equal speed are of like power in their effects, and that greater heaviness of one body could be offset by greater speed of another. The last two leaves completing the errata and giving the registration (here in facsimile) are not found with most copies as recorded by Cinti. Cinti 5; Carli and Favaro 66; Riccardi I-289. Very rare. Nº de ref. de la librería 954

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Galileo Galilei

Editorial: London: Thomam Dicas (1663)

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Cantidad: 1

Remitente: Ted Steinbock (Louisville, KY, Estados Unidos de America)

Valoración librería: Valoración 5 estrellas

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Descripción: London: Thomam Dicas, 1663. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Very Good. Small 8vo,[20],704,[24]pp. With extra engraved half-title depicting Aristotle, Ptolemy, and Copernicus. Contemporary mottled calf with elaborate gilt decorated spine and red morocco label. The first edition of the DIALOGO printed in England. It is Galileo's masterpiece of astronomical literature, his defense of the Copernican system which brought him before the Inquisition. The DIALOGO was designed both as an appeal to the larger public and as an escape from silence. In the form of an open discussion between three friends- a radical, a conservative, and an agnostic- it is a masterly polemic for the new science. It displays all the great discoveries in the heavens which the ancients had ignored; it inveighs against the sterility and ignorance of those who defend their own systems; it revels in the simplicity of Copernican thought; and above all, it teaches that the movement of the earth makes sense in physics. Cinti 140; Riccardi I-513; PMM 128. A very attractive copy of the rare first edition of the DIALOGO printed in England. Nº de ref. de la librería 956

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Descripción: Heredi del Dozza 1655-1656, Bologna, 1655. 2 volumes, 4to (231x166 mm). Engraved frontispiece by Stefano Della Bella, portrait of Galileo by Villamena, one folding plate, woodcut headpieces, initials, illustration and diagrams. Occasional light browning, minor spotting or soiling in places, 4 leaves misbound, long restored tear to pp.79/80 in Delle macchie solari, two marginal restorations in blank margin but overall a very fine and tall copy in contemporary Italian vellum over boards, manuscript title on spines. The Saint Office’s conviction and resulting order that no writing by the scientist from Pisa whether already published or not, could be published had strengthened in Galileo the resolve to edit personally a collection of his writings, to be published outside Italy. Towards the end of 1634, the French mathematician Pierre Carcaville, during a visit to Arcetri, offered to treat in person and at his costs, a collection of Galileo’s writings. Galileo welcomed the proposal and he himself sent to Carcavilla his "not to be published" writings to be included in the collection, advising on the edition. Then, almost all at once, the talks between Carcaville and him broke off and the project seemed to be halted definitively. The reason is to be found in the new negotiations that Galileo, through Fulgenzio Micanzio, had commenced with Lodewijk Elzevir whom, precisely at that time, was tending to the publication of the Discorsi e dimostrazioni matematiche. Again this time Galileo, eager to fulfill his desire to publish a collection of his complete works, enthusiastically embarked on the undertaking and involved Marco Ambrogetti as well, giving him the task of translating his works into Latin, to make them more easily accessible to foreign scholars. In the autumn of 1637 the translations had been completed and Galileo himself informed Lodewijk Elzevir, who in turn declared himself ready to commence publication. Once more, nonetheless, for reasons we ignore, the talks were interrupted: as a consequence, Galileo’s desire to gather his complete works in one sole edition faded away. After the Master’s death, his last and devoted disciple, Vincenzo Viviani, set about looking for Galilean writings and documents. He made a request to his colleagues and co-disciples, with the purpose of realizing a great edition of Galileo’s works, to include also an account of Galileo’s life, which he had personally written upon the request of prince Leopoldo de’ Medici. Viviani did not succeed in his intent to realize this collection, and therefore most of the materials were sent to the courageous publisher Carlo Manolessi: actually, the publication of Galileo’s writings was viewed with great suspicion by the ecclesiastic authorities, even though only the Dialogo and the Lettera a Cristina di Lorena were banned; in addition to this, in 1644 Manolessi himself had been condemned to three years of imprisonment because of his possession of forbidden books in his workshop. This edition constitutes the basis for the edition of Bolonia, 1655-1656. "Questa prima edizione curata dal Manolessi, sebbene assai meno copiosa delle susseguenti, è di Crusca, ed è tuttavia tenuta in grande estimazione: la idea da lui avuta di comprendervi alcuni scritti degli oppositori di Galileo creò, è ben vero, un antecedente che doveva pesare sulle edizioni posteriori ma ad ogni modo fu ottimo partito, poiché la conoscenza di molti tra essi è indispensabile a comprendere le repliche del nostro filosofo" (A. Favaro, Per l’edizione nazionale delle opere di Galileo Galilei , Firenze 1888 p.10). Cinti 132; Riccardi, I 518-519; Carli e Favaro 251. Nº de ref. de la librería 032

