This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1912 Excerpt: ... CHAPTER II DOCTRINES I. The philosophy of Carlyle; his social doctrine; heroism; State intervention and feudalism. His influence; the evolution of economic concepts.--II. The religious revival; the Oxford Movement; its results; ritualism; the Catholic reaction.--III. The aesthetic movement; spontaneousness and will in English art; Ruskin, his artistic and social message; his influence. I There is a philosophy of intuition; and this philosophy, like all others, is indebted to the reasoning faculty for its expression and demonstration. It is yet essentially different from all the doctrines which rely upon reason alone in their search after truth. Without losing touch with psychological realities, and keeping in mind the natural inner divisions of ideas, not only is it possible to contrast the body of rationalist theories with the intellectual movements impelled by a contrary spirit--one can also trace these movements, by means of their characteristics, back to the network of social and moral tendencies which thwarted the logical aim of individualism. One may find the most conscious expression of the revenge of instinct in Carlyle's intuitive and ) mystical philosophy. With the Liberals and the dogmatic exponents of political economy, English thought had been attracted by the ideal of scientific lucidity; it had undergone the influence of the philosophers of France, and was thus in some way a product of French thought engrafted on the English temperament. On the contrary, with Carlyle and his disciples, the European reaction against the eighteenth century drove England back to the Germanic elements of her national originality. Owing largely to the puritan tradition which had kept its ground in Scotland better than elsewhere, Carlyle's philosophy borrowed many...
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