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Le operazioni del compasso geometrico et militare: GALILEI, Galileo

GALILEI, Galileo

Editorial: Padua, Paolo Frambotti, 1649 (1649)

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Cantidad: 1

Remitente: WP Watson Antiquarian Books (London, Reino Unido)

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Descripción: Padua, Paolo Frambotti, 1649, 1649. 4to (235 x 172 mm), pp [viii] 80, with large folding engraved plate and several geometrical diagrams in text; a fine, crisp, unpressed, and uncut copy in contemporary carta rustica. £8500A superlative copy of the scarce third edition of Le Operazioni del Compasso Geometrico, containing an enlarged illustration of Galileo's sector for measuring and swiftly computing distances and mathematical problems. The original edition, published in 1606 and Galileo's first printed book of significance, did not contain an illustration of his 'proportional compass', probably because of the likelihood that it would be pirated.About 1596 Galileo invented a remarkably useful instrument, the geometrical and military compass. The device, a sort of primitive analogue computer, bears nine sets of lines or scales for calculating cube roots, square roots, interest rates, circle squaring, etc. Its object was to greatly reduce computations in the measurement of distance, as well as to extract roots and perform other mathematical functions 'on the fly'. It required three fundamental operations: setting the separation of the arms; taking the distance from the pivot to a point along one of its scales; and taking the crosswise distance between a point and the corresponding point on the other arm.Galileo envisaged his instrument as of use in both civil surveying and military fortification, and it was deliberately published in the Tuscan vernacular for the benefit of both audiences. The sector was particularly useful in 'measurement by sight' applications (described on pp 62-80), allowing the user to compute heights and distances on the same instrument he used to sight them with. 'One of the immediate consequences was that topographical surveying and mapping of terrain became possible for anyone interested, no longer requiring trained specialists' (Drake).The instrument proved to be much in demand, and the inventor established a workshop in his own house at Padova for its manufacture. As is well documented, the 'compass' was copied and plagiarized by others, notably one Baldassare Capra, and in 1606 Galileo published Le Operazioni del Compasso to vindicate his claim to the invention by describing its construction and use. This was his first significant work to appear in print and is very rare. Only 60 copies of this first edition were printed and probably only a dozen or so have survived.It should be noted that Galileo's 'compass', now called the sector, has been manufactured from Galileo's day right up to the present time. No previously known device had accomplished anything quite like it, although mechanical aids to calculation had appeared earlier in various forms. Something of the importance to society of such an invention as Galileo's, noted Stillman Drake, can be grasped from the modern introduction of the pocket electronic computer. It completely revolutionized the way people, from princes to land surveyors, calculated complex mathematical problems without pencil and paper and, in so doing, democratized practical mathematics.Riccardi's editions of 1619 and 1641 would appear to be ghosts; I cannot find any other record of them. Cinti states that the plate mark in the 1640 second edition, the first appearance of the illustration, measured 119 x 345 cm to the plate mark, but I can find no evidence of this. It is probably a setting error, because the true dimensions should be 228/9 x 340 mm according to copies I have checked. The plate mark in the 1649 edition measures ca 25 x 36.3 cm so the two are clearly different, unless the original plate had been cut. Also Cinti mentions a 'n.1' engraved in the margin, but the plate in this copy is not numbered. Carli and Favaro 228; Cinti 122; Tomash and Williams G13; cf also Drake's translation with foreword and notes (Smithsonian Institution Press, 1978). Nº de ref. de la librería 3771

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Systema cosmicum. in quo quatuor dialogis, de: GALILEI, Galileo

GALILEI, Galileo

Editorial: D. Hauttius for the Elzevirs [at Leiden], Strasbourg (1635)

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Cantidad: 1

Remitente: Milestones of Science Books (Ritterhude, Alemania)

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Descripción: D. Hauttius for the Elzevirs [at Leiden], Strasbourg, 1635. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Very Good. 1st Edition. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. 8vo (184 x 142 mm), [16], 495 [1], [24] pp. Engraved frontispiece, full-page engraved portrait by Jacob van der Heyden, woodcut diagrams. Final leaf of errata. Engraved title trimmed at lower margin just cutting into the last line with printer's place, portrait of Galileo slightly trimmed at fore-margin but otherwise fine, text lightly browned throughout as usual, minor spotting in places. 18th-century mottled calf, spine with 5 raised bands richly gilt in compartments (hinges and corners restored, spine rebacked using most of the original leather), original endpapers present. Provenance: Gordon W. Jones, M.D., Falmouth, Virginia (old bookplate to front pastedown). Except for the slight trimming of the engraved title and portrait a fine, unmarked copy with adequate margins of the text leaves throughout. Honeyman IV 1409; Horblit 18c, Dibner 8; Carli-Favaro 32 (148); Caspar 11 (88); Cinti 196 (96); Riccardi I 512. - First Latin and first international edition of Galileo's enormously influential Dialogo demonstrating the validity of the Copernican heliocentric theory over the Ptolemaic theory of the solar system. It was the only major work of Galileo published outside Italy during his lifetime and made a huge impact outside professional scientific circles. If ordinary educated non-Italians read no other Galileo, they read this edition of this text. This edition also influenced generations of scientists outside Italy, among them Mersenne and Gassendi in France, Kepler in Germany and Wilkins and Wallis in England. Galileo's Dialogo is the summation of his ideas, presented in a didactic dialogue. It is a philosophical debate that takes place over four days between three speakers, Salviati (ie. Galileo), Sagredo and Simplicio (both Simplicius the commentator on Aristotle, and 'simplicio' ie. simple or naïve). Salivati puts forward the case for the heliocentric Copernican system and Simplicio puts forward the Aristotelian view. Sagrado, a Venetian nobleman, is the layman who is willing to learn from the other two (but who always agrees with Salivati in the end). The first day is concerned with the principles of motion, which in the second day is extended to include the earth's motion on a daily basis and the principle of relativity in observed motion. The third day treats of the sun's annual motion around the earth, which contains some pro-Copernican arguments, and the fourth gives us Galileo's idea that the ebb and flow of tides is due to the motion of the earth. The text closes with the editio princeps of Kepler's 'Perioche' and a long letter of Foscarini on the opinions of Pittagorichi and Copernicus.' The Dialogue has been described as "the story of the mind of Galileo." The book reveals Galileo as physicist and astronomer, sophisticate and sophist, polemicist and polished writer. Unlike the works of Copernicus and Kepler, the 'Dialogue' was a book for the educated public not just specialists, hence this edition's huge importance. In 1616 the Vatican declared the theories of Copernicus to be "foolish and absurd" and "formally heretical." De Revolutionibus was not banned but changes had to be made to the text, notably the removal of references to the compatibility of the ideas of Copernicus with scripture. Galileo was warned by the Pope not to continue defending the views of Copernicus, to which he acquiesced. In 1623 Maffeo Barberini became Pope. He had written a poem in praise of Galileo's telescopic discoveries and Galileo felt he might now be more receptive to his ideas. Galileo presented a copy of his Il Saggiatore to the Pope in which he ridiculed the Aristotelian views of Horatio Grassi and argued that scientific investigation should not be hindered by reliance on authority. The Pope enjoyed the book and this emboldened Galileo to ask for permission to publish his theories about tides. The Pope agreed on certain conditions. First, no mention was to be made to tides in the title as this would give too much prominenc. Nº de ref. de la librería 002304

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GALILEI, GALILEO,

Editorial: Lugduni [Lyon], Sumptibus Ioan. Antonii. Huguetan, 1641. (1641)

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Remitente: Charbo's Antiquariaat (Amsterdam, Holanda)

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Descripción: Lugduni [Lyon], Sumptibus Ioan. Antonii. Huguetan, 1641., 1641. (23 x 16.5 cm). Small 4to. (XVI)+377+(22) pp. Complete with additional engraved title, title in red and black with engraved publisher's device, engraved portrait by C. Audran, woodcut diagrams in text. Index, errata-leaf. Hardcover. Contemp. limp vellum. (Vellum a bit wrinkled; few worm holes in inner hinges; early inscription on both titles, few scattered lib. stamps, incl. on both titles, outer topcorners of last 40 pages waterstained, some browning throughout). * Second Latin edition (first was published in Strasbourg in 1635) of Galilei's Dialogo (Florence 1632), most famous defense of the Copernican heliocentric theory of the solar system, translated from the Italian by Matthias Bernegger. Incl. two appendices: "Perioche ex introductione in Martem Ioannis Kepleri ." & "Epistola R.P.M. Pauli Antonii Foscarini Carmelitani circa Pythagoricorum, & Copernici opinionem de mobilitate terrae et stabilitate solis: et de novo systemate seu constitutione mundi: in qua Sacrae Scripturae auctoritates, & theologicae propositiones, communiter aduersus hanc opinionem adductae conciliantur". - Provenance: Bibliothèque Lycée Impérial d'Avignon. Nº de ref. de la librería 60457

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GALILEI, Galileo]/VIVIANI, Vincenzo

Editorial: alla Condotta (1674)

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Remitente: Martayan Lan (New York, NY, Estados Unidos de America)

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Descripción: alla Condotta, 1674. Hardcover. Estado de conservación: Very Good. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. [2] ff., (8), 149 pp, (3), 153-230 pp., 231-232 ff., 233-284 pp., 2 folding engraved plates. bound with [VIVIANI, Vincenzo]. Enodatio Problematum universis geometris Propositorum [¿] Praemissis, horum occasione, Tentamentis Variis ad Solutionem illustris veterum Problematis De Anguli Trisectione. Florence, Gugliantini, 1677. [2] ff, (6), 63 pp., 4 folding engraved plates. With presentation inscription to verso of half-title of first work signed by Viviani. Bound in contemporary calf with spine in six compartments. A wonderfully fresh copy, light toning and foxing to one or two leaves, otherwise excellent. First complete edition (second; first 1674, see below) of this important Galileianum, an assembly of previously unpublished writings by Galileo, together with texts by Torricelli and Viviani himself, inscribed by Viviani to an unknown (scored) receipient. Vincenzo Viviani resided with Galileo at Arectri from October 1639 as his pupil, amanuensis, and assistant, and together with Torricelli, spent the last months of Galileo¿s life with him recording the master¿s final meditations on the relationship between mathematics and physics. The first chapter of this work, a dialogue entitled ¿Quinto Libro degli Elementi d¿Euclide. spiegata colla Dottrina del Galileo¿ was dictated by Galileo to Torricelli in November 1641. (Galileo died January 9, 1642.) Though on his deathbed, it was to be the beginning of still another book continuing the discussion between his three old interlocutors from the Two New Sciences. In this dialogue, printed here and edited from a manuscript given to Viviani by Cardinal De¿ Medici, Galileo reflects upon two definitions found in Euclid¿s Elements, ¿same ratio¿ and ¿compound ratio,¿ which were ¿the two most important keys taken from antiquity in creating Galileo¿s mathematical physics, so that his exposition of them as the last act of his scientific career reflected his earliest scientific steps at Pisa and Padua. Like the Leaning Tower affair, this dialogue linked his last days with his first; Galileo had come full circle¿ (Drake, p. 421). As a young man, Galileo was profoundly influenced by the Elements, especially Books Five and Six which contained the Eudoxian theory of proportion. ¿The importance of the Eudoxian proportion theory to Galileo¿s science cannot be exaggerated. Until the application of algebra to the general solution of geometrical (as well as arithmetical) problems, not achieved until after Galileo¿s work was completed, rigorous connection of mathematics with physical events was possible only through some theory of proportionality. Eudoxian theory establishing proportionality between continuous magnitudes was essential to any great advance over medieval physics¿ (Drake, p. 4). Viviani ¿with the rigor and prolixity of the ancients¿devoted an appendix to geometric problems, among which was one on the trisection of an angle, solved by the use of the cylindrical spiral or of a cycloid; another was the problem of duplicating the cube, solved by means of conics or of the cubic xy2 =k¿ (DSB). . Nº de ref. de la librería 4910

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Descripción: Leiden: Frederik Haaringi David Severinus 1699, 1699. Contemporary whole-leader bound on 4 ligaments; nominal & subject name in the label on the spine; red edge; [12], 494 pp., [26]; [6], 282 pp., [4], lex. 8°, Contains copper-engraving on frontispiece and title from J. Mutder; many vignetts and illustrations in text. Binding slightly scratched, headband on the top partly torn. Number of time stamped and ensured with old owners-comments. Very good condition. Extremely rare. Book Language/s: la. Nº de ref. de la librería A13159

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Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems;: Johannes Kepler] GALILEI,

Descripción: Apud Fredericum Haaring, et Davidem Severinum Bibliopolas [through 1700], Lugduni Batavorum [Leiden], 1699. Vellum. Estado de conservación: Very Good. Two volumes in one. 4to: [16],494,[26]; [6],282(misprinted 826),[4], with copper-engraved portrait of Galileo, additional engraved title page (after Stefano della Bella), dated 1700, showing Aristotle, Ptolemy and Copernicus discussing the heliocentric and geocentric models of the solar system, and numerous woodcut illustrations. In addition to Galileo's texts, this edition includes (following conclusion of the Dialogo) the introduction to "Astronomia nova" (pp. 446-454), in which Johannes Kepler argued in favor of heliocentrism based upon his ten-year-long investigation of the motion of Mars; the Latin translation of Paolo Antonio Foscarini's "Epistola R.P.M. Pauli Antonii Foscarini, Carmelitani, circa Pythagoricorum, & Copernici opinionem de mobilitate terræ, et stabilitate solis: et de novo systemate seu consitiutione mundi" (Letter concerning the Opinion of the Pythagoreans and Copernicus about the Mobility of the Earth and Stability of the Sun, and the New Pythagorean System of the World, pp. 455-487), in which Foscarini defends the Copernican theory against charges that it conflicted with Scripture, and "The judgment of the Cardinals against Galileo and his abjuration (pp. 488-494), first printed in Riccioli's "Almagestum," in 1651. Period full vellum over boards, titled in manuscript to spine, edges speckled black, plain period end papers. A handsome, unsophisticated copy, rare in this condition. Vellum soiled and stained, scattered minor foxing, some thumbing to final few leaves, but a tight, clean example. PMM 128 (Dialogo first edition) & 130 (Discorsi). Carli and Favaro 395. Dibner 8 and 141. Norman 858. First Leiden Edition of the Dialogo (Fourth Latin Edition, Fifth Edition overall), bound with the First Latin Edition (third overall) of the Two New Sciences. Galileo's discoveries with the telescope (described in Sidereus nuncius, in 1610), confirmed his belief that the Sun is the center of the solar system and Earth a planet, as Copernicus had argued. But by 1616, the Inquisition had pronounced Copernican theory heretical, and Galileo was admonished not to "hold or defend" it. Then in 1624, Maffeo Cardinal Barberini, friend, admirer, and patron of Galileo for a decade, was named Pope Urban VIII, and granted Galileo permission to write a book about theories of the universe but warned him to treat the Copernican theory only hypothetically. That book, the Dialogo (Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, Ptolemaic & Copernican), was first published, in Italian, in 1632. In it, Galileo gathered together all the arguments (mostly based on his own telescopic discoveries) for the Copernican theory and against the traditional geocentric cosmology put forth by Ptolemy and Aristotle. (The Dialogo takes the form of a discussion between a spokesman for Copernicus, one for Ptolemy and Aristotle, and an educated layman for whose support the other two vie.) Reaction against the book was swift. The pope convened a special commission, which recommended that the Inquisition bring a case against Galileo. Galileo confessed to having overstated his case and was condemned to life imprisonment, though he never spent a day in a dungeon; the Dialogo remained on the Inquisition's Index of prohibited books until 1822. The two new sciences with which the second book deals are mechanics and motion (kinematics). Together, they underlie modern physics, and the Two Sciences is considered the "first modern textbook in physics" (Dibner), "not only because it contains the elements of the mathematical treatment of motion, but also because most of the problems that came rather quickly to be seen as problems amenable to physical experiment and mathematical analysis were gathered together with suggestive discussions of their possible solution." (Dictionary of Scientific Biography) Newton claimed he derived the first two laws of motion from this book. N. B. With few exceptions (always identified), we only stock books in exceptional condition, wi. Nº de ref. de la librería BB1233

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Quinto libro degli elementi d' Euclide, ovvero: GALILEI, Galileo] VIVIANI,

GALILEI, Galileo] VIVIANI, Vincenzo

Editorial: Florence, Condotta, 1674 [colophon: 1676] (1674)

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Remitente: WP Watson Antiquarian Books (London, Reino Unido)

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Descripción: Florence, Condotta, 1674 [colophon: 1676], 1674. [bound with:] Enodatio problematum universis geometri propositorum . Praemissis, horum occasione, tentamentis variis ad solutionem ilustriss veterum problematis de anguli trisectioni. Florence, Gugliantini, 1677.2 works in one vol, 4to (232 x 166 mm), I: pp [xii] 284; with two engraved plates and woodcut diagrams in text; II: [viii] 63, with four folding engraved plates; slight browning to a few leaves, fine copies in contemporary calf £6000I. First edition, second and first complete issue (see below) of this major Galilean text, an assembly of previously unpublished writings by Galileo, together with pieces by Torricelli and Viviani himself. Viviani (1622-1703), Galileo's distinguished pupil, amanuensis, and biographer, was given by Cardinal de' Medici a fragment of Galileo manuscript demonstrating the fifth and seventh propositions of Euclid, book V, both concerned with size and proportionality. This fragment is published here (pp 61-78) together with other writings of Galileo (pp 79-113), Viviani's own completion of Galileo's demonstration (pp. 1-60), writings by Torricelli, and fragments of an unpublished dialogue by Galileo.Viviani himself, 'with the rigor and prolixity of the ancients, . devoted an appendix to geometric problems, among which was one on the trisection of an angle, solved by the use of the cylindrical spiral or of a cycloid; another was the problem of duplicating the cube, solved by means of conics or of the cubic xy2 = k' (DSB).There are two recorded issues of this work; the present copy is intermediate between these two. The first edition appeared in 1674, with text paginated to 149, followed by three unnumbered pages of addenda and privilege; the work was reissued in 1676, with a further section written in answer to questions posed by a Leiden student in 1675, the two plates, and the dedication dated 16 May 1676, although the titlepage date remained 1674. See Gamba 1048 (résumé in Riccardi).II. First edition of this treatise on the problem of trisecting an angle. Viviani presents a method based on the equilaterial hyperbola or the conchoid.I Carli and Favaro 339; Cinti 151; Riccardi I.2 625.2; II Riccardi I.2 627.4. Nº de ref. de la librería 3665

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Descripción: Tartini e Franchi, in Fiorenza (ma Napoli), 1710. p.perg. coeva con tass. Macchioline alla coperta Grande stemma in rame della Crusca al fts titolo in rosso e nero. Nella seconda parte contiene anche la Lettera del Foscarini sopra l'opinione de' Pitagorici uno scritto sulla Perioche di Johannes Kepler un estratto di Didacus íæ Stunica e la Sentenzia di condanna e l'abiurazione del Galilei. Cinti 168 Parenti 86 Gamba 476 Riccardi I 512 Raro. Wellcome III 83 Graesse III 15 Brunet II 1462. (12) + 458 + (30) (2) + 83 (ma 81) con molte xilografie n.t. p. - 185x230 mm. Nº de ref. de la librería 13441

